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Tensions and Transitions in the Muslim World - Louay M. Safi

Tensions and Transitions in the Muslim World

Paperback

Published: 1st December 2003
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Tensions and Transitions in the Muslim World provides an alternative reading of Middle Eastern politics and political culture by focusing on the dynamics of change, and examining the role of Islam in the emerging modern Middle East. Louay Safi contends that by focusing on radical and traditionalist Islam, Middle East specialists often overlook the liberal manifestations of Islam, which, though marginalized, constitute the driving force in the sociopolitical development of the Middle East. To capture the dynamics of progress in the Middle East, Safi examines the impact of the ideological struggle and intellectual debate between the forces of modernism and Islamic traditionalism on the transformation of mainstream society, and delineates the emerging sociopolitical outlooks and orientations, locked in a fierce struggle for the heart and soul of the Middle East.

.... it nevertheless is a valuable contribution to contemporary debates over Islamic reform in general and political Islam in particular. Safi's attempts to overcome the dichotomous and polarized notions of what an Islamic political program entails by concentrating on the rich experiences and intellectual traditions of Islamic reformism that are conducive to formulating and articulating a pluralistic and democratic politics is particularly useful to the reader.--Samer Abboud, Ph.D. Candidate, Middle East Studies Institue of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, United Kingdom "American Journal of Islamic Social Studies "

Prefacep. vii
Introductionp. ix
Democratization and the Islamic Statep. 1
Islam and the Secular Statep. 5
The Origin of Secularismp. 6
Decoupling Islamic Law and the Statep. 8
The Formative Principles of the Madinah Statep. 10
Religion and the State in Historical Muslim Societyp. 13
Differentiating Civil Society and the Statep. 14
Islam, Civil Society, and the Statep. 16
State and Society in Traditional Islamp. 19
Historical Backgroundp. 19
Defining the Statep. 21
The Nature of State Powerp. 22
Political Consensus (Ijma' Siyasi)p. 23
The Purpose of the State in Islamp. 24
The Organization of State Powersp. 26
The Scope of State Powersp. 28
Conclusionp. 30
Visions of Reformp. 35
Competing Visions of Reformp. 37
Historical Patterns of Islamic Reformp. 37
Distortions in the Political Spherep. 38
... And in the Intellectual Spherep. 39
Culture-Structure Interplayp. 41
Decoupling Civilization and Culturep. 42
The Nationalist-Secularist Modelp. 46
The Moralist-Islamist Modelp. 48
Conclusionp. 51
Arab Nationalism: Forging a New Political Identityp. 53
European Roots of Arab Nationalismp. 54
The Romanticist Substance of Arabismp. 57
Communal Pluralismp. 60
The Ottomans and Their Heirsp. 61
Nation-States in Multinational Societyp. 64
Conclusionp. 65
Islamic Reform and Radicalismp. 67
The Intellectual Phasep. 69
The Populist Phasep. 72
The Revolutionary Phasep. 79
Islamic Radicalismp. 82
Conclusionp. 84
Islam Law and Human Rightsp. 87
Islamic Law (Shari'ah) and Societyp. 91
The Purpose of Shari'ahp. 93
The Development of Shari'ahp. 94
Classical Legal Theoryp. 97
Islamic Law and Societyp. 101
Conclusionp. 103
Human Rights and Islamic Legal Reformp. 105
Historical Shari'ah and Its Modern Criticsp. 106
Dignity, Reciprocity, and Universal Claimsp. 109
Classical Legal Theory: Three Fault Linesp. 112
The Imperative of Rational Mediation of Islamic Sourcesp. 115
Freedom of Convictionp. 118
Religious Equality and Moral Autonomyp. 120
Women's Rights: Public Equality and Family Privacyp. 122
Conclusionp. 125
Human Rights and Cross-Cultural Dialoguep. 129
The Making of a Hegemonic Discoursep. 130
The Purpose of Human Rights: From Autonomy to Paternalismp. 135
Cultural Dynamism and the Logic of Islamic Reformp. 138
Universalism and the Imperative of Cultural Mediationp. 143
Preconditions of True Cross-Cultural Dialoguep. 146
Human Rights, Cultural Reform, and Political Participationp. 150
Islam in a Global Orderp. 153
Islam and the West: Resurgence and Ambivalencep. 157
World Order: Continuity and Changep. 158
Contemplating Islam: Apprehension and Anxietyp. 160
US Foreign Policy and Its Principlesp. 162
Ambivalence Between Interests and Idealsp. 164
US Policy Toward the Middle Eastp. 165
US Policy Toward Terrorismp. 167
US Policy Toward Islamp. 169
Rethinking US Foreign Policyp. 171
Global Peace and American Leadershipp. 172
The Covenant of Medinap. 175
Universal Declaration of Human Rightsp. 179
Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rightsp. 187
Notesp. 199
Glossaryp. 215
Bibliographyp. 221
Indexp. 227
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780761827221
ISBN-10: 0761827226
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 230
Published: 1st December 2003
Publisher: UNIV PR OF AMER
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.32