This book offers a comprehensive, updated overlook of the efforts to protection of the Amazon, home to half of the world's remaining tropical forests. In the past five years, the Basin's countries have become the cutting edge of environmental enforcement through formation of constitutional protections, military operations, stringent laws, police forces, judicial procedures and societal efforts that together break through barriers that have long restrained decisive action. Even such advances, though, struggle to curb devastation by oil extraction, mining, logging, dams, pollution, and other forms of ecocide. In every country, environmental protection is crippled by politics, bureaucracy, unclear laws, untrained officials, small budgets, regional rivalries, inter-ministerial competition, collusion with criminals, and the global demand for oils and minerals. Countries are better at creating environmental agencies, that is, than making sure that they work. This book explains why, with country studies written by those on the front lines-from national enforcement directors to biologists and activists.
1. Introduction: The Evolution of Environmental EnforcementMark Ungar 2. Amazonia, Organized Crime and Illegal Deforestation: Best Practices for the Protection of the Brazilian Amazon RainforestFranco Perazzoni 3. Deforestation in the Bolivian Amazon: The Case of the El Chore Forest Reserve in Santa Cruz DepartmentManlio Alberto Roca Zamora 4. Peru: A Legal Enforcement Model for the AmazonHugo R. Gomez Apac, Maria Antonieta Merino de Taboada, and Milagros Granados Mandujano 5. Ecuador: Rainforest Under SiegeVictor Lopez A. 6. Colombia: Bridging the Gaps between What Is Needed and What Actually Exists Regarding the Protection of its AmazonAna Maria Hernandez Salgar and Luz Marina Mantilla Cardenas 7. Environmental Penal Control in Venezuela: Amazonia and the Orinoco Mining ArcManuel Joel Diaz 8. Suriname: An Exposed InteriorKatia Delvoye, Minu Parahoe, and Hermes Libretto