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Struggling Readers : Assessment and Instruction in Grades K-6 - Ernest Balajthy

Struggling Readers

Assessment and Instruction in Grades K-6

Paperback Published: 17th March 2003
ISBN: 9781572308527
Number Of Pages: 294
For Ages: 5 - 11 years old

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This practical book focuses on three distinct types of struggling readers that teachers will instantly recognize from their own classrooms--the Catch-On Reader, the Catch-Up Reader, and the Stalled Reader. Detailed case studies bring to life the specific problems these students are likely to face and illustrate research-based instructional strategies that can help get learning back on track. The book also illuminates the causes and consequences of literacy difficulties, giving K-6 teachers a better understanding of how to meet the needs of each child. A comprehensive appendix provides dozens of informal assessment devices, ready to photocopy and use. Other user-friendly features include annotated bibliographies of key research, descriptions of commercial materials and curricula designed for each type of learner, and information on technology resources.

"This outstanding, well-researched book will help teachers and reading specialists improve the skills of all students, including those with severe reading and writing difficulties. It offers highly personalized descriptions of children's literacy problems as well as practical, clearly depicted assessment and instructional procedures that should make any teacher or consultant more effective. The book's logical structure, thought-provoking case studies, and wealth of valuable information make it a 'must have' for undergraduate and graduate education students as well as professionals."--Howard Margolis, EdD, Queens College of the City University of New York "An excellent resource for a first course in how to address instruction for K-6 students who do not profit from a typical classroom reading program. The authors effectively delineate the three principal types of struggling readers and lead the reader through assessment, interpretation of instructional needs, and differentiation of instruction. This clearly written text will be appropriate for both undergraduate- and graduate-level courses in corrective or remedial reading."--Diane J. Sawyer, PhD, Tennessee Center for the Study and Treatment of Dyslexia, Middle Tennessee State University "There is no greater concern in today's classrooms than helping struggling readers become eager and competent readers. But with so many children and so many needs in each classroom, it can be hard to know where to begin. Balajthy and Lipa-Wade address this problem head-on! They show how understanding struggling readers in terms of three broad categories will enable teachers to address individual needs. Case studies frame the in-depth discussions of how to assess and instruct each type of struggling reader. Written in a clear, approachable style, and with a wealth of teacher-friendly informal assessment tools, this book is perfect for courses on assessment and instruction. Balajthy and Lipa-Wade have created a wonderful resource for novice and experienced teachers alike."--Mariam Jean Dreher, PhD, University of Maryland, College Park "The strength of the book lies in the rich and stimulating case studies that vividly exemplify diagnostic standards, allowing teachers to discern patterns among struggling readers. Experienced K-6 teachers should find it extremely helpful to compare the case studies with their real-life teaching experiences, while preservice teachers will become aware of what variations in reading and literacy development can be anticipated in the classroom....An excellent book, providing teachers and reading experts with unique approaches and methods to deal with children's reading difficulties during the primary grades. The book will also stimulate further pedagogical interventions, discussions, and advancement in the field of reading research."--"Canadian Journal of Education" "An excellent resource for both experienced and novice teachers."--"Curriculum Connections" "In this timely publication, the authors address the topic head on, focusing specifically on the identification, assessment, and instructional needs of struggling readers; those students for whom literacy is a difficult, and all too often, frustrating task....The text includes in-depth descriptions, case studies, and suggested strategies for meeting the needs of students....an important contribution to the field. This book would be an appropriate supplementary text at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. Beyond this, it will hold an appeal for practicing classroom teachers who want to better understand and meet the unique needs of their students for whom reading is a struggle."--"Childhood Education" "This text provides a resource for teachers who wish to understand...struggling readers and how better to help themlearn to read....Curriculum developers and other administrators responsible for school design and curriculum who are willing to loosen controls over teaching would also benefit from reading this book."--"Education Review"

Introductionp. 1
The Three Types of Readersp. 2
Recent Changes in the Assessment and Instruction of Struggling Readersp. 2
A Theory of Reading and Reading Difficultiesp. 3
Format and Organizationp. 4
Catch-On Readers
Who Are the Catch-On Readers in Your Classroom?p. 7
Joshua's Storyp. 7
Kwesi's Storyp. 10
Characteristics of the Catch-On Readerp. 11
Reasons for Difficultyp. 13
Instructional Goalsp. 15
Reading Recovery and Early Intervention Approachesp. 16
Summaryp. 17
Helping Catch-On Readers with Basic Print Conceptsp. 18
Print/Speech Mapping and Phonemic Awarenessp. 19
Print Directionp. 20
The Message Contained in Printp. 21
Strategies Using Predictable Textp. 22
Early Intervention Approachesp. 25
Summaryp. 25
Helping Catch-On Readers in Word Recognitionp. 27
Developing an Early Sight-Word Vocabularyp. 28
Developing Decoding Strategiesp. 32
Writing to Reading Approachesp. 38
Using Manipulativesp. 38
Summaryp. 40
Helping Catch-On Readers Using Longuage Experience Approachesp. 41
Wordless Picture Booksp. 42
Initial Language Experience (ILE)p. 43
Language Extension Lessons (LELs)p. 45
Technology-Based Activitiesp. 46
Summaryp. 50
Helping Catch-On Readers by Integrating Reading and Writingp. 51
Self-Written Booksp. 52
"I" Booksp. 52
Content and Themed Booksp. 53
Journalsp. 53
Writing in Response to Readingp. 54
Technology and Story Creationp. 55
Rewriting Familiar, Patterned Storiesp. 55
Summaryp. 56
Thinking through Case Studies of Catch-On Readersp. 57
Thinking through Kwesi's Storyp. 57
Thinking through Sabrina's Storyp. 58
Thinking through DeShawn's Storyp. 59
Thinking through Hilary's Storyp. 60
Thinking through Margie's Storyp. 60
Summaryp. 60
Additional Resources for Helping Catch-On Readersp. 61
Review of Part One: The Catch-On Readerp. 61
Key Research, Theory, and Methods Related to Catch-On Readersp. 61
Materials and Curricula for Catch-On Readersp. 62
Technology Resources for Catch-On Readersp. 63
Summaryp. 64
Catch-Up Readers
Who Are the Catch-Up Readers in Your Classroom?p. 67
Sara's Storyp. 67
Description of the Catch-Up Readerp. 69
Reasons for Reading Difficultyp. 70
Instructing the Catch-Up Readerp. 73
Jimmy's Storyp. 75
Kevin's Storyp. 77
Clara's Storyp. 78
Martin's Storyp. 79
Emanuel's Storyp. 80
Summaryp. 81
Helping Catch-Up Readers with Word Recognitionp. 82
Visual/Meaning Emphasisp. 83
Auditory/Meaning Emphasisp. 86
Language/Meaning Emphasisp. 91
Developing Automaticity and Fluencyp. 94
Summaryp. 96
Helping Catch-Up Readers with Vocabularyp. 97
Developing Vocabulary Strategiesp. 97
Semantic Mappingp. 101
Vocabulary Self-Collection Strategyp. 102
Feature Analysis Chartsp. 104
Gipesp. 105
Morphemic Analysis and Contextp. 105
Summaryp. 107
Helping Catch-Up Readers with Story Comprehensionp. 108
Story Retellingsp. 109
Directed Reading-Thinking Activity (DR-TA)p. 110
Experience-Text Relationship (ETR)p. 111
Probable Passagesp. 112
Story Mappingp. 115
Story Framesp. 116
Semantic Webbingp. 119
Story Previewsp. 120
Summaryp. 120
Helping Catch-Up Readers with Content Area Readingp. 121
Strategies for Comprehension of Expository Textp. 121
Strategies Using Background Knowledgep. 122
Strategies Focusing on Major Pointsp. 128
Strategies Using Graphic Aidsp. 131
Summaryp. 133
Thinking through Case Studies of Catch-Up Readersp. 135
Thinking through Sara's Storyp. 135
Thinking through Jimmy's Storyp. 136
Thinking through Kevin's Storyp. 137
Thinking through Clara's Storyp. 139
Thinking through Martin's Storyp. 141
Thinking through Emanuel's Storyp. 143
Exercises: Examining Readers' Miscuesp. 144
Summaryp. 145
Additional Resources for Helping Catch-Up Readersp. 146
Review of Part Two: The Catch-Up Readerp. 146
Key Research, Theory, and Methods Related to Catch-Up Readersp. 147
Materials and Curricula for Catch-Up Readersp. 148
Summaryp. 152
Stalled Readers
Who Are the Stalled Readers in Your Classroom?p. 155
Molly's Storyp. 155
Characteristics of the Stalled Readerp. 156
Reasons for Difficultyp. 161
Instructing the Stalled Readerp. 164
Summaryp. 171
Helping Stalled Readers with Word Recognitionp. 172
Overcoming Serious Sight-Word Difficultiesp. 172
Overcoming Serious Decoding Difficultiesp. 176
Summaryp. 186
Helping Stalled Readers Using Context-Based Approachesp. 187
Multiple Exposure/Multiple Contexts (ME/MC)p. 188
Neurological Impress Method (NIM)p. 189
Echo Readingp. 190
Comprehension for Decodingp. 190
Repeated Readingsp. 193
Message Writingp. 195
Summaryp. 196
Helping Stalled Readers with Reading Comprehension Difficultiesp. 197
Comprehension at the Sentence and Paragraph Levelp. 199
Comprehension of Longer Discoursep. 203
Integrated Approach: Reading and Writingp. 207
Summaryp. 207
Thinking through Case Studies of Stalled Readersp. 209
Thinking through Molly's Storyp. 209
Thinking through George's Storyp. 211
Thinking through Cathy's Storyp. 213
Thinking through Dorothy's Storyp. 215
Summaryp. 219
Additional Resources for Helping Stalled Readersp. 220
Review of Part Three: Stalled Readersp. 220
Key Research, Theory, and Methods Related to Stalled Readersp. 221
Materials and Curricula for Stalled Readersp. 222
Summaryp. 229
Assessment Devicesp. 231
Referencesp. 271
Indexp. 279
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781572308527
ISBN-10: 1572308524
Series: Solving Problems in the Teaching of Literacy
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
For Ages: 5 - 11 years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 294
Published: 17th March 2003
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.0 x 17.8  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.35