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The American Ideology : A Critique - Andrew Levine

The American Ideology

A Critique

Paperback Published: 1st June 2004
ISBN: 9780415945509
Number Of Pages: 184

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"The American Ideology" explicates and criticizes two notions of reason in society: efficiency and the concept of "the reasonable." Despite their considerable appeal, these notions nowadays underwrite an orientation towards public policy that is both inadequate and beneficial to elite interests; an orientation that constitutes a distinct "American Ideology."
To make this case, Levine traces the history of the concept of efficiency, from Hobbes, through the utilitarian tradition, to contemporary economic and philosophical paradigms; and examines the strengths and weaknesses of the democratic theory implicit in John Rawls's pioneering work on justice and political legitimacy.

Reasonp. 13
The idea of reasonp. 14
The death of Socratesp. 16
Is reason bad for the oppressed?p. 19
Ideologyp. 25
Natural selectionp. 26
The spirit of capitalismp. 27
The Protestant ethicp. 28
An optimal ethicp. 31
Weber's leadp. 34
Protestant ethic versus American ideologyp. 36
Means-ends rationalityp. 39
The individual and societyp. 40
The new sciencep. 42
Hobbesian sovereigntyp. 44
Optimalityp. 47
Utilitarianismp. 49
Efficiencyp. 52
Macrolevel consequences of microlevelp. 55
The invisible handp. 59
Smith was (partly) rightp. 60
Market socialismp. 65
Information deficitsp. 69
Shades of hayekp. 71
Externalitiesp. 72
Market incompetencesp. 74
Competitionp. 76
Economics of scalep. 76
Conclusionp. 76
Efficiency as ideologyp. 79
Efficiency and the Soviet modelp. 80
Problems of planned economiesp. 83
Market solutions?p. 85
Efficiency reifiedp. 86
Who benefits?p. 89
A vicious circlep. 93
The reasonablep. 95
Liberalismp. 96
From tolerance to neutralityp. 99
The neutral and the reasonablep. 102
Social unityp. 105
Reasonablenessp. 108
Deliberative democracyp. 113
Collective choicep. 114
Rousseauean theoriesp. 115
Proceduralismp. 118
Rousseau without the general willp. 122
Implementationp. 126
Must we retract democracy in order to save it?p. 129
Conclusionp. 130
Which way forward?p. 133
Deweyan reconstructionp. 135
Democratizing the economic spherep. 139
Reconstructing Rawlsp. 141
What is to be done?p. 144
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415945509
ISBN-10: 041594550X
Series: Pathways Through the Twenty-First Century
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 184
Published: 1st June 2004
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.27
Edition Number: 1