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Talk is Cheap : Sarcasm, Alienation, and the Evolution of Language - John Haiman

Talk is Cheap

Sarcasm, Alienation, and the Evolution of Language

Paperback

Published: 1st December 1998
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Putting aside questions of truth and falsehood, the old "talk is cheap" maxim carries as much weight as ever. Indeed, perhaps more. For one need not be an expert in irony or sarcasm to realize that people don't necessarily mean what they say. Phrases such as "Yeah, right" and "I could care less" are so much a part of the way we speak--and the way we live--that we are more likely to notice when they are absent (for example, Forrest Gump). From our everyday dialogues and conversations ("Thanks a lot ") to the screenplays of our popular films (Pulp Fiction), what is said is frequently very different from what is meant.
Talk is Cheap begins with this telling observation and proceeds to argue that such "unplain speaking" is fundamentally embedded in the way we now talk. Author John Haiman traces this sea-change in our use of language to the emergence of a postmodern "divided self" who is hyper-conscious that what he or she is saying has been said before; "cheap talk" thus allows us to distance ourselves from a social role with which we are uncomfortable. Haiman goes on to examine the full range of these pervasive distancing mechanisms, from clichA(c)s and quotation marks to camp and parody. Also, and importantly, Haiman highlights several ways in which language is evolving (and has evolved) from non-linguistic behavior. In other words, this study shows us how what we are saying is continually separating itself from how we say it.
As provocative as it is timely, the book will be fascinating reading for students of linguistics, literature, communication, anthropology, philosophy, and popular culture.

"After nearly two decades, John Haiman's Talk Is Cheap: Sarcasm, Alienation, and the Evolution of Language remains a valuable tool as an encyclopedia of sarcasm, enumerating the ways in which speakers use and mark its expression. This book also serves as a great resource for literary and cross- linguistic examples of the various facets of sarcasm." --merican Journal of Psychology

Introduction: The Cheapness of Talkp. 3
Sarcasm and the Postmodern Sensibilityp. 12
Sarcasm and Its Neighborsp. 18
The Metamessage "I Don't Mean This"p. 28
Alienation and the Divided Selfp. 61
Reflexives as Grammatical Signs of the Divided Selfp. 67
Un-Plain Speakingp. 80
The Thing in Itselfp. 100
Zen Semanticsp. 128
Nonlinguistic Ritualizationp. 138
Ritualization in Languagep. 147
Metalinguistic Ritualizationp. 173
Reification and Innatenessp. 186
Postscriptp. 190
Questionnaire for Eliciting Sarcasmp. 193
Referencesp. 195
Indexp. 213
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195115253
ISBN-10: 0195115252
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 232
Published: 1st December 1998
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.37