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Taxes and Unemployment : Collective Bargaining and Efficiency Wage Models - Laszlo Goerke

Taxes and Unemployment

Collective Bargaining and Efficiency Wage Models

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Published: 30th November 2001
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This chapter has set out in detail the models which are employed below in order to analyse the labour market effects of changes in tax rates and in alterations in the tax structure. The fundamental mechanisms underlying the different approaches have been pointed out. Moreover, vital assumptions have been emphasised. By delineating the models which are used for the subsequent analyses, implicitly statements have also been made about topics or aspects which this study does not cover. For example, all workers and firms are identical ex­ ante. However, ex-post differences are allowed for, inter alia, if unemploy­ ment occurs or if some firms have to close down. These restrictions indicate areas of future research insofar as that the findings for homogeneous workers or firms yield an unambiguous proposal for changes in tax rates or the tax structure in order to promote employment. This is because it would be desir­ able for tax policy to know whether the predicted effects also hold in a world with ex-ante heterogeneity. Furthermore, the product market has not played a role. Therefore, repercussions from labour markets outcomes on product demand - and vice versa - are absent. 55 Moreover, neither the process of capital accumulation, be it physical or human capital, nor substitution pos­ sibilities between labour and capital in the firms' production function are taken into account. Finally, international competition is not modelled.

List of Tables
List of Figures
Aims and Scopep. 1
Basic Modelsp. 5
Fundamental Assumptionsp. 5
Competitive Labour Marketp. 14
Union-Firm Interactionp. 16
Efficiency Wage Modelsp. 47
Income Taxesp. 61
Competitive Labour Marketp. 63
Wage Bargaining with Exogenous Trade Union Membershipp. 67
Efficient Bargainingp. 81
Wage Bargaining with Endogenous Trade Union Membershipp. 88
Efficiency Wagesp. 97
Income Taxes in Imperfectly Competitive Labour Marketsp. 115
Taxes on Labour Costsp. 121
Competitive Labour Marketp. 122
Wage Bargaining with Exogenous Trade Union Membershipp. 125
Efficient Bargainingp. 144
Wage Bargaining with Endogenous Trade Union Membershipp. 152
Efficiency Wagesp. 162
Taxes on Labour Costs in Imperfectly Competitive Labour Marketsp. 191
Tax on Revenuesp. 197
Competitive Labour Marketp. 198
Wage Bargaining with Exogenous Trade Union Membershipp. 199
Efficient Bargainingp. 202
Wage Bargaining with Endogenous Trade Union Membershipp. 204
Efficiency Wagesp. 207
Tax on Revenues in Imperfectly Competitive Labour Marketsp. 212
Comprehensive Tax Reformsp. 215
The Wedge between Labour Costs and Net Wagesp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792374404
ISBN-10: 0792374401
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 302
Published: 30th November 2001
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.66