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Systematic Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry : A Directory to Comprehension and Application of Its Basic Principles - Dieter Hellwinkel

Systematic Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry

A Directory to Comprehension and Application of Its Basic Principles

Paperback Published: 27th March 2001
ISBN: 9783540411383
Number Of Pages: 230

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Hellwinkel gives a short and general introduction to the systematic nomenclature of organic compounds. On the basis of carefully selected examples it offers simple and concise guidelines for the generation of systematic compound names as codified by the IUPAC rules. Besides the most common compound classes important special areas such as cyclophanes, carbohydrates, organometallic and isotopically modified compounds and stereochemical specifications are dealt with. In cases where there is not yet a finalised set of IUPAC rules, possibilities for logical and desirable extensions of existing rules are outlined. Likewise, deviations from Chemical Abstracts and Beilstein index names are noted, if significant. The German version (4th edition) is meanwhile a longseller.

From the reviews:

"A good text on this subject should be clear (ambiguity is not desirable) concise and authoritative. Hellwinkel's book, Systematic nomenclature of organic chemistry, is all of these. (...) Had I bought this text as an undergraduate it would now be sitting on my desk looking dog-eared and thoroughly worn-out. This will be the sort of book which will constantly be useful."
Ian Farrell
Journal: Chemistry World, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Vol. 1, Issue 4, Page 61

"Chemical nomenclature is rather like visiting the dentist: nobody enjoys it ... . A good text on this subject should be clear (ambiguity is not desirable) concise and authoritative. Hellwinkel's book, Systematic nomenclature of organic chemistry, is all of these. ... Had I bought this text as an undergraduate it would now be sitting on my desk looking dog-eared and thoroughly worn-out. This will be the sort of book which will constantly be useful." (Ian Farrell, Chemistry World, Vol. 1 (4), April, 2004)

"Hellwinkel has produced a brief but comprehensive introduction to the systematic nomenclature of organic compounds. ... Using the current recommendations of The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), Hellwinkel offers simple and concise guidelines for producing systematic names ... . The book contains a comprehensive list of current references and will be suitable for undergraduate or graduate students of organic chemistry. Anyone who needs to create or interpret the names found in the ... literature would find this book to be useful." (Patton M. Giles, Jr., Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 123 (46), 2004)

"This book ... is reasonably tightly focused on those aspects of organic nomenclature most likely to be encountered for 'typical' molecules and, because it is soft-cover, has a very attractive price ... . Recommended systematic nomenclature is covered in good detail ... . The book includes 35 tables containing many example molecules. ... The index ... includes functional group suffixes, making it possible to use the book in the reverse mode of assigning molecular structure with a name already in hand." (C.J. Cramer and D.G. Truhlar, Theoretical Chemistry, Vol. 107 (2), 2002)

"Hellwinkel's approach to organic nomenclature mirrors IUPAC nomenclature ... . The demonstration of the nomenclature rules ... is most instructive as it surveys and applies the general nomenclature principles behind the naming conventions. ... The beginner, non-specialist and expert chemist will find the survey of the guidelines and examples provided in this book very instructive and invaluable in providing solutions to nomenclature problems." (Helmut M. Hugel, Chemistry in Australia, 2001)

"This book gives a short and general introduction to the systematic nomenclature of organic compounds. On the basis of carefully selected examples it offers simple and concise guidelines for the generation of systematic compound names codified by the IUPAC rules. ... the author's motivation for writing this book is his conviction that a basic insight into the language of chemistry is a vital part of every chemist's basic training." (LabPlus International, Vol. 15 (3), 2001)

Introductionp. 1
Literaturep. 4
Parent Structuresp. 7
Acyclic Hydrocarbon Systemsp. 7
Linear Systemsp. 7
Branched Systemsp. 9
Systems with Branched Side Chainsp. 10
Multivalent Substituent Groupsp. 12
Cyclic Systemsp. 13
Cyclic Hydrocarbon Systemsp. 13
Monocyclic Hydrocarbonsp. 13
Polycyclic Hydrocarbonsp. 14
Fused Polycyclic Hydrocarbonsp. 14
Bridged Polycyclic Hydrocarbonsp. 29
von Baeyer Systemp. 29
Bridged Fused Systemsp. 32
Spirocyclic Hydrocarbon Systemsp. 34
Hydrocarbon Ring Systems Linked Through Single or Double Bonds; Ring Assembliesp. 38
Cyclic Hydrocarbons with Side Chainsp. 41
Heterocyclic Systemsp. 43
Trivial Namesp. 43
Replacement Nomenclature ("a" Nomenclature)p. 51
The Hantzsch-Widman Systemp. 54
Fused Heterocyclic Systemsp. 57
Phane Nomenclaturep. 68
Cyclophanesp. 68
Other Phanesp. 73
Substituted Systemsp. 75
Preliminary General Remarksp. 75
Nomenclature Types for Substituted Systemsp. 76
Substitutive Nomenclaturep. 76
Functional Class Names (Formerly: Radiofunctional Nomenclature)p. 84
Additive Nomenclaturep. 85
Subtractive Nomenclaturep. 88
Conjunctive Nomenclaturep. 91
Naming of Substituted Assemblies of Identical Unitsp. 92
Components with direct Linkagep. 93
Identical Components Bound to Di-or Polyvalent Groupsp. 94
Naming of Radical and Ionic Speciesp. 96
Free Radicalsp. 96
Cationsp. 99
Radical Cations (Cation Radicals)p. 104
Anionsp. 105
Radical Anions (Anion Radicals)p. 107
Compounds with Two (are More) Identically Charged Centersp. 108
Compounds with Positively and Negatively Charged Centers (Zwitterions)p. 109
Brief Demonstration of the General Nomenclature Rules for the Most Important Traditional Compound Classes (Functional Parents)p. 112
Carboxylic Acids, Sulfonic Acids etc. and their Derivativesp. 112
Nitriles, Isocyanates, and Similar Compoundsp. 119
Aldehydes and Ketonesp. 120
Alcohols, Phenols, and their Derivativesp. 126
Ethers and Thioethersp. 130
Amines, Imines, and their Derivativesp. 133
Halogen Derivativesp. 137
Compounds with Nitrogen Chainsp. 138
Azo-and Azoxy Compoundsp. 138
Hydrazines and their Derivativesp. 141
Diazo-and Diazonium Compoundsp. 142
Compounds with Chains of Three or More Nitrogen Atomsp. 143
Other Polynitrogen Parent Systemsp. 144
Metalorganic and Metalloidorganic Compoundsp. 146
Element Hydride (Elementane) Namesp. 146
Functionally Substituted Elementanesp. 149
Elementanes with Repeating Diadsp. 149
Organic Derivatives of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals and Comparable Compoundsp. 150
"ate" Complexesp. 153
Carbohydratesp. 155
Aldosesp. 155
Ketosesp. 158
Ketoaldoses (Aldoketoses, Aldosuloses)p. 160
Deoxy Sugarsp. 161
Amino Sugars and Analogously Substituted Derivativesp. 162
Transformations of the Carbonyl Functionsp. 162
Oximes, Hydrazones, Osazonesp. 162
Acetals, Ketalsp. 163
Branched Sugarsp. 163
Sugar Alcohols (Alditols)p. 164
Acids Derived from Sugarsp. 165
O-Substitutionp. 168
O-Substitution with Alkyl and Acyl Groupsp. 168
Cyclic Acetals and Ketalsp. 168
Monosaccharides as Substituent Groupsp. 169
Glycosides and Glycosyl Compoundsp. 170
Glycosidesp. 170
Glycosyl Compoundsp. 172
Oligosaccharidesp. 173
Oligosaccharides with Free Hemiacetal Groupp. 173
Oligosaccharides without Free Hemiacetal Groupp. 174
Polysaccharides (Glycans)p. 175
Customary Trivial Namesp. 176
Construction of the Names of Complex Compoundhain (Main or Senior Chain)p. 178
Determination of the Highest Ranked Chain (Main or Senior Chain)p. 178
Determination of the Most Senior Ring Systemp. 179
Treatment of the Most Senior Characteristic Group in the Light of the Two Preceding Paragraphsp. 180
Numberingp. 181
Order of Prefixesp. 182
Isotopically Modified Compoundsp. 183
Specifications of Stereochemistryp. 186
cis/trans Isomerism; the Z/E-Conventionp. 186
Double Bond Systemsp. 187
Ring Systemsp. 188
Specification of Absolute and Relative Configurationp. 189
Compounds with Stereogenic (Formerly Asymmetric) Carbon (and Analogous) Centersp. 189
Compounds with Helical Stereogenic Unitsp. 193
Screw-like Molecules (One Chirality Axis)p. 193
Propeller-like Molecules (Several Chirality Axes)p. 194
Molecules Exhibiting Planar Chiralityp. 196
Concluding Remarksp. 197
Appendixp. 198
Complete List of "a" Terms Utilized in Replacement and Heterane Nomenclaturep. 198
Tables of Customary Trivial (and Semitrivial) Namesp. 199
Subject Indexp. 219
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540411383
ISBN-10: 3540411380
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 230
Published: 27th March 2001
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 20.73 x 13.82  x 1.35
Weight (kg): 0.27

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