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Symbiosis and Ambivalence : Poles and Jews in a Small Galician Town - Rosa Lehmann

Symbiosis and Ambivalence

Poles and Jews in a Small Galician Town

Hardcover Published: 30th December 2001
ISBN: 9781571817945
Number Of Pages: 288

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In Poland and elsewhere there has been a noticeable increase of interest in various aspects of the Polish-Jewish past which can be explained, the author argues, in terms of a broader intellectual need to explore the "blank spots" of Poland's national history. This quest begins and ends with Polish anti-Semitism and the Shoah, during which most of Europe's Jews were annihilated on Polish soil, but also focuses on the events of 1946-1968, the years of pogroms, anti-Semitic campaigns, and mass emigration of the Jews from Poland. All these became main issues of public reflection in Poland after a silence for almost forty years and led to the widespread view that Polish-Jewish relations are irredeemably poisoned by anti-Semitism.

If this is the case, how is it possible then, the author asks, that Jews still play an important role in the cultural expressions and the consciousness of the Polish people? To find an answer, she explored Polish-Jewish relations in a small Galacian town from the early 19th century to the end of World War II. Detailed analysis of archival materials as well as interviews with Polish inhabitants of this town and Jewish survivors living elsewhere reveal a pattern of Polish-Jewish interdependence that has led to a far more complex picture than is generally assumed.

..". a well-researched historical anthropological case study ... One of its major value has to doe with a successful integration of economic history into anthropological interpretation." - Focaal

"This study gives a more nuanced picture of the stereotypical views of Polish attitudes towards Jews, which cannot be reduced to a simple form of anti-Semitism." - L'Homme

Tables, Figures and Mapsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xii
Introductionp. 1
The Jew Legendp. 1
The Tale of the Polish Jews
The Jew Legend
On 'traditional Polish anti-Semitism'
Anti-Semitism in Poland: a structural or cultural problem?
Structure versus culture
Jews in Poland: their economic role
Jews in Poland: the cultural implication
An Ethnographic Case-Study Approach
The case of Jasliska
The ethnographic present
The Settingp. 21
Feudal relations: the gentry, the Jews, and the peasant serfs
Early Jewish settlement in Poland
The Jewish arrendator
Jasliska: portrait of a Polish episcopal town
The foundation
A multi-ethnic environment
Jewish exclusion from Jasliska
Modern times, or the decline of a small town
Austrian colonisation of southeastern Poland
Austrian enlightened policies and the Jews
Spheres of Interaction: Spatial Integrationp. 41
Patterns of settlement
Sources on Jewish settlement
A Jewish centre
The Jews, the town, and trade
Jewish merchants and Polish peasants
Acquisition of land: the gossip about Jewish arson
The rumour of Jewish arson
On oral traditions and historical gossip
Historical evidence
Spheres of Interaction: Economic Relationsp. 59
New times, old patterns
Jewish entrepreneurship
Jewish prosperity
Economic dependence
The Jewish swindler: the malevolent creditor
The Jewish rescuer: the benevolent creditor
The Jewish patron: the mighty employer
Economic competition
The Bank of Mercy: Christian money-lending
The Agricultural Circle: Christian joint ventures
Hostile dependency
Spheres of Interaction: The Social Boundary and the Image of the Jewp. 89
Strangers at home: the mystical world of Poland's Jews in exile
The rise of Hasidic reign in Galicia
The Hasidic community in Jasliska
Viewing the other: Jewish and Gentile reasoning
When two worlds meet: cross-cultural contact and its limitations
Evidence of social contact
Hierarchies of social contact
Polish images of the Jew
Polish-Jewish relations and the image of the Jew
The Ethnic Boundary: The Case of the Converted Jewish Womanp. 114
Felicja's story
Early childhood
The baptism
After the baptism
The Second World War
The Jewish family
Transgressing the ethnic boundary
A social deviant
The conversion
An ethnic conflict
Poles and Jews in present-day Jasliska
The Destruction of the Communitiesp. 138
Hitler's era: German rule in southeastern Poland
The General Government
Jasliska under German occupation
Polish resistance to German rule
The destruction of a Jewish community
The forecast
The raid
The deportation
The selection
The massacre
Escape and rescue
The dead and the guilty
The destruction of a Polish community
The aftermath of the German occupation
The civil war: anarchy and policy
Polish Texas
Peoples' Poland or the reign of communism
The post-communist era
Discussion: Physical Experience and Symbolic Representationsp. 169
The physical experience: Jewish patrons and Polish clients
Jewish patrons and Polish clients: towards an alternative perspective
Patron-client relations in Jasliska
On Polish-Jewish coexistence
Symbolic representations: Polish-Jewish relations and the image of the Jew
The relationship between 'imagined' and 'real life' experience
The transition from physical to symbolic experience
The impact of the Shoah: on outsiders, victims and bystanders
Conclusion: The Jew Legend Revisitedp. 190
Cadastral Registersp. 195
Glossaryp. 200
Bibliographyp. 202
Indexp. 211
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781571817945
ISBN-10: 1571817948
Series: Berghahn Ser.
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 288
Published: 30th December 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.49