This is an analysis, based on newly available evidence, of the Suez crisis of 1956, its origins, and its consequences. The contributors are all leading authorities, and some were active participants in the events of 1956, offering personal reflection as well as an assessment of the decisions that were made. The opening chapters trace the origins of the crisis from the British occupation of Egypt, the failure to resolve the problem of
Palestine, and the Baghdad Pact of 1955 which divided the Middle East into two opposing camps. Part Two deals with the crisis itself, before and during the invasion of Egypt by British, French, and Israeli troops in November 1956. What type of regime did the British hope to install in place of Nasser's? Why
did the invasion come to an abrupt and humiliating halt? Why did the American government insist on the withdrawal of these troops? These questions are among the issues discussed in the third part of the book, which also deals with the impact of the crisis on French and British decolonization, the 'special relationship' between Britain and the United States, de Gaulle's reaction to the 'Anglo-Saxons', and the legacy of Nasser's influence in the Middle East today. Of the
contributors who were personally involved at the time of the crisis, Amin Hewedy was on the Egyptian General Staff; Mordechai Bar-On was Ben-Gurion's aide-de-camp; Robert Bowie was United States Assistant Secretary of State; and Adam Watson was head of the African Department of the British Foreign
Office. A conclusion by Albert Hourani offers systematic answers to questions raised throughout the book. CONTRIBUTORS: Mordechai Bar-On, Hebrew University, Jerusalem Lord Beloff, All Souls College, Oxford Robert R. Bowie, Harvard University John C. Campbell, former Deputy Director of Eastern European Affairs, and on the Policy Planning Staff of the US State Department Ali E. Hillal Dessouki, Cairo University Howard Dooley, Western Michigan University Hermann Eilts,
Boston University Michael Fry, University of Southern California Sarvepalli Gopal, Jawahrlal Nehru University, New Delhi Amin Hewedy, Cairo University, was Political Counsellor to President Nasser Albert Hourani, St Antony's College, Oxford J. C. Hurewitz, Colombia University Rashid I. Kalidi, University
of Chicago Diane B. Kunz, Yale University Keith Kyle, Royal Institute of International Affairs, London Wm. Roger Louis, University of Texas Peter Lyon, University of London J. D. B. Miller, Australian National University Roger Owen, St Antony's College, Oxford Shimon Shamir, Tel Aviv University Maurice Vaisse, University of Rheims Adam Watson, University of Virginia
'a remarkable book by any account ... Twenty-two leading authorities, British, American, Arab and Israeli, have assembled what must be virtually all the relevant documentation ... and then assessed them in virtuoso essays that are a monument to their industry and objectivity.'
Don Kimche, Jewish Chronicle
'the width and depth of the coverage ... mean that the volume will remain an essential point of reference for all students of the subject for a considerable time'
Geoffrey Warner, International Affairs
'admirably wide-ranging in its coverage ... there is much to be gained from this collection'
20 Century British History Vol 1 No 2 '90
'admirabe attempt to evaluate the crisis in a multi-lateral context'
W. Scott Lucas, University of Birmingham, History No. 245 October 1990
List of contributors; Map; Chronology; Wm. Roger Louis & Roger Owen: Introduction; BACKGROUND: J.C. Hurewitz: The historical context; Ali E. Hillal Dessouki: Nasser and the struggle for independence; Wm. Roger Louis: The tragedy of the Anglo-Egyptian Settlement of 1954; Shimon Shamir: The collapse of project alpha; THE CRISIS: Keith Kyle: Britain and the Crisis, 1955-1956; Maurice Vaisse: France and the Suez Crisis; Mordechai Bar-On: David
Ben-Gurion and the Sevres collusion; Amin Hewedy: Nasser and the crisis of 1956; Sarvepalli Gopal: India, the crisis, and the non-aligned nations; Robert R. Bowie: Eisenhower, Dulles, and the Suez crisis; Diane B. Kunz: The importance of having money: The economic diplomacy of the Suez crisis; John C.
Campbell: The Soviet Union, the United States, and the twin crises of Hungary and Suez; COMMONWEALTH AND UNITED NATIONS: Peter Lyon: The Commonwealth and the Suez crisis; J.D.B. Miller: Australia and the crisis; Michael Fry: Canada, the North Atlantic Triangle, and the United Nations; CONSEQUENCES AND AFTERMATH: Lord Beloff: The crisis and its consequences for the British Conservative Party; Maurice Vaisse: Post-Suez France; Adam Watson: The aftermath of Suez: Consequences for French
Decolonization; Hermann Frederck Eilts: Reflections on the Suez crisis: Security in the Middle East; Roger Owen: The economic consequences of the Suez crises for Egypt; Rashid Khalidi: Consequences of the Suez crisis in the Arab World; Albert Hourani: Conclusion; Howard J. Dooley: Select