The Spartan City State produced what is probably one of the most iconic and ruthless military forces in recorded history. They believed that military training and education began at birth. Post-World War II saw a shift to army tanks, fighter jets and missiles that would go on to fight the next huge battle in Northern Europe. Today, with the advent of unmanned systems, our hopes are attached to the idea that we can fight our battles with soldiers pressing buttons in distant command centres. However, soldiers must now be highly trained, super strong and have the intelligence and mental capacity to handle the highly complex and dynamic military operating environment. It is only now as we progress into the twenty-first century that we are getting closer to realising the Spartan ideal and creating a soldier that can endure more than ever before. This book provides the first comprehensive and unifying analysis of the moral, legal and social questions concerning military human enhancement, with a view toward developing guidance and policy that may influence real-world decision making.
'Recent developments in human enhancement and weapon systems promise to provide war-fighters with vastly enlarged physical, sensory and psychological powers. This wide-ranging collection provides the first comprehensive analysis of the conceptual and practical challenges posed by the emergence of such "super soldiers" to attributions of agency and responsibility, the regulation of war, and the ethics of the military profession.' Andrew Alexandra, University of Melbourne, Australia 'Enhanced warfighters are already a reality and will come to greater prominence as medicine and technology advance. Galliott and Lotz are asking the right questions at the right time. This work will help prevent us from having to play catch up when it comes to addressing the ethical and social implications of these fast-moving developments.' Shannon E. French, Case Western Reserve University, USA
Contents: Introduction, Jai Galliott and Mianna Lotz. Part I What, Why and How: Abjecting humanity: dehumanising and post-humanising the military, Andres Vaccari; On human and machine: when is a soldier not a soldier?, Joseph Pugliese; The super soldier as scholar: cultural knowledge as power, Barbara Gurgel and Avery Plaw; Morally enhanced soldiers: beyond military necessity, Ryan Tonkens. Part II General Problems and Consequences: Enhanced warfighters as private military contractors, Armin Krishnan; Super soldiers and technological asymmetry, Robert Simpson. Part III Military Medical Ethics: Among super soldiers, killing machines and addicted soldiers: the ambivalent relationship between the military and synthetic drugs, Anke Snoek; Bio-technical challenges to moral autonomy, Steve Matthews; Ethical considerations in military surgical innovation, Katrina Hutchison and Wendy Rogers. Part IV Law, Responsibility and Governance: Assigning responsibility in enhanced warfare, Alex Leveringhaus; Collective responsibility for the robopocalypse, Seumas Miller; Singularity and the art of warfighters: the Geneva Convention on trial, Joseph Savirimuthu. Index.
Series: Emerging Technologies, Ethics and International Affairs
Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 194
Published: 13th January 2016
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88
Weight (kg): 0.5
Edition Type: New edition