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Surface Electrochemistry : A Molecular Level Approach - John O'M. Bockris

Surface Electrochemistry

A Molecular Level Approach

Paperback Published: 1st May 1993
ISBN: 9780306443398
Number Of Pages: 1014

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The text Modern Electrochemistry (authored by J. O'M. Bockris and A. K. N. Reddy and published by Plenum Press in 1970) was written between 1967 and 1969. The concept for it arose in 1962 in the Energy Conversion Center at the University of Pennsylvania, and it was intended to act as a base for interdisciplinary students and mature scientists~hemists, physicists, biologists, metallurgists, and engineers-who wanted to know about electrochemical energy conversion and storage. In writing the book, the stress, therefore, was placed above all on lucidity in teaching physical electrochemistry from the beginning. Although this fundamentally undergraduate text continues to find purchasers 20 years after its birth, it has long been clear that a modernized edition should be written, and the plans to do so were the origin of the present book. However, if a new Bockris and Reddy was to be prepared and include the advances of the last 20 years, with the same degree of lucidity as characterized the first one, the depth of the development would have to be well short of that needed by professional electrochemists.

Some Experimental Techniquesp. 1
Electrochemical Techniquesp. 2
Ex Situ Spectroscopic Techniquesp. 32
In Situ Spectroscopic Techniquesp. 37
Prospectsp. 51
Evolutionary Goalp. 53
The Interphasial Structurep. 59
Thermodynamicsp. 61
Potentialsp. 69
The Potential of Zero Chargep. 87
Some Dielectric Aspects of Matter in Interphasesp. 95
Excess Entropy in the Double Layerp. 101
Solvent Structure at the Interfacep. 109
The Emersed Double Layerp. 127
Electric Imaging at Solid-Liquid Interfacesp. 128
Isoconcsp. 132
Partial Charge Transferp. 152
Interfacial Structure Experiments Made on Specific Faces of Single Crystalsp. 157
The Interface between a Metal and a Pure Electrolytep. 163
The Semiconductor-Solution Interphasep. 167
Insulator-Solution Interfacep. 189
Phases Moving Relative to Each Other (Electrokinetics)p. 193
Appendix 2.1. Heterogeneityp. 199
Appendix 2.2. The Partition Function Approach to the Deduction of Adsorption Isothermsp. 201
Appendix 2.3. The Bond Strength in Adsorption from Solutionp. 203
Phenomenological Electrode Kineticsp. 211
The Nature of Electrochemical Reactionsp. 212
The Rate versus Potential Relation at Constant Temperature and Pressurep. 213
Pre-Exponential Factorsp. 216
Multistep Steady-State Electrode Kineticsp. 218
Potential-Sweep Kineticsp. 223
Electrochemical Reaction Ordersp. 242
Electrochemical Reaction Rates as a Function of Temperaturep. 242
Electrode Kinetics as a Function of Pressurep. 244
Electrode Kinetics as a Function of the Solventp. 247
The Effects of the Structure of the Interface upon Electrode Kineticsp. 250
Reaction Intermediatesp. 255
Electrode Kinetics in Relation to the Isotherm Applicable to an Intermediate Radicalp. 261
The Electronic Work Function in Electrode Kineticsp. 267
Potential Energy Curvesp. 269
The Symmetry Factorp. 272
Transfer Coefficientp. 277
"Activationless" and "Barrierless" Processesp. 278
Abnormal Relations of Rate to Potentialp. 280
Determination of Mechanismsp. 283
Electrocatalysisp. 290
The Hydrogen Evolution Reactionp. 310
Oxygen Evolution and Reduction Reactionp. 319
Electrocrystallizationp. 349
Deposition of Metals from Nonaqueous Solutionsp. 380
Semiconductor Electrode Reactionsp. 383
Quantum-Oriented Electrochemistryp. 407
Quantum Aspects of the Electric Double Layerp. 408
Some History of Quantum Electrode Kineticsp. 421
Proton Transfer at Interfacesp. 423
The Temperature Coefficient of [beta]p. 438
The Transfer Coefficient and Its Temperature Dependence: Quantum-Mechanical Calculationsp. 440
Derivation of Free Energy of Activation from the Inner Shell, [Delta]G[actual symbol not reproducible], and the Force Constants of Ion-Ligand Bondsp. 442
Electron Transfer at Interfacesp. 446
Stochastic (Solvent Dynamical) Theory of Electron Transfer Reactionsp. 461
Electrode Kinetics in the Superconducting Statep. 463
Appendix 4.1. Deduction of the Born-Marcus Expression for the Outer-Sphere Continuum Contribution to the Free Energy of Activation, [Delta]G[actual symbol not reproducible](continuum)p. 466
Appendix 4.2. Limitations of the Continuum Solvent Reorganization Theoryp. 470
Appendix 4.3. The Physical Model for Outer-Sphere Activationp. 474
Appendix 4.4. The Born Equation for the Energy to Charge Up Conducting Spheres: A Prequantal Conceptp. 474
Photoelectrochemistryp. 483
Frequently Measured Quantitiesp. 485
The Vacuum Scale of Potentialsp. 490
The Relation of the Chemical Potential Description of "Electrons in Solution" to the Concept of Their Energy Statesp. 493
The Distribution of Electronic States in Solutionp. 496
The Traditional Theory of the Photocurrent: Butler's Original Schottky Barrier Calculationp. 500
Evidence for the Presence of Rate-Controlling Interfacial Reactions in Photoelectrochemical Kineticsp. 503
Surface Statesp. 506
Photoelectrocatalysisp. 527
The Photoelectrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxidep. 533
The Photoelectrolysis of H[subscript 2]Sp. 541
Oxides as Electrodesp. 542
Photoluminescence and Electroluminescencep. 543
Time Responses in Photoelectrode Kineticsp. 544
Quantization Effects in Photoelectrochemistryp. 545
The Photosplitting of Water Using Colloidal Suspensionsp. 549
Hydrogen and Electricity from Water and Lightp. 554
Photoelectrochemical and Photovoltaic Cells in Water Splittingp. 563
The Photoelectrochemical Nature of Photosynthesisp. 565
The Evolution of Concepts at the Interfacep. 567
About Some Consequences of Semiconductor Electrochemistry for Electrochemical Sciencep. 569
Organoelectrochemistryp. 577
Some Historyp. 578
The Classification of Organic Electrochemical Reactionsp. 580
Features Which Encourage the Use of an Electrochemical Pathway for Synthesisp. 581
The Importance of Adsorption Isotherms in Understanding Organoelectrochemical Reactivityp. 582
Organoelectrochemical Kineticsp. 585
Mechanisms: Principles and Simple Examplesp. 587
Organoelectrochemical Mechanisms Involving Larger Moleculesp. 616
Some Difficulties of Using Organoelectrochemical Methods for Synthesisp. 625
Cyclic Voltammetry When Surface Processes Are Involvedp. 626
The Contribution of Polarographic Measurements to Organoelectrochemistryp. 627
Electrocatalysis in Organoelectrochemical Reactionsp. 628
Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Anodic Substitutionp. 636
Electroreduction of Nitro Compoundsp. 637
The Electrochemical Hydrodimerization of Substituted Olefinsp. 639
Toward an Anodic Liquefaction of Coalp. 642
Photoelectrooxidation of Toxic Wastesp. 647
Electrochemical Initiation of Polymerizationp. 647
Cell Designs in Electro-organic Chemistryp. 651
About the Prospects of a Larger Organoelectrochemical Industryp. 656
Bioelectrochemistryp. 663
Biological Cells and Their Membranesp. 666
Anomalies Faced by Classical Bioelectrochemistryp. 666
The Buildup of Evidence in Favor of a Surface-Oriented Bioelectrochemistry: 1960-1990p. 669
Electronic Conductivity in Biologyp. 674
Proton Conductivity in Biological Materialsp. 676
The Double Layer at the Bioelectrochemical Interphasep. 678
Models of Electron Transfer to and from Protein in Contact with Solutionp. 678
Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Reactions between Metal Substrates and Proteins in Solutionp. 682
Enzymes on Electrodesp. 688
Semi-Electrodic Metabolic Theories Due to Mitchell and to Williamsp. 690
Bioenergetics and Metabolism: An Electrodic Viewp. 695
The Electrochemistry of NAD[superscript +] and NADHp. 703
Aspects of the Respiratory Chainp. 708
The Passage of Electricity through Nervesp. 710
Approach to a Quantitative Development of an Electrodic Model in Bioelectrochemistryp. 722
Bone Growthp. 730
Magnetic Field Effects in Bioelectrochemistryp. 732
Electrochemical Mechanisms of Diseasep. 732
Electrochemical "Information Transfer"p. 735
Bioelectrochemical Fuel Cellsp. 736
Retrospect and Prospectp. 737
Some Electrochemical Aspects of the Stability of Materialsp. 745
Measurement of Corrosionp. 746
Electrochemical Kinetics as the Basis for Heterogeneous Chemical Reactionsp. 754
On the Mechanism of the Dissolution of Ironp. 756
The Mechanism of Hydrogen Evolution on Iron in Acid Solutionp. 767
The Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Ironp. 770
Aspects of Aluminum Corrosionp. 771
Aspects of the Corrosion of Alloysp. 775
Passivityp. 780
Paintp. 801
Mechanisms of Inhibitor Actionp. 802
Effects of Stressp. 811
Some Electrochemically Related Aspects of H in Metalsp. 833
Biocorrosionp. 849
The Slag-Metal Interface in Terms of Steady-State Currentless Electrodesp. 850
Electrochemical Conversion and Storage of Energyp. 861
Conversionp. 861
Storagep. 894
The Electrochemistry of Cleaner Environmentsp. 927
Electrochemical Approaches to Cleaner Environmentsp. 928
Conservation as a Solution to Environmental Damagep. 929
Planetary Warmingp. 930
The Pollution Arising from the Use of Gasoline and Diesel Oil as Fuelsp. 933
The Future Sources of Energyp. 935
Need for a Medium of Energy in Addition to That of Electricityp. 939
Electrochemical Water Splittingp. 940
Hydrogen from H[subscript 2]S and FeS[subscript 2] Electrolysisp. 951
Electrogenerated Hydrogenp. 952
Homopolar Generator Approachp. 952
Developments of Hydrogen-Fueled, Fuel-Cell-Driven Carsp. 957
The Use of Bifunctional Metal Complexes to Electrocatalyze the Reduction of Greenhouse Gasesp. 958
Removal of SO[subscript 2] and Cl[subscript 2] from Waste Gas Streamsp. 959
Avoidance of SO[subscript 2] Injection into the Atmosphere in Metal Recovery from Sulfidesp. 959
Catalytic Reduction of CO[subscript 2] in an H[subscript 2]-Driven Fuel Cellp. 960
Industrial Pollutants, Aquifers, and Metal Recoveriesp. 961
Wastewater Treatmentp. 965
The Electrochemical Treatment of Soilsp. 966
The In Situ Electrochemical Production of O[subscript 3]: Its Use in In Situ Organic Oxidationp. 967
The Electrochemical Incineration of Sewagep. 968
Potential Use of Enzymes from Bacteria as an Aid to Low-Cost Energy Productionp. 969
Bacteriolysisp. 970
Expected Decrease of Biotoxins by Increased Use of Electrochemical Methodsp. 971
Biophotoelectrocatalysisp. 971
Potentiality of Electrochemical Approaches to Prospecting and Miningp. 972
Appendix 10.1. Economic Aspects of Conversion to New Energy Systemsp. 973
Indexp. 977
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306443398
ISBN-10: 0306443392
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 1014
Published: 1st May 1993
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 5.23
Weight (kg): 1.78

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