The impact of Swedish economists on the development of modern economic analysis has been profound. This volume contains twelve essays dealing with various aspects of the development of economics and economic thought from the mid- eighteenth century to the middle of the 20th century. Most of the essays cover the golden age of Swedish economics, the early decades of the 20th century, and deal with such figures as Knut Wicksell, Gustav Cassel, Eli Heckscher, Bertil Ohlin, Erik Lindahl and Erik Lundberg. br br This study illustrates the constant involvement of Swedish economists in current affairs. Economists have taken an active part in practically every debate of importance in Sweden since the turn of the century. Those discussed here include the eight-hour workday, the New Economics of the 1930s, and forestry economics. Brinley Thomas, in the first account in English of the Stockholm School, emphasized the influence that professional economists appeared to have on public affairs. This study places emphasis on the consistency of attempts by Swedish economists to make public contributions. br br The book includes a chapter on an unpublished manuscript by Knut Wicksell which is reproduced in English for the first time.