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Styles of Scientific Thought : The German Genetics Community, 1900-33 - Jonathan Harwood

Styles of Scientific Thought

The German Genetics Community, 1900-33

Paperback Published: 1st January 1993
ISBN: 9780226318820
Number Of Pages: 444

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In this detailed historical and sociological study of the development of scientific ideas, Jonathan Harwood argues that there is no such thing as a unitary scientific method driven by an internal logic. Rather, there are national styles of science that are defined by different values, norms, assumptions, research traditions, and funding patterns.
The first book-length treatment of genetics in Germany, "Styles of Scientific Thought" demonstrates the influence of culture on science by comparing the American with the German scientific traditions. Harwood examines the structure of academic and research institutions, the educational backgrounds of geneticists, and cultural traditions, among many factors, to explain why the American approach was much more narrowly focussed than the German.
This tremendously rich book fills a gap between histories of the physical sciences in the Weimar Republic and other works on the humanities and the arts during the intellectually innovative 1920s, and it will interest European historians, as well as sociologists and philosophers of science.

Getting Started: the Argument, Method, and Context
An Overview of the Argument
Styles of Thought
The Revolution in Morphology
The Response to Specialization
The Early Days of Mendelism in Germany Part 1: The Peculiarities of German Genetics
The Genetics of Development
Developmental Genetics in Germany during the 1920s
Cytoplasmic Inheritance
In Search of Simplicity: George Beadle's Approach to Physiological Genetics
Conclusion
Genetics and the Evolutionary Process
The Debate over Natural Selection in Interwar Germany
The Implications of Cytoplasmic Inheritance for Evolutionary Theory
The Controversy over Dauermodifications
The Relation between the Plasmon and Dauermodifications
Conclusion
Demarcating the Discipline: Germany versus the United States
Patterns of Growth in Higher Education and Research
The Effect of University Structure upon Specialization
Conclusion
Shifting Focus Part 2: Styles of Thought within the German Genetics Community
Mapping the German Genetics Community
Research Programs
Forms of Organization
Patterns of Funding
Institutional Developments after 1933
Conclusion
Imputing Styles of Thought
Portraits in Contrast: Alfred Kuhn and Erwin Baur
Imputing Styles of Thought
Differences of Political Outlook
Conclusion
Mandarins Confront Modernization
Bildung as Ideology
Modernization Diversifies the Professoriate
The Politics of the Professoriate
Integrating Institutional and Societal Explanations
Conclusion
The Politics of Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Relations
Critics of the Plasmon Theory
Revisionist Conceptions of the Plasmon
Models of Cellular Order
The Cell as Political Microcosm
Conclusion, Conclusion
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226318820
ISBN-10: 0226318826
Series: Science and Its Conceptual Foundations
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 444
Published: 1st January 1993
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.61

Earn 134 Qantas Points
on this Book