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Structures in Science : Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy of Science - Theo A. F. Kuipers

Structures in Science

Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy of Science

Hardcover Published: 31st October 2001
ISBN: 9780792371175
Number Of Pages: 414

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The philosophy of science has lost its self-confidence, witness the lack of advanced textbooks in contrast to the abundance of elementary textbooks. Structures in Science is an advanced textbook that explicates, updates, accommodates, and integrates the best insights of logical-empiricism and its main critics. This `neo-classical approach' aims at providing heuristic patterns for research.
The book introduces four ideal types of research programs (descriptive, explanatory, design, and explicative) and reanimates the distinction between observational laws and proper theories. It explicates various patterns of explanation by subsumption and specification as well as structures in reductive and other types of interlevel research. Its analysis of theory evaluation leads to new characterizations of confirmation, empirical progress, and pseudoscience. Partial analogies between progress in nomological research (i.e. observational, referential, and theoretical truth approximation, presented in detail in From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism, 2000) and progress in explicative and design research emerge. Finally, special chapters are devoted to design research programs, computational philosophy of science, the structuralist approach to theories, and research ethics.

Units of Scientific Knowledge and Knowledge Acquisition
Research programs and research strategies
Observational laws and proper theories
Patterns of Explanation and Description
Explanation and reduction of laws
Explanation and description by specification
Structures in Interlevel and Interfield Research
Reduction and correlation of concepts
Levels, styles, and mind-body research
Confirmation and Empirical Progress
Testing and further separate evaluation of theories
Empirical progress and pseudoscience
Truth, Product, and Concept Approximation
Progress in nomological, explicative and design research
Design research programs
Capita Selecta
Computational philosophy of science
The structuralist approach to theories
`Default-norms' in research ethics
Suggestions for further reading
Index of Names
Index of Subjects
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792371175
ISBN-10: 0792371178
Series: Synthese Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 414
Published: 31st October 2001
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.73