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Sustainable Transportation Networks : Elgar Monographs - Anna Nagurney

Sustainable Transportation Networks

Elgar Monographs

Hardcover ISBN: 9781840643572
Number Of Pages: 304

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This work considers whether transportation networks are sustainable, asking if they can last, given the growing demands on networks, and the need to alleviate the associated negative impacts. The author offers a foundation for formulation, analysis and computation of possible solutions.

List of Figuresp. ix
List of Tablesp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Introduction and Overviewp. 1
Introductionp. 3
Foundationsp. 13
System-Optimization Versus User-Optimizationp. 16
System-Optimizationp. 16
User-Optimizationp. 19
Toll Policiesp. 21
Solution of the Link-Toll Collection Policyp. 23
Solution of the Path-Toll Collection Policyp. 23
Models with Asymmetric Link Costsp. 25
Link- and Path-Toll Policiesp. 25
Practical Considerationsp. 26
Variational Inequality Formulations of Fixed Demand Problemsp. 28
Variational Inequality Formulations of Elastic Demand Problemsp. 29
Transportation and the Environmentp. 33
Environmental Policy Instrumentsp. 34
Taxes and Subsidiesp. 35
Marketable Pollution Permitsp. 35
Unique Transportation Network Characteristicsp. 38
Emission Paradoxes in Transportation Networksp. 41
Paradoxes in Single Modal, Fixed Demand Networksp. 43
Paradox 1p. 43
Paradox 2p. 45
Paradox 3p. 47
A Paradox in Multimodal, Fixed Demand Networksp. 48
Paradox 4p. 48
A Paradox in Elastic Demand Networksp. 50
Paradox 5p. 50
Viable and Sustainable Transportation Networksp. 52
Viability of Networks with Known O/D Pairs and Travel Demandsp. 53
Viability of Traffic Networks in Other Situationsp. 57
Known Origins and Trip Productionsp. 58
Known Destinations and Trip Attractionsp. 60
Known Total Number of Tripsp. 61
Viability of Elastic Demand Traffic Networksp. 63
Sustainable Transportation Networksp. 66
Policies for Sustainable User-Optimized Transportation Networks
Emission Pricing for Sustainability--User-Optimized Perspectivep. 71
Pricing for Sustainable Fixed Demand Networksp. 72
A Simple Modelp. 72
The General Modelp. 76
Pricing in Alternative Situationsp. 80
Emission Pricing for Networks with Known Origins and Trip Productionsp. 81
Emission Pricing for Networks with Known Destinations and Trip Attractionsp. 84
Pricing for Networks with Known Number of Tripsp. 85
Pricing for Sustainable Elastic Demand Traffic Networksp. 88
A Computational Procedurep. 90
Numerical Examplesp. 94
Permits for User-Optimized, Fixed Demand Networksp. 98
The Model with Fixed Travel Demands and Pollution Permitsp. 99
Qualitative Propertiesp. 106
The Algorithmp. 109
Numerical Examplesp. 111
Permits for User-Optimized, Elastic Demand Networksp. 117
The Permit Modelsp. 118
O/D Pair-Based Permit System Modelp. 121
Path-Based Permit Systemp. 124
Link-Based Permit System Modelp. 126
Sustainabilityp. 128
Qualitative Propertiesp. 132
Computational Procedurep. 134
Numerical Examplep. 137
Policies for Sustainable System-Optimized Transportation Networks
Sustainable System-Optimized Networksp. 145
Modeling of Sustainable System-Optimized Networksp. 146
A Simple Modelp. 146
The General Modelp. 152
Emission/Congestion Tolls for Sustainabilityp. 154
Numerical Examplep. 156
Tradable Permits for System-Optimized Networksp. 158
The Model with Tradable Pollution Permitsp. 159
Algorithm and Numerical Examplesp. 166
The Algorithmp. 166
Numerical Examplesp. 168
Pricing in the Case of User-Optimized Behaviorp. 172
Special Topics
Spatial Oligopolies and Marketable Pollution Permitsp. 177
The Spatial Oligopoly Model with Permitsp. 178
Qualitative Propertiesp. 185
Spatial Price Networks and Emission Policiesp. 189
Sustainable Spatial Price Network Modelsp. 191
A Spatial Network Policy Model with Separable Functionsp. 191
A Sustainable Spatial Price Network Policy Model with General Functionsp. 197
A General Sustainable Spatial Network Modelp. 200
Qualitative Propertiesp. 203
The Algorithmp. 204
Numerical Examplesp. 207
Single Pollutant Model Examplesp. 208
Multipollutant Examplesp. 211
Small Examplesp. 211
Larger Examplesp. 213
Technology and Network Design Issuesp. 216
Optimal Budget Allocation for Emission Reductionp. 217
Optimal Viability Achievementp. 220
Introduction of a New Modep. 221
Viable Growthp. 223
System-Optimization with Mode Allocation Controlp. 224
Summary and Conclusions
Concluding Commentsp. 229
Contributionsp. 229
Research Directionsp. 232
Personal Commentsp. 232
Optimization Theoryp. 235
Karush-Kuhn-Tucker Optimization Conditionsp. 239
Optimization Examplesp. 242
Variational Inequality Theoryp. 245
An Examplep. 249
Qualitative Propertiesp. 250
Algorithmsp. 253
Projection Methodsp. 253
Network Equilibration Algorithmsp. 255
An Equilibration Algorithm for Linear and Separable Link Cost Functionsp. 256
Problemsp. 259
Bibliographyp. 269
Glossary of Notationp. 279
Indexp. 281
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781840643572
ISBN-10: 1840643579
Series: Elgar Monographs
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 304
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.59

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