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The American Medical Ethics Revolution : How the AMA's Code of Ethics Has Transformed Physicians' Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society - Robert B. Baker

The American Medical Ethics Revolution

How the AMA's Code of Ethics Has Transformed Physicians' Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society

By: Robert B. Baker (Editor), Stephen R. Latham (Editor), Arthur L. Caplan (Editor), Linda L. Emanuel (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 10th November 1999
ISBN: 9780801861703
Number Of Pages: 440
For Ages: 22+ years old

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The American Medical Association enacted its Code of Ethics in 1847, the first such national codification. In this volume, a distinguished group of experts from the fields of medicine, bioethics, and history of medicine reflect on the development of medical ethics in the United States, using historical analyses as a springboard for discussions of the problems of the present, including what the editors call "a sense of moral crisis precipitated by the shift from a system of fee-for-service medicine to a system of fee-for-system medicine, better known as 'managed care.'"

The authors begin with a look at how the medical profession began to consider ethical issues in the 1800s and subsequent developments in the 1900s. They then address the sociological, historical, ethical, and legal aspects of the practice of medicine. Later chapters discuss current and future challenges to medical ethics and professional values. Appendixes display various versions of the AMA's Code of Ethics as it has evolved over time.

Contributors: George J. Annas, J.D., M.P.H., Arthur Isak Applbaum, Ph.D., Robert B. Baker, Ph.D., Chester R. Burns, M.D., Ph.D., Arthur L. Caplan, Ph.D., Alexander Morgan Capron, J.D., Christine K. Cassel, M.D., Linda L. Emanuel, M.D., Ph.D., Eliot L. Freidson, Ph.D., Albert R. Jonsen, Ph.D., Stephen R. Latham, J.D., Ph.D., Susan E. Lederer, Ph.D., Florencia Luna, Ph.D., Edmund D. Pellegrino, M.D., Charles E. Rosenberg, Ph.D., Mark Siegler, M.D., Rosemary A. Stevens, Ph.D., Robert M. Tenery, Jr., M.D., Robert M. Veatch, Ph.D., John Harley Warner, Ph.D., Paul Root Wolpe, Ph.D.

This book will be of value to individuals interested in the history of medicine and the role that codes of ethics have played in that history, in the ethical issues that arise in the promulgation of codes of ethics, and in the way codes of ethics can and can't help us deal with changes brought about by managed care and by breakthroughs in medical technology. -- William B. Irvine * Ethics * This volume gives a good example of how a discussion of the history of medical ethics can provide the grounding for a well-informed debate on present and future problems in professional ethics and health care. -- Andreas-Holger Maehle * Medical History * A sophisticated accoutn of the social and historical processes shaping the AMA Code of Ethics from the late 17th century to the present day. -- Fern Brunger * Canadian Bulletin of Medical History *

Prefacep. ix
Contributorsp. xi
Introductionp. xiii
American Medical Ethics: Historical Reflections
Setting the Stage: Moral Philosophy, Benjamin Rush, and Medical Ethics in the United States before 1846p. 3
The American Medical Ethics Revolutionp. 17
The 1880s Rebellion against the AMA Code of Ethics: "Scientific Democracy" and the Dissolution of Orthodoxyp. 52
The Challenge of Specialism in the 1900sp. 70
Medical Ethics and the Media: Oaths, Codes, and Popular Culturep. 91
Professionalism and Professional Ethics
One Hundred Fifty Years Later: The Moral Status and Relevance of the AMA Code of Ethicsp. 107
Professionalism and Institutional Ethicsp. 124
Doctor, Schmocter: Practice Positivism and Its Complicationsp. 144
Who Should Control the Scope and Nature of Medical Ethics?p. 158
Medical Ethics as a Medical Matterp. 171
Professionalism and Professional Ethicsp. 180
Who Needs Physicians' Professional Ethics?p. 192
Current Challenges to Medical Ethics
Codes Visible and Invisible: The Twentieth-Century Fate of a Nineteenth-Century Codep. 207
Alternative Medicine and the AMAp. 218
The Challenge of Serving Both Patient and Populacep. 240
The Challenge of Universal Access to Health Care with Limited Resourcesp. 252
Future Challenges to Biomedical Ethics
Future Challenges to Medical Ethics and Professional Valuesp. 263
Can Ethics Help Guide the Future of Biomedicine?p. 272
Bioethics in the Developing World: National Responsibilities and International Collaborationp. 285
Medical Ethics and Human Rights: Reflections on the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Nuremberg Codep. 297
AMA Codes and Principles of Medical Ethics, 1847-1997
Note to 1847 Conventionp. 315
Introduction to the 1847 Code of Ethicsp. 317
Code of Ethics (1847)p. 324
Principles of Medical Ethics (1903)p. 335
Principles of Medical Ethics (1912)p. 346
Principles of Medical Ethics (1957)p. 355
Principles of Medical Ethics (1980)p. 358
Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship (1990/1994)p. 360
Selected Opinions and Reports (Opinions 7.03 and 8.061; Reports on "Financial Incentives and the Practice of Medicine" and "Sexual Misconduct in the Practice of Medicine")p. 362
Indexp. 389
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780801861703
ISBN-10: 0801861705
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 440
Published: 10th November 1999
Publisher: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.06 x 15.72  x 2.82
Weight (kg): 0.74