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Struggling for Recognition : The Psychological Impetus for Democratic Progress - Doron Shultziner

Struggling for Recognition

The Psychological Impetus for Democratic Progress

Hardcover Published: 18th November 2010
ISBN: 9781441195173
Number Of Pages: 232

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Struggling for Recognition posits that the drive for personal recognition is a prime motivation behind the pursuit of democracy. The book presents an alternative to the theories of social and political changes that fail to test the causal assumption they make about human psychology. The theory presented underscores a fundamental aspect of human nature: the pursuit of recognition, that is, the drive for positive self-esteem and status and the aversion of negative self-esteem and subordination. This pursuit of recognition becomes the impetus for action and is used to overcome fear as well as rational costs and benefits calculations involved in collective action. The book examines the mechanisms by which this disposition is triggered and converted into political pressures that eventually lead to democratic reforms.

Struggling for Recognition will be of interest to a wide range of scholars in political science, including those researching social movements, social change, democracy, and democratic transitions. A unique multidisciplinary work, it will foster better understanding of key political events such as democratic transitions.

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"Shultziner has in my view done a very sophisticated job in drawing on this literature to enrich our understanding of familiar political phenomena like democratic transitions." -Francis Fukuyama, Bernard L. Schwartz Professor of International Political Economy, The Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, DC

List of Illustrationsp. ix
Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
The Phenomenon of Democratic Progressp. 2
The Purposes and Structure of the Bookp. 5
The Challenges of Reconstructing Psychology in Historyp. 7
Preliminary Remarksp. 9
Theories of Democratic Progress and Conceptions of Human Nature
Democratic Progress and Bottom-Up Pressuresp. 13
Modernization Theoryp. 15
Multivariate Theories and Modelsp. 16
Structuralismp. 17
The State-Centered Theoryp. 17
Organized-Resistance Theoriesp. 18
Top-Down Theoriesp. 18
The Third Wavep. 19
Economic Factors, Rational Choice, and Game-Theoretic Modelsp. 21
The Behaviorist Conception of Human Nature in the Standard Approach to Democratic Progressp. 22
Conclusionsp. 24
Human Nature and the Pursuit of Recognition
Recognition in the History of Political Philosophyp. 27
Interdisciplinary Explanations for the Pursuit of Recognitionp. 28
Universal Heritable Dispositions and Behavior in Political Sciencep. 28
Pursuit of Recognition: An Evolutionary-Psychological Perspectivep. 29
Pursuit of Recognition: A Biological-Anthropological Perspectivep. 30
The Pursuit of Recognition: A Social-Psychological Perspectivep. 33
The Universality of the Pursuit of Positive Self-Esteemp. 34
Social Psychology and Genetic Factors of Self-Esteemp. 35
The Pursuit of Positive Self-Esteem as a Basic Human Needp. 36
Evidence of Obedience to Authority?p. 38
Conclusionsp. 41
From Prehistory to the End of History: Democratic Systems in the Human Experiencep. 43
The Climate Conditions of the Last Glacialp. 45
Political Egalitarianism among Nomadic Foragersp. 46
Evolutionary Bases of Political Egalitarianismp. 48
Fossil Records, Evolution of Hominids, and Political Egalitarianismp. 51
Archaeology and Political Egalitarianismp. 52
Political Egalitarianism and the Transition to Political Hierarchyp. 53
Wealth and Social Organizationp. 54
Population Size and Social Organizationp. 54
The Reemergence of Political Egalitarianismp. 56
The Emergence of Democracy in Macro Time-Scalesp. 56
Egalitarianism was Always Aroundp. 58
Conclusionsp. 60
Recognition and Humiliation: The Origins of Mass Mobilization in the Montgomery Bus Boycottp. 62
Puzzles of the Montgomery Bus Boycottp. 63
Precursors to the Montgomery Bus Boycottp. 64
Why Montgomery, Alabama?p. 65
Why December 1955?p. 69
The Situation on the Buses 1953-1955p. 71
Bus Policies and the Decline of White Passengersp. 72
Labor Consciousness and the Frustrations of Bus Driversp. 75
The Impact of Brown v. Board of Educationp. 77
Montgomery's ôUnlikely Generationö and the Results of Humiliationp. 80
Keeping Momentum: Leadership, Psychology, and Tacticsp. 87
Leadership Motivation, Social Comparisons, and Relative Deprivationp. 87
December 5,1955: A Transformative Dayp. 89
Riding on Recognition: Effective Leadership and Psychological Factorsp. 93
Strategic, Tactical, and Psychological Factorsp. 97
Conclusionsp. 104
Prevention of Status and Police Brutality: The Origins of Mass Mobilization Against Apartheidp. 109
The Black Consciousness Movement: Self-Esteem and Self-Respectp. 111
The Materialistic Account of Anger Build-Up in 1976p. 113
The 1976-Generation Worldp. 114
The Introduction of Afrikaans as a Prevention of Social Statusp. 117
Why Soweto and not Port Elizabeth?p. 120
Police Brutality and the Transformative Phase of June 16, 1976p. 122
Conclusionsp. 127
Maintaining Commitment: Leadership, Cultural Change, and Musicp. 132
Leadership Motivationp. 132
Intergenerational Gap and Cultural Changep. 137
Music and Strugglep. 139
Conclusionsp. 145
Recognition Striving and Democratic Progress: An Integrative Approachp. 150
The Internal Sources of Political Contentionp. 150
Pursuit of Social Status and the Formation of Group-Identityp. 150
Aversion to being Dominated and Emotional Energiesp. 152
Mechanisms of Self-Esteemp. 153
The External Sources of Political Contentionp. 156
Injustice-Frames and Resistance Motivationp. 159
Psychological Factors and Causal Mechanismsp. 162
Pressure on Ruling Elites: Public Opinion and the Threat of Political Upheavalp. 162
Direct Action, Resistance Activity, Social Movements, and Resistance Skills and Tacticsp. 164
Facilitative Factorsp. 166
The Complexity of Democratic Progress and Levels of Analysisp. 170
Elements of Complexity in Democratic Progressp. 170
Internal Causes and Personal Experiencesp. 173
Stages of Democratic Progress and their Levels of Analysisp. 174
The Human Agency Elementp. 178
Conclusionp. 181
List of Archives for the Montgomery Bus Boycottp. 182
List of Abbreviations, Interviews and Background Information about Former Antiapartheid Activists in the Port Elizabeth Municipal Area, South Africap. 183
Bibliographyp. 188
Indexp. 209
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781441195173
ISBN-10: 1441195173
Audience: BAC
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 232
Published: 18th November 2010
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.49  x 2.03
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Number: 1