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Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific : A Conservation Assessment - Eric Wikramanayake

Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific

A Conservation Assessment

Paperback Published: 1st December 2001
ISBN: 9781559639231
Number Of Pages: 824

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"This book, along with its companions in this series, takes an ecoregional approach, dividing large regions into small, distinct units, each with its characteristic species, ecosystems, natural history, and threats. As such, it has no peers. It is the sourcebook for anyone who must look for where and how to act to save the variety of life on Earth." --from the foreword by Stuart L. Pimm

A number of conservation groups, including World Wildlife Fund, have in recent years adopted an approach to conservation that uses ecoregions to identify biological and conservation priority areas. Ecoregions define distinct ecosystems that share broadly similar environmental conditions and natural communities; as such, they make more sense for priority-setting efforts than do political units such as countries or provinces.

Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific offers a comprehensive examination of the state of the Indo-Pacific's biodiversity and habitats, moving beyond endangered or charismatic species to quantify for the first time the number of mammal and bird species, including endemics, in each ecoregion.

The book begins with a discussion of the background and basis for ecoregion delineation and definition of the objectives and approach used. Following that, chapters describe the biological distinctiveness and conservation status of ecoregions, quantifying the amount of habitat remaining, how it is distributed, and how much is protected. The analysis concludes with a set of ecoregions that deserve immediate attention and also highlights ecoregions that are still in relatively pristine condition. Substantial appendixes offer detailed descriptions of each ecoregion, including information on:

  • unique features of the ecoregion that set it apart from others
  • its biological distinctiveness, threats to habitats and wildlife, and important sites for conservation
  • an agenda and recommendations for where conservation efforts should be concentrated

Short essays by regional experts -- including Derek Holmes, Tony Whitten, Indraneil Das, Walter Erdelen, John Seidensticker, Joyotee Smith, Kathy MacKinnon, and others -- address special topics relating to finer-scale conservation issues or ecological processes that are typically overlooked in a regional-scale analysis.

List of Special Essaysp. xiii
List of Figuresp. xv
List of Tablesp. xix
List of Boxesp. xxi
Acronymsp. xxiii
Forewordp. xxv
Prefacep. xxvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxix
Nature's End or a New Beginning?p. 1
Assessment Overviewp. 3
Structure of the Bookp. 7
Assembling the Ecological Jigsaw Puzzle: The Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacificp. 17
Delineation of Ecoregions and Geographic Scope of the Studyp. 17
Geographic Scopep. 18
Themesp. 19
Delineating Bioregionsp. 21
Delineating Biomesp. 24
Delineating Ecoregionsp. 25
Representation of Ecoregions and Biomes in the Indo-Pacific Regionp. 26
Representation or Triage? Approaches to Setting Conservation Priorities in the Indo-Pacific Regionp. 39
Biological Distinctiveness Index (BDI)p. 39
Conservation Status Index (CSI)p. 41
Threat Analysisp. 44
Integrating Biological Distinctiveness and Conservation Statusp. 45
Guidelines for Using the Integration Matrixp. 46
Use of Proxies to Develop Indicesp. 46
Biodiversity Representation or Triage?p. 47
Where Is Biodiversity Distributed?p. 61
Broad Patterns in Biological Distinctivenessp. 62
A Closer Look at the Indo-Pacific's Natural Wealthp. 65
Ecoregions, Hotspots, and EBAs: Concordance and Overlapp. 85
Concordance of Biological Priorities: The Overriding Importance of Indonesian Ecoregionsp. 89
Where Is Biodiversity under Greatest Threat?p. 99
Snapshot Conservation Status: How Much Habitat Remains in Indo-Pacific Ecoregions?p. 100
Threat-Modified Conservation Status: Projecting Future Integrity of Ecoregionsp. 109
Overarching Threatsp. 109
Degradation Threats: Human Population Density and Distributionp. 111
High-Intensity Threats: Logging Concessions and Habitat Lossp. 115
Final Conservation Statusp. 118
What to Save First? Setting Priorities for Biodiversity Conservationp. 139
The Priority-Setting Matrixp. 140
Regional and Bioregional Trendsp. 140
The Priority Portfoliop. 140
Summaryp. 158
Solutions to the Biodiversity Crisis Facing the Indo-Pacific Regionp. 165
Big Conservation: The Next Frontierp. 165
Conservation Planning and Action at the Ecoregion Scalep. 165
Landscape-Scale Conservationp. 168
Innovative Mechanisms to Achieve Conservation Gainsp. 173
Reevaluating Existing Mechanisms in a New Lightp. 175
Bold Leadership: Who Will Be the Next Indira Gandhi of the Indo-Pacific?p. 177
Nature's End or a New Beginning?p. 177
Details on Ecoregion Delineationp. 193
Terrestrial Biome Descriptionsp. 203
Methods for Assessing the Biological Distinctiveness of Terrestrial Ecoregionsp. 209
Methods for Assessing the Conservation Status of Terrestrial Ecoregionsp. 213
Summary of Ecoregion Scores for Species Richness, Endemism, and Biological Distinctiveness Indexp. 219
Summary of Ecoregion Scores for the Conservation Status Index and Integration Matrixp. 225
Habitat Types by Ecoregionp. 231
Near-Endemic and Strict Endemic Mammals by Ecoregionp. 243
Near-Endemic and Strict Endemic Birds by Ecoregionp. 255
Ecoregion Descriptionsp. 281
Glossaryp. 601
Literature Cited and Consultedp. 607
Authorsp. 631
Contributorsp. 633
Indexp. 637
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781559639231
ISBN-10: 1559639237
Series: World Wildlife Fund Ecoregion Assessments
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 824
Published: 1st December 2001
Publisher: ISLAND PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 28.0 x 21.6  x 4.45
Weight (kg): 1.53