James Pritchard's classic anthologies of the ancient Near East have introduced generations of readers to texts essential for understanding the peoples and cultures of this important region. Now these two enduring works have been combined and integrated into one convenient and richly illustrated volume, with a new foreword that puts the translations in context.
With more than 130 reading selections and 300 photographs of ancient art, architecture, and artifacts, this volume provides a stimulating introduction to some of the most significant and widely studied texts of the ancient Near East, including the Epic of Gilgamesh, the Creation Epic (Enuma elish), the Code of Hammurabi, and the Baal Cycle. For students of history, religion, the Bible, archaeology, and anthropology, this anthology provides a wealth of material for understanding the ancient Near East.Represents the diverse cultures and languages of the ancient Near East--Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian, Hittite, Ugaritic, Canaanite, and Aramaic--in a wide range of genres:
Historical texts Legal texts and treaties Inscriptions Hymns Didactic and wisdom literature Oracles and prophecies Love poetry and other literary texts LettersNew foreword puts the classic translations in context More than 300 photographs document ancient art, architecture, and artifacts related to the texts Fully indexed
"Pritchard enlisted some of the best scholars of his day to translate myths from Mesopotamia, novellas from Egypt, and calendars from Palestine. They provide an amazing backdrop to reread, and in some cases reinterpret, the Bible. Furthermore, the translations themselves are works of art... These translations have staying power. Not only do they convey the cultural environment of the biblical world but they do so with elegance and timeliness. The translators achieved an admirable balance of fidelity to the original compositions and imaginative creativity."--Books & Culture "While there are other collections of texts published more recently with some more current translations, there is no extant, modestly priced volume that includes both texts and pictures tor the many cultures this one includes... [T]his volume can serve well in personal, public, school, and small college libraries with its modest price and collected materials. It provides a wealth of material useful for understanding the ancient Near East."--Susan Tower Hollis, American Reference Books Annual
List of Illustrations xiForeword ? Daniel E. Fleming xxiiiPreface to the 1975 Edition xxviiPreface to the 1958 Edition xxixChapter I: Egyptian Myths and Tales by John A. WilsonThe Memphite Theology of Creation 1Deliverance of Mankind from Destruction 3The Story of Si-nuhe 5The Story of Two Brothers 11The Journey of Wen-Amon to Phoenicia 14The Tradition of Seven Lean Years in Egypt 21Chapter II: Myths and Epics from MesopotamiaA Sumerian Myth by S. N. KramerThe Deluge 25Akkadian Myths and EpicsThe Creation Epic (Enuma elish) E. A. Speiser 28Additions to Tablet V by A. K. Grayson 36The Epic of Gilgamesh by E. A. Speiser 39A Cosmological Incantation: The Worm and the Toothache by E. A. Speiser 72Adapa by E. A. Speiser 73Descent of Ishtar to the Nether World by E. A. Speiser 77The Legend of Sargon by E. A. Speiser 82Nergal and Ereshkigal by A. K. Grayson 83Pritchard. The Myth of Zu (Anzu) by A. K. Grayson 92A Babylonian Theogony by A. K. Grayson 99Chapter III: Hittite Myths by Albrecht GoetzeThe Telepinus Myth 101El, Ashertu, and the Storm-god (Elkunirsha and Ashertu) 105Chapter IV: Ugaritic Myths and Epics by H. L. GinsbergPoems about Baal and Anath (The Baal Cycle) 107The Tale of Aqhat 134Chapter V: Legal TextsCollections of Laws from MesopotamiaThe Laws of Eshnunna by Albrecht Goetze 150The Code of Hammurabi by by Theophile J. Meek 155The Laws of Ur-Nammu by by J. J. Finkelstein 179Sumerian Laws by J. J. Finkelstein 182The Edict of Ammisaduqa by J. J. Finkelstein 183Documents from the Practice of LawMesopotamian Legal Documents by Theophile J. Meek, J. J. Finkelstein 187Aramaic Papyri from Elephantine by H. L. Ginsberg 200Chapter VI: TreatiesHittite Treaty by Albrecht GoetzeTreaty of Suppiluliumas of Aziras of Amurru 205Akkadian Treaties from Syria and Assyria by Erica ReinerTreaty between Niqmepa of Alalakh and Ir-dim of Tunip 208Treaty between Idrimi and Pilliya 210Treaty between Ashurnirari V of Assyria and Mati'ilu of Arpad 210Treaty of Esarhaddon with Baal of Tyre 212The Vassal-Treaties of Esarhaddon 213Chapter VII: Egyptian Historical Texts by John A. WilsonThe Expulsion of the Hyksos 226The Asiatic Campaign of Thut-mose III 228A Campaign of Seti I in Northern Palestine 234The Report of a Frontier Official 235A Syrian Interregnum 236The War against the Peoples of the Sea 237The Megiddo Ivories 239The Campaign of Sheshonk I 239Asiatics in Egyptian Household Service 240The War against the Hyksos 242Chapter VIII: Assyrian and Babylonian Historical TextsA. Leo OppenheimThe Dedication of the Shamash Temple by Yahdun-Lim 246The Story of Idrimi, King of Alalakh 248Ashurnasirpal II (883-859): Expedition to the Lebanon 250The Banquet of Ashurnasirpal II 250Shalmaneser III (858-824): The Fight against the Aramean Coalition 255Adad-nirari III (810-783): Expedition to Palestine 258The Assyrian King List 259Tiglath-pileser III (744-727): Campaigns against Syria and Palestine 264Sargon II (721-705): The Fall of Samaria 266Sennacherib (704-681): The Siege of Jerusalem 269Esarhaddon (680-669): The Syro-Palestinian Campaign 271Receipt of Tribute from Palestine 272The Fall of Nineveh 272The Fall of Jerusalem 273The Conquest of Jerusalem 273Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562) 274The Mother of Nabonidus 275Nabonidus and His God 278The Fall of Babylon 281Cyrus (557-529) 282The Uruk King List from Kandalanu to Seleucus II 284A Seleucid King List 285Chapter IX: Palestinian Inscriptions by W. F. AlbrightThe Gezer Calendar 287The Moabite Stone 287The Ostraca of Samaria 289The Siloam Inscription 290A Letter from the Time of Josiah (Mesad Hashavyahu Ostracon) 290Three Ostraca from Arad 291The Lachish Ostraca 292Chapter X: Canaanite and Aramaic InscriptionsFranz RosenthalBuilding InscriptionsYehimilk of Byblos 294Azitawadda of Adan 294Kilamuwa of Y'dy-Sam'al 296Barrakab of Y'dy-Sam'al 297Cultic InscriptionsBen-Hadad of Damascus 298Kilamuwa of Y'dy-Sam'al 298Zakir of Hamat and Lu'ath 298Yehawmilk of Byblos 299The Marseilles Tariff 300The Carthage Tariff 302Other InscriptionsThe King of Kedar 303Punic Ex-voto Inscriptions 303The Amulet from Arslan Tash 304The Uruk Incantation 305The Treaty between KTK and Arpad 305Ahiram of Byblos 310Agbar, Priest of the Moon-god in Nerab 310Tabnit of Sidon 310Eshmun'azar of Sidon 311Chapter XI: South-Arabian Inscriptions by A. JammeSabaean Inscriptions 313Minaean Inscriptions 315Qatabanian Inscriptions 318Hadrami Inscriptions 320Chapter XII: Egyptian Execration Texts by John A. WilsonThe Execration of Asiatic Princes 322Chapter XIII: Egyptian Hymns by John A. WilsonThe Hymn to the Aton 324Hymn of Victory of Mer-ne-Ptah ("The Israel Stela") 328Chapter XIV: Mesopotamian HymnsSumerian Hymns by S. N. KramerHymn to Ninurta as God of Vegetation 330Hymn to Ninurta as God of Wrath 331Hymnal Prayer of Enheduanna: The Adoration of Inanna of Ur 332The King of the Road: A Self-Laudatory Shulgi Hymn 337An Akkadian Hymn by Ferris J. StephensHymn to Ishtar 341Chapter XV: Didactic and Wisdom LiteratureEgyptian Instructions by John A. WilsonThe Instruction of the Vizier Ptah-hotep 343The Instruction of Amen-em-Opet 346Sumerian Didactic and Wisdom LiteratureMan and His God: A Sumerian Variation of the "Job" Motif by S. N. Kramer 352Proverbs from Mesopotamia by Robert H. Pfeiffer 357Akkadian Didactic and Wisdom LiteratureObservations on Life: A Pessimistic Dialogue between Master and Servant by Robert H. Pfeiffer 358An Akkadian Fable by Robert D. Biggs 360Counsels of Wisdom by Robert D. Biggs 362Ludlul Bel Nemeqi, "I Will Praise the Lord of Wisdom" by Robert D. Biggs 365The Babylonian Theodicy by Robert D. Biggs 374Aramaic Proverbs and PreceptsThe Words of Ahiqar by H. L. Ginsberg 379Chapter XVI: Oracles and PropheciesThe Egyptian Prophecy of Nefer-rohu by John A. Wilson 384Akkadian Oracles and PropheciesDivine Revelations in Letters from Mari and Ashur by William L. Moran 388Oracles concerning Esarhaddon by Robert D. Biggs 398A Letter to Ashurbanipal by Robert D. Biggs 399An Oracular Dream concerning Ashurbanipal by Robert D. Biggs 400Prophecies by Robert D. Biggs 400Chapter XVII: Love PoetryEgyptian Love Songs by John A. Wilson 403Sumerian Love Poetry by S. N. KramerDumuzi and Inanna: Love in the Gipar 404Dumuzi and Inanna: The Ecstasy of Love 406Inanna and the King: Blessing on the Wedding Night 408"The Honey-man": Love-song to a King 410"Set Me Free, My Sister": The Sated Lover 411Chapter XVIII: Other Literary TextsAn Egyptian PoemIn Praise of the City Ramses by John A. Wilson 413Sumerian Literature by S. N. KramerThe Curse of Agade: The Ekur Avenged 414Ua-aua: A Sumerian Lullaby 423Chapter XIX: LettersAkkadian LettersThe Mari Letters by W. F. Albright 427The Amarna Letters by W. F. Albright 429The Substitute King by William L. Moran 443A Happy Reign by William L. Moran 444A Royal Decree of Equity by William L. Moran 444A Letter to a God by William L. Moran 445Punishment by Fire by William L. Moran 445Treaties and Coalitions by William L. Moran 445"The God of My Father" by William L. Moran 446A Loan between Gentlemen by William L. Moran 447A Boy to His Mother by William L. Moran 447Aramaic Letters by H. L. GinsbergLetters of the Jews in Elephantine 448Assignment to a New Lessor of Land Abandoned in the Egyptian Rebellion of 410 B.C. 452Illustration Credits 455Index to Biblical References 457Index 461