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Supercritical Fluids : Fundamentals for Application - Erdogan Kiran

Supercritical Fluids

Fundamentals for Application

By: Erdogan Kiran (Editor), Johanna M.H.Levelt Sengers (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th June 1994
ISBN: 9780792329428
Number Of Pages: 796

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Supercritical fluids which are neither gas nor liquid, but can be compressed gradually from low to high density, are gaining increasing importance as tunable solvents and reaction media in the chemical process industry. By adjusting the pressure, or more strictly the density, the properties of these fluids are customized and manipulated for the particular process at hand, be it a physical transformation, such as separation or solvation, or a chemical transformation, such as a reaction or reactive extraction. Supercritical fluids, however, differ from both gases and liquids in many respects. In order to properly understand and describe their properties, it is necessary to know the implications of their nearness to criticality, to be aware of the complex types of phase separation (including solid phases) that occur when the components of the fluid mixture are very different from each other, and to develop theories that can cope with the large differences in molecular size and shape of the supercritical solvent and the solutes that are present.

Preface
Organizing Committee and the List of Contributors
Critical behavior of fluids: Concepts and applicationsp. 3
The classical theory of critical pointsp. 39
Understanding phase diagramsp. 65
Physico-chemical properties and phase equilibria of pure fluids and fluid mixtures at high pressuresp. 91
Multiphase equilibria in near-critical solventsp. 117
Equations of state for phase equilibrium computationsp. 147
Mixing rules for the estimation of vapor-liquid equilibrium of highly non-ideal mixtures using cubic equations of statep. 177
Thermodynamics and fluctuation solution theory with some applications to systems at near- or supercritical conditionsp. 191
Effects of critical fluctuations on the thermodynamic and transport properties of supercritical fluidsp. 231
On correlating the transport properties of supercritical fluidsp. 273
Introduction to integral equation approximations with application to near-critical and supercritical fluidsp. 287
On the non-solution region of the hypernetted chain and related equations for ionic and simple fluidsp. 313
Critical behavior in modern liquid state theoriesp. 325
Integral equations for the microstructures of supercritical fluidsp. 365
Molecular simulation of near-critical and supercritical fluidsp. 387
Molecular simulation of phase equilibriap. 411
Solute - solute interactions: Theory and simulationsp. 439
Reactions in supercritical fluidsp. 449
Kinetics and selectivity of chemical processes in fluid phasesp. 481
Absorption spectroscopy in fluid phasesp. 499
Spectroscopy and chemistry in supercritical fluidsp. 527
Polymer formation, modifications and processing in or with supercritical fluidsp. 541
Optimizing properties of polymer systemsp. 589
Copolymer solution behavior in supercritical fluidsp. 599
Density-tuned phase behavior of polyolefin solutions in supercritical olefins: Toward macromolecular separationsp. 619
Current challenges in thermodynamics of supercritical fluid chromatographyp. 631
Effect of phase behavior on supercritical fluid chromatographic and extraction performancep. 641
Scale-up of supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC)p. 653
Fundamentals of solids extraction by supercritical fluidsp. 669
Extraction and destruction of waste with supercritical waterp. 697
Predicting oxide solubilities in supercritical waterp. 707
Supercritical fluids as particle formation mediap. 719
Interfacial tension in binary systems containing a dense gasp. 731
Applications of fluid mixtures and supercritical solvents: A surveyp. 739
Future Directions - A summary of the final discussionsp. 761
Tutorials and Discussion Groupsp. 771
Appendix I. Posters and Other Presentationsp. 773
Appendix II. List of Participantsp. 779
Indexp. 791
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792329428
ISBN-10: 0792329422
Series: NATO Science Series E:
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 796
Published: 30th June 1994
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 4.29
Weight (kg): 1.31

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