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Technology, Crime and Justice : The Question Concerning Technomia - Michael McGuire

Technology, Crime and Justice

The Question Concerning Technomia

Paperback Published: 3rd July 2012
ISBN: 9781843928560
Number Of Pages: 284

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As technology comes to characterize our world in ever more comprehensive ways there are increasing questions about how the 'rights' and 'wrongs' of technological use can be adequately categorized. To date, the scope of such questions have been limited - focused upon specific technologies such as the internet, or bio-technology with little sense of any social or historical continuities in the way technology in general has been regulated.

In this book, for the first time, the 'question of technology' and its relation to criminal justice is approached as a whole. Technology, Crime and Justice analyzes a range of technologies, (including information, communications, nuclear, biological, transport and weapons technologies, amongst many others) in order to pose three interrelated questions about their affects upon criminal justice and criminal opportunity:

    • to what extent can they really be said to provide new criminal opportunity or to enhance existing ones?
    • what are the key characteristics of the ways in which such technologies have been regulated?
    • how does technology itself serve as a regulatory force - both in crime control and social control more widely?

Technology, Crime and Justice considers the implications of contemporary technology for the practice of criminal justice and relates them to key historical precedents in the way technology has been interpreted and controlled. It outlines a new 'social' way of thinking about technology - in terms of its affects upon our bodies and what they can do, most obviously the ways in which social life and our ability to causally interact with the world is 'extended' in various ways. It poses the question - could anything like a 'Technomia' of technology be identified - a recognizable set of principles and sanctions which govern the way that it is produced and used, principles also consistent with our sense of justice?

This book provides a key resource for students and scholars of both criminology and technology studies.

List of illustrationsp. ix
Introduction: the question concerning technomiap. 1
Technology and its technomiap. 7
Technology as "crime": fire-theft, and subverting the divine orderp. 7
Conceptualising and classifying technologyp. 9
Skill, making and revealing: the classical account of technologyp. 12
Transforming technology: industrialisation, progress and doubtp. 13
Contemporary views of technology (I): Heidegger and phenomenological conceptionsp. 17
Contemporary views of technology (II): networks, posthumanity and controlp. 18
The technological norm: engineering, efficiency and disasterp. 20
Technological extensionp. 21
Technology as enablement: extension and rangep. 23
Technology, crime and justice (I): crime, regulation and technological controlp. 25
Technology, crime and justice (II): technomiap. 27
Technomia and justicep. 28
Foundations: from eotechnic justice to industrial controlp. 31
Pre-industrial technological crime: patterns and portentsp. 31
Pre-industrial "hi-tech" crime?p. 36
Regulating technology in the pre-industrial erap. 39
Pre-industial technology control and regulation by technologyp. 43
Control and early ICTsp. 44
Premodern bio-control: disciplining the bodyp. 45
Industrialisation, Luddism and the new technomiap. 47
Urbanisation, crime and control: the new spaces of crimep. 49
Hi-tech crime and control in the nineteenth centuryp. 51
A technomia for the industrial agep. 56
Tele-crime?: Misusing information and communication technologiesp. 57
Communication & information: putting the IT in ICTp. 57
ICT-enabled crime: some initial assumptionsp. 58
Digital crimes against the person: primary physical harmp. 59
Digital crimes against the person: secondary or indirect physical harmp. 61
Digital crimes against the person: ICTs and psychological harmp. 63
ICTs, theft and fraudp. 66
Theft as access to value networks: four contemporary optionsp. 68
Access by "open door": incompetence in the financial and security sectorsp. 71
Crimes against the extended community: terrorism and anti-social behaviours onlinep. 73
Modelling ICT-enabled crime: "cybercrime"?p. 76
Hyperspatialisation, hypercrime and other modelsp. 80
Trends in ICT-enabled crime: organisation, automation and agentsp. 81
Tele-control: from police whistles to the surveillance societyp. 84
Towards modern ICTs: the emergence of surveillance and instant responsep. 84
Communication and coordinationp. 87
Listening, watching, sensing and trackingp. 90
Storing and processing knowledge: the database state?p. 96
Communications and knowledge: evidence, pattern and interpretationp. 100
Dispensing justicep. 102
Beyond surveillance?: ICTs, justice and the order of invisibilityp. 105
Micro-crimes: misusing chemical, biological and nuclear technologiesp. 110
The emergence of "micro-crime" in modernityp. 110
Industiialised war (I): chemistry, biology and physics on the battlefieldp. 114
Industrialised war (II): the Second World War - the new laboratory of micro-crimep. 116
The post war period, emerging criminalities and problems of controlp. 118
Analysing contemporary micro-crimep. 119
Research and development (R&D)p. 122
Risk, CBNTs and the production processp. 123
Outputs: the problem of toxicityp. 126
CBNTs and individual offenders: mad gassers, poisoners and dirty bombsp. 127
CBNTs and collective offenders: big (bad) pharmap. 131
Engineering the very small: biotechnology, nanotechnology and new horizons in micro-crimep. 133
Micro-control: CBNTs and the bio-chemical citizenp. 137
The body as a control devicep. 137
Bio-chemical justice?: The emergence of forensic sciencep. 138
Contemporary forensic science and its problemsp. 139
Fingerprinting and the question of infallibilityp. 144
Extending fingerprinting into social controlp. 146
The body as a control device: biometricsp. 148
Micro-authentication: DNA profilingp. 149
DNA profiling: problems of fallibility?p. 152
The body as a control device: reading intentionp. 154
Reading the brainp. 157
Futures: matter control and the bio-chemical citizenp. 159
Of hammers, hairdryers and handguns: mid- and multi-range technologiesp. 164
Mid- and multi-range technologiesp. 165
Crimes with mid-range technologiesp. 167
Everyday mid-range crimes and their controlp. 168
Violence and personal gainp. 169
Mid-range technologies and other criminal harmsp. 171
Mid-range technologies: risk, safety and liabilityp. 173
Performance enhancement: criminalities and rule breakingp. 176
Multi-range technologies: the weaponp. 182
Gun and knife crime and controlp. 183
Hi-tech weaponry and criminalityp. 186
"Less-than-lethal" weapons technology and controlp. 188
Conclusionp. 189
Technology, science and justicep. 191
Technocentrism in criminal justice: questions and justificationsp. 192
Law, science and technology: science as the gold standardp. 194
Techno-legal dystopianismp. 195
Technological descriptivism and evaluating the alternativesp. 197
Science, technology and justice: bad science?p. 198
The science-technology connectionp. 201
Law, technology and sciencep. 203
Criminal justice, law and technomiap. 207
Technological regulationp. 208
Regulation by technologyp. 210
The question concerning technomiap. 215
Technological offendingp. 215
Technological controlp. 218
Justice, technological justice and technomiap. 220
Notesp. 224
Bibliographyp. 227
Indexp. 278
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781843928560
ISBN-10: 1843928566
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 284
Published: 3rd July 2012
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.11 x 15.49  x 1.78
Weight (kg): 0.45
Edition Number: 1