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The Ancient Orient : An Introduction to the Study of the Ancient Near East :  An Introduction to the Study of the Ancient Near East - Wolfram Von Soden

The Ancient Orient : An Introduction to the Study of the Ancient Near East

An Introduction to the Study of the Ancient Near East

Paperback Published: February 1994
ISBN: 9780802801425
Number Of Pages: 284

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This book represents the first comprehensive, interdisciplinary presentation of ancient Near Eastern civilization. Concentrating on Mesopotamia and North Syria and focusing particularly on the cultures of Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria, von Soden covers the earliest times to Hellenization. His study of ancient "humanity in its wholeness" includes treatments of the history of language and systems of writing, the state and society, nutrition and agriculture, artisanry, economics, law, science, religion and magic, art, music, and more. Valuable background work for students of the Bible. Includes 18 black-and-white photographs.

Translator's Preface
Foreword
Abbreviations
The Term "Ancient Orient" and Its Demarcationp. 1
The Scenep. 6
Peoples and Cultures in the Ancient Orientp. 12
The Ancient Oriental Cultures before 3000: The Sumeriansp. 15
The Semites in Western Asiap. 18
Hurrians and Urartiansp. 24
Peoples and Cultures in Western Iranp. 25
Asia Minor: Proto-Hattians, Luwians, and Hittitesp. 28
The Coalescence of Peoplesp. 29
Writing and Systems of Writingp. 31
Sumerian Writing and Cuneiformp. 31
The Hittite Hieroglyphs (the Luwian Pictograms)p. 37
The Phoenician Alphabetic Script and Its Predecessorsp. 38
Alphabetic Scripts in Cuneiform: Ugaritic and the Old Persian Scriptp. 40
The History of Ancient Western Asia: The Historical Sourcesp. 42
Chronology: King Lists, Date Lists, and Eponym Listsp. 42
Sources for Political Historyp. 46
The Early Sumerian Period and Early Dynastic Periodp. 47
The Empire of Akkad and the Neo-Sumerian Periodp. 48
The Beginnings of Assyria and Its Trade Coloniesp. 49
The Old Babylonian Periodp. 50
The Ancient Orient between 1530 and 1000p. 53
Western Asia from 1000 to 750 and the Rise of the Assyrian Empirep. 56
The Neo-Assyrian Empire: Its Zenith and Decline: Tiglath-Pileser III and the Sargonidsp. 57
The Neo-Babylonian Chaldean Empire (626-539)p. 59
Persians, Macedonians, Greeks, and Parthians in Western Asiap. 60
State and Societyp. 63
The Monarchyp. 63
The Divinization of the Monarchp. 67
City, State, and Administrationp. 69
Society and Social Groupsp. 71
The Army and Warfarep. 82
Nutrition and Agriculturep. 87
Fishing and Fowling; Huntingp. 89
Animal Husbandryp. 91
Farming and Gardeningp. 97
Artisanryp. 104
The Term; Organization and Instruction; The Schoolp. 104
Spinning, Weaving, Sewing, and Embroideryp. 106
The Preparation of Hides: Leatherp. 107
The Use of Reeds: Basketryp. 109
Woodwork: Carpentry, Joining, and Furniture Makingp. 110
Mud and Clay: Bricks, Ceramics, and Miniature Sculpturep. 112
Stone for Devices, Monumental and Miniature Sculpture, and Buildingsp. 115
The Smelting and Refining of Metalsp. 117
Trade and Commercep. 119
Roads and Highwaysp. 119
Water Routesp. 120
Basic Terms of Trade: Buying and Selling, Moneyp. 123
The Organization of Trade: The Merchantp. 125
The Merchandisep. 128
Lawp. 131
Legal Prescriptions and Law Codesp. 131
Documents and Other Legal Sources: Legal Praxisp. 138
Judges and the Judiciaryp. 141
Sumerian and Babylonian Sciencep. 145
The Sumerian Science of Lists as a Science of Orderp. 145
Bilingual Lexical Lists in Ebla and Babylonia: Tri- and Quadrilingual Lists in Asia Minor and Syriap. 148
Further Functions of Babylonian Word and Name Lists: Inventory Rolls and Compilations of Various Sortsp. 151
Lists of Analogous Verbal Expressionsp. 153
The Babylonian Science of Omensp. 153
Theology, Historiography, and Geographyp. 158
The Beginnings of Natural Sciencesp. 160
The Scientific Study of Humanity: Medicine and Pharmacologyp. 162
Mathematics and Astronomyp. 165
Religion and Magicp. 173
Basic Problemsp. 173
The Gods of the Sumeriansp. 175
The Gods of the Babylonians and Assyriansp. 177
God and Mankind: Sin and Ethics, Theodicy, Life after Deathp. 184
Cults and Offerings: Priests, Temple Servants, Prophetsp. 188
Magic, Demons, Evil Powers, Sorceryp. 198
Death and Burialp. 201
Literaturep. 203
Overview: Tablet Series: Prose and Poetryp. 203
Royal Inscriptionsp. 206
Myths and Epicsp. 209
Wisdom Literature and Humorous Poetryp. 221
Hymns, Prayers, Laments, and Incantationsp. 225
Scientific Literaturep. 230
Building, Art, and Musicp. 232
Cultic Buildings and Palaces: Form and Decorationp. 232
Sculpture and Modeling, Inlaid Work, and Miniaturep. 238
Music and Musical Instrumentsp. 243
Concluding Observations and Remarksp. 247
Selected Bibliographyp. 251
Indexp. 255
Map of the Near East up to the Persian Periodp. 263
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780802801425
ISBN-10: 0802801420
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 284
Published: February 1994
Publisher: William B Eerdmans Publishing Co
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.4