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Symbioses and Stress : Joint Ventures in Biology - Joseph Seckbach

Symbioses and Stress

Joint Ventures in Biology

By: Joseph Seckbach (Editor), Martin Grube (Editor)

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Published: 22nd September 2010
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When one picks up a multiauthored book in a series like this, one wonders what will be distinctive about its contents. one wonders about the "Concept of Symbiosis. " does it have the same meaning for all authors and all potential readers? one is further tempted to question the concept of stress. What is the meaning of the c- cept of stress? Some change in the biotic or abiotic aspects of the environment or habitat of the symbiotic partners? many might support the more general def- tion of symbiosis credited to de bary (1879), that symbiosis is the living together of separately named organisms. Something like Smith's (1992) more restricted PoLLnPia (P ermanent or Long-Lived intimate associations between diffe- ent organisms, usually of different sizes, in which the larger organism, the host, exploits the capabilities of one or more smaller organisms) seems to be a better ft for a book centered on the effects of stress on symbiosis. PoLLnPia implies an integrated holobiont system that has adapted itself to living successfully in a particular environment that could be construed as harsh for nonsymbiotic s- tems. often, when queried for examples, one thinks of lichens, of corals living in oligotrophic tropical waters, of Pompeii worms living in association with che- lithotrophic bacteria, and of all sorts of herbivorous animals living in associations with microorganisms. Presumably, the hosts could not survive, or thrive, in their habitats without their smaller partners doing their trophic work for their holo- otic systems.

Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. xxi
List of Authors and Their Addressesp. xxvii
General Introduction
On the Origin of Symbiosisp. 5
Symbioses and Stressp. 21
Symbiotic Origin of Eukaryotes
Problems and Progress in Understanding the Origins of Mitochondria and Plastidsp. 41
The Origin of Eukarya as a Stress Response of Two-Membrane-Bounded Sexual Pre-karyote to an Aggressive alpha-Proteobacterial Periplasmic Infectionp. 65
Low CO2 Stress: Glaucocystophytes May Have Found a Unique Solutionp. 85
Aquatic Symbioses
Animal-Bacterial Endosymbioses of Gutless Tube-Dwelling Worms in Marine Sedimentsp. 99
Multibiont Symbioses in the Coral Reef Ecosystemp. 123
Cnidarian-Dinoflagellate Symbiosis-Mediated Adaptation to Environmental Pertubationsp. 149
Oxidative Stress-Mediated Development of Symbiosis in Green Parameciap. 179
Coral Symbiosis Under Stressp. 199
Azolla as a Superorganism: Its Implication in the Symbiotic Studiesp. 227
Terrestrial Symbioses
Parasitism Is a Strong Force Shaping the Fungus-Growing Ant-Microbe Symbiosisp. 247
Evolution and Consequences of Nutrition-Based Symbioses in Insects: More than Food Stressp. 267
Three in a Boat: Host-Plant, Insect Herbivore and Fungal Entomopathogenp. 291
Symbiotic Foraminifera and Stressp. 329
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Under Stress Conditions: Benefits and Costsp. 341
Modulation of Aquaporin Genes by the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Relation to Osmotic Stress Tolerance: Aquaporin in AM Plants Under Osmotic Stressp. 359
How Rhizobia Survive in the Absence of a Legume Host, a Stressful World Indeedp. 377
Life on a Leaf: Bacterial Epiphytes of a Salt-Excreting Desert Treep. 395
Physiological Responses to Stress in the Vibrionaceaep. 409
The Stressed Life of Microbes in Plantsp. 429
Symbiotic Plant-Microbe Interactions: Stress Protection, Plant Growth Promotion and Biocontrol by Stenotrophomonasp. 447
Adaptation and Survival of Plants in High Stress Habitats via Fungal Endophyte Conferred Stress Tolerancep. 463
Grass Endophyte-Mediated Plant Stress Tolerance: Alkaloids and Their Functionsp. 479
Endocytosis in Plant-Fungal Interactionsp. 497
Die Hard: Lichensp. 511
Stress and Developmental Strategies in Lichensp. 527
Green Algae and Fungi in Lichens: Symbionts But Friends or Foes?p. 549
Green Biofilms on Tree Barks: More than Just Algaep. 559
Symbioses And Astrobiology
Space Flight Effects on Lichen Ultrastructure and Physiology: Following the LICHENS 2005 Experiment On-Board the BIOPAN V Space Exposure Facilityp. 579
Resistance of Symbiotic Eukaryotes Survival to Simulated Space Conditions and Asteroid Impact Cataclysmsp. 597
Summary and Conclusions
Symbioses and Stress: Final commentsp. 615
Organisms Indexp. 617
Subject Indexp. 623
Authors Indexp. 629
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789048194483
ISBN-10: 9048194482
Series: Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 630
Published: 22nd September 2010
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 1.27