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Swimming Pools : Design and Construction, Fourth Edition - Philip H. Perkins

Swimming Pools

Design and Construction, Fourth Edition

Hardcover Published: 3rd February 2000
ISBN: 9780419235903
Number Of Pages: 248

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Swimming pools have to function in an environment which is hostile to many construction materials, and this must be taken into account in their design and construction. This book, the fourth edition of Philip Perkin's classic work, provides a comprehensive treatise on the design and construction of swimming pools, both public and private. The author defines the basic requirements for all swimming pools constructed from permanent materials (such as various types of concrete), and details other materials which can be incorporated for specific purposes. There is detailed discussion on the durability of materials used, and recommendations are included on finishes for the pool shell, walkways and floors. The need for well-designed water circulation and water treatment is emphasised. Information is given on both these subjects as they have a fundamental influence on the health of pool users and the durability of the materials used for finishes and construction.

Prefacep. xii
The planning and layout of swimming poolsp. 1
General considerationsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Basic requirements for all swimming poolsp. 1
Pools for private houses, clubs, hotels and schoolsp. 3
Covered pools for private houses, hotels, clubs and schoolsp. 7
Teaching/learner poolsp. 11
Public swimming poolsp. 11
Floor gradientsp. 15
The drainage of walkways and wet areasp. 16
Hydrotherapy poolsp. 16
Pools used for sub-aqua activitiesp. 18
Facilities for the disabledp. 19
Swimming pools with movable floorsp. 20
Wave-making machinesp. 21
Recommended procedure for getting a pool built: contracts and dealing with disputesp. 22
Introductionp. 22
Contracts: how to proceedp. 22
Dealing with disputesp. 23
Further readingp. 27
Basic characteristics of the materials used in the construction of swimming poolsp. 29
Introductionp. 29
Portland cementsp. 30
Aggregates from natural sources for concrete and mortarp. 32
Admixturesp. 33
Additionsp. 35
Water for mixing concrete, mortar and groutp. 37
Steel reinforcementp. 38
Spacersp. 40
Non-ferrous metalsp. 40
Bimetallic corrosionp. 40
Curing compounds for concrete and mortarp. 41
Polymersp. 42
Reactive resinsp. 43
Joint fillersp. 44
Joint sealantsp. 45
Ceramic tilesp. 46
British standards and euro codesp. 46
Referencesp. 47
Further readingp. 47
Factors affecting the durability of reinforced concrete and cement-based materials used in the construction of swimming poolsp. 48
Introductionp. 48
Corrosion of steel reinforcement in concretep. 49
Carbonation of concretep. 51
Chloride-induced corrosion of reinforcementp. 51
Deterioration of the concretep. 53
Chemical attack on cement-based mortarp. 56
Swimming pool water and chemicals used in water treatmentp. 56
Moorland water and the Langelier Indexp. 57
Alkali-silica reactionp. 59
Further readingp. 60
Construction of swimming pool shells in insitu reinforced concretep. 61
Introductionp. 61
Site investigationsp. 62
Under-drainage of sitep. 63
Flotation (uplift) of the pool shellp. 64
General comments on design and constructionp. 64
Concrete construction in cold weatherp. 71
Concrete construction in hot weatherp. 72
Plastic crackingp. 73
Thermal contraction crackingp. 74
Swimming pools with floor slabs supported on the groundp. 76
Construction of the walls of the poolp. 78
Construction of walkway slabs and floors of wet changing areasp. 80
Curing the concrete floor and walls of the poolp. 82
Construction of suspended pool shellsp. 83
Thermal insulation of swimming pool shellsp. 85
Under-water lighting and under-water windowsp. 86
Further readingp. 86
Construction of swimming pool shells in reinforced sprayed concrete and other materialsp. 88
Reinforced sprayed concrete (shotcrete)p. 88
Introductionp. 88
Design and specificationp. 90
Methods of applicationp. 91
Execution of the workp. 92
Thermal insulationp. 95
Pipeworkp. 95
Testing for watertightnessp. 95
Under-water lightingp. 95
Swimming pools constructed with reinforced hollow concrete block walls and insitu reinforced concrete floorp. 96
Introductionp. 96
Construction of the floorp. 97
Construction of the wallsp. 97
Pipeworkp. 99
Under-water lightingp. 99
Curing the concrete and protecting the blockworkp. 99
Testing for watertightnessp. 99
Back-filling around the wallsp. 99
Thermal insulationp. 100
Sandwich type construction with insitu reinforced concrete core wall and concrete blocks as permanent formworkp. 100
Introductionp. 100
Construction of the floorp. 101
Pipeworkp. 101
Construction of the wallsp. 101
Under-water lightingp. 102
Finishes to floor and wallsp. 102
Testing for watertightnessp. 102
Back-filling around the wallsp. 103
Thermal insulationp. 103
Other methods of constructionp. 103
General commentsp. 103
Pools constructed with mass (gravity) type wallsp. 103
Curing the concretep. 104
Testing for watertightnessp. 104
Pools constructed in very stable ground such as chalk or rockp. 104
Pools constructed of precast post-tensioned concrete unitsp. 106
Pool shells of steelp. 106
Further readingp. 106
External worksp. 107
General considerationsp. 107
Pavingp. 108
Surface water drainagep. 117
Wallingp. 118
Further readingp. 121
Finishing the pool shell and associated structures; problems with pool hall roofsp. 122
Finishing the pool shell and associated structuresp. 122
Cement-sand rendering to insitu concrete wallsp. 123
Cement-sand rendering to sprayed concrete wallsp. 130
Cement-sand rendering to concrete block wallsp. 130
Cement-sand screeds on insitu concrete floorsp. 131
Cement-sand screeds on sprayed concrete floorsp. 132
Ceramic tiles and mosaicp. 132
Walkways and wet changing areasp. 138
Testing the completed tilingp. 138
Marbelitep. 139
Coatings and paintsp. 140
Sheet linings to swimming poolsp. 144
Glass-fibre polyester resin liningsp. 145
Finishes to walls of pool hallsp. 146
The roofs of swimming pool hallsp. 149
General considerationsp. 149
Pressurised roof voidsp. 149
The warm-deck roofp. 149
Further readingp. 150
Water circulation and water treatmentp. 151
Water circulationp. 151
Flow-through poolsp. 152
Pools where the pool water is in continuous circulationp. 154
Ducts for pipeworkp. 159
Water treatmentp. 160
Layout of treatment plantp. 162
Filtration and filtersp. 163
Chemical dosing of the pool waterp. 166
The disinfection of pool waterp. 168
Chlorinationp. 169
Ozonep. 170
Brominep. 171
Chlorine dioxidep. 171
Metallic ions (silver and copper)p. 171
Ultra-violet radiationp. 172
The base-exchange process for softening pool waterp. 173
Sulphates in swimming pool waterp. 174
Further readingp. 174
Notes on heating swimming pools and energy conservationp. 176
Heating open-air swimming poolsp. 176
Heating the water in indoor swimming poolsp. 177
Heating and ventilation of pool halls and adjoining areasp. 177
Solar heating of swimming poolsp. 179
Further readingp. 180
Maintenance and repairs to swimming poolsp. 181
Maintenance of swimming poolsp. 181
General considerationsp. 181
Routine supervision: smaller poolsp. 181
Shut-down periodsp. 182
Algal growths: prevention and removalp. 183
Foot infectionsp. 184
Repairs to external works: pavingp. 184
Remedial work to insitu concrete paving for pedestriansp. 185
Remedial work to insitu concrete paving for light commercial vehiclesp. 186
Remedial work for precast concrete flag pavingp. 186
Remedial work to precast concrete block pavingp. 186
Remedial work to clay paversp. 187
Remedial work to slippery pavingp. 187
Preventing trips and fallsp. 188
Repairs to external works: wallingp. 189
Remedial work to free-standing wallsp. 189
Remedial work to earth-retaining wallsp. 189
Remedial work to pools under constructionp. 190
General commentsp. 190
Remedial work to thermal contraction cracksp. 190
Remedial work to drying shrinkage cracksp. 191
Remedial work to honeycombed concretep. 192
Inadequate concrete cover to the reinforcementp. 193
Remedial work to existing pools: tracing leaks and investigationsp. 194
Introductionp. 194
Tracing leaksp. 196
General investigationsp. 197
Remedial work to existing pools: repairs following leak tracing and investigationsp. 200
Remedial work to leakagep. 200
Improving support to the pool floorp. 203
Structural lining to the pool shellp. 203
Remedial work to finishesp. 203
Further readingp. 205
Conversion factors and coefficientsp. 206
Testing swimming pools shells, walkway slabs and other wet areas for watertightness. Commissioning swimming poolsp. 208
Introductionp. 208
Testing new poolsp. 208
Testing existing poolsp. 209
The leakage test procedurep. 209
General comments on testingp. 210
Watertightness test for walkway slabs and other wet areasp. 211
Commissioning swimming pools (filling and emptying)p. 211
Investigations, sampling and testingp. 213
General considerationsp. 213
Sampling and laboratory testingp. 213
Cover-meter surveyp. 214
The consultant/designer as an expert witnessp. 215
Introductionp. 215
The form of the Expert's Reportp. 217
The expert witness and the Construction Act 1996p. 217
Notes on safety in swimming poolsp. 218
Introductionp. 218
Water depths for divingp. 219
Signs for water depths in the poolp. 219
Other safety signsp. 219
Outlets for water in the pool floorp. 219
Water slides and play equipmentp. 219
Slipping and tripping on floors of walkways, changing rooms etc.p. 220
Chemicals in water treatmentp. 221
List of organisations relevant to this bookp. 223
Indexp. 224
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780419235903
ISBN-10: 0419235906
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 248
Published: 3rd February 2000
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.53
Edition Number: 4
Edition Type: New edition