This book examines the modern history of post-mandatory Syria. The evolution of the Syrian ideology and policy of neutralism since the early stages of the Cold War is explained, and the effects that Arab neutralism had on shaping Syria’s foreign policy and the shaping of its national identity are identified.
The phenomenon of Arab neutralism has never before been comprehensively investigated. The prevailing belief is that the formulation and realization of the policy of anti-alignment began only during Nasser’s first years in power in Egypt. However, the author demonstrates that the roots of neutralism were already sown in Arab soil in the early 1940s, and that successive Syrian governments carved out this policy during the final stages of World War II.
A core issue in the analysis is the dynamic between ideology and policy. A conceptual framework is developed to explain the various patterns of neutralism that emerged, and the complex of relationships between features exhibited by Syria, the Arab world, and the Third World. The book makes extensive use of newly declassified material gleaned from archives in India, the former USSR, Poland, Britain, the United States and Israel; primary sources, studied and interpreted in the original Arabic, are also widely utilized.
"Ginat's well-documented study is the first to provide a first-rate analysis of the ideological and the political development of the doctrine of Arab neutralism in Syria, and to a lesser extent in Egypt, from World War II until the 1960s. Ginat disputes the common belief that Nasser was the first Arab leader to exercise neutralism, and examines the effects that Arab neutralism had on shaping Syria's foreign policy and its national identity. Using Arab, Indian, Soviet, Polish and Western primary sources, he places special emphasis on the interaction between Arab neutralism in Syria and Egypt, and other modes of neutralism in Third World countries such as India and Yugoslavia." -- Moshe Ma'oz, The Truman Institute, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. "Ginat provides a meticulously researched study of the intellectual and political development of Arab neutralism and the differences between Nehru's 'ideological/doctrinaire neutralism' and Nasser's 'positive neutralism' which informed Syrian policy in the 1950s. This excellent and scholarly work combines a history of ideas with a detailed and fascinating study of the development of Syria's domestic and foreign policy in the search for a viable socio-economic system and an independent voice in international affairs." -- Professor Margot Light, Department of International Relations, London School of Economic
Introduction -- Neutralism in Retrospect: Definitions and Paradigms; Syrias Road to Independence: The Emergence of Pragmatic/Calculative Nationalist Neutralism; The Rise of 'Anti-Western Neutralism' in Post-Mandatory Syria; Neutralism in Practice: Syria and the Consolidation of the Arab-Asian Group; Communism, Syria, and Neutralist Trends; Syrias Rival Schools of Neutralism and the Road to Union; Nasserite 'Positive Neutralism' and the United Arab Republic; Conclusion -- The Rise of the Neo-Bath and the Gradual Demise of Neutralism; Appendix - Modes of Practised Arab Neutralism; Index.
Number Of Pages: 310
Published: 3rd February 2010
Publisher: Sussex Academic Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 15.2 x 22.9
Weight (kg): 0.49