This unique compendium presents the major methods of recognition and learning used in syntactic pattern recognition from the 1960s till 2018. Each method is introduced firstly in a formal way. Then, it is explained with the help of examples and its algorithms are described in a pseudocode. The survey of the applications contains nearly 1,000 sources published since the 1960s. The open problems in the field, the challenges and the determinants of the future development of syntactic pattern recognition are discussed.This must-have volume provides a good read and serves as an excellent source of reference materials for researchers, academics, and postgraduate students in the fields of pattern recognition, machine perception, computer vision and artificial intelligence.