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Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer : Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library - Stefan Emeis

Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer

Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library

Hardcover

Published: 29th October 2010
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The book presents a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) research. It focuses on experimental ABL research, while most of the books on ABL discuss it from a theoretical or fluid dynamics point of view.

Experimental ABL research has been made so far by surface-based in-situ experimentation (tower measurements up to a few hundred meters, surface energy balance measurements, short aircraft experiments, short experiments with tethered balloons, constant-level balloons, evaluation of radiosonde data). Surface flux measurements are also discussed in the book. Although the surface fluxes are one of the main driving factors for the daily variation of the ABL, an ABL description is only complete if its vertical structure is analyzed and determined. Satellite information is available covering large areas, but it has only limited temporal resolution and lacks sufficient vertical resolution. Therefore, surface-based remote sensing is a large challenge to enlarge the database for ABL studies, as it offers nearly continuous and vertically highly resolved information for specific sites of interest.

Considerable progress has been made in the recent years in studying of ground-based remote sensing of the ABL. The book discusses such new subjects as micro-rain radars and the use of ceilometers for ABL profiling, modern small wind lidars for wind energy applications, ABL flux profile measurements, RASS techniques, and mixing-layer height determination.

Introductionp. 1
The Beginnings of Boundary Layer Researchp. 1
Short History of Upper-Air Measurementsp. 2
The Beginning of Ground-Based Remote Sensingp. 5
The Scope of This Bookp. 7
Referencesp. 8
Analytical Description and Vertical Structure of the Atmospheric Boundary Layerp. 9
Introductionp. 9
ABL Over Flat Terrainp. 10
Neutral (Dynamical) Boundary Layerp. 11
Convective Boundary Layerp. 17
Stable Boundary Layerp. 20
Urban Boundary Layersp. 21
Forest Boundary Layersp. 23
Marine Boundary Layersp. 24
Land-Sea Wind Systemp. 27
Mountainous Terrainp. 28
Referencesp. 30
Basic Principles of Surface-Based Remote Sensingp. 33
Introductionp. 33
RADARp. 36
Windprofilerp. 40
Micro Rain RADARp. 41
SODARp. 42
SNODARp. 46
RASSp. 46
Bragg-(Windprofiler) RASSp. 46
Doppler-(SODAR) RASSp. 47
LIDARp. 49
Backscatter (Aerosol) LIDARp. 51
Differential Absorption LIDARp. 52
Raman-LIDARp. 53
Doppler Wind LIDARp. 55
Other Optical Flow Measurement Techniquesp. 59
Radiometersp. 59
Infrared Interferometerp. 61
FTIRp. 62
DOASp. 63
Scintillometryp. 64
Tomographyp. 66
Referencesp. 67
Applicationsp. 73
Introductionp. 73
Vertical Layering of the ABLp. 73
Mixing Layer Heightp. 74
Boundary Layer Heightp. 91
Clouds and Cloud Base Heightp. 92
Vertical Profiles of Atmospheric Variablesp. 93
Wind and Turbulencep. 94
Temperaturep. 104
Humidity, Water, and Icep. 109
Trace Substancesp. 114
Vertical Flux Profilesp. 118
Momentum Fluxp. 121
Heat Fluxp. 125
Humidity or Water Vapour Fluxp. 127
Regional and Local Flow Systemsp. 128
Low-Level Jetsp. 128
Gust Fronts and Cold Air Outflowsp. 130
Land and Sea Breezep. 131
Flow in Mountainous Terrain, Valley, and Mountain Breezep. 132
Drainage and Katabatic Flowsp. 135
Conclusions on the Applicability of Ground-Based Remote Sensing for ABL Research and Monitoringp. 137
Referencesp. 138
Outlookp. 149
Introductionp. 149
Technological Advancementsp. 149
Application Needsp. 150
Referencesp. 152
Appendixp. 155
Introductionp. 155
Name and Scopep. 155
The Series of Conferencesp. 156
Referencep. 157
Glossaryp. 159
Referencesp. 167
Name Indexp. 169
Subject Indexp. 171
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789048193394
ISBN-10: 9048193397
Series: Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 174
Published: 29th October 2010
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.52
Weight (kg): 0.48