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Stress, Workload, and Fatigue : Human Factors in Transportation (Hardcover) - Professor Peter A. Hancock

Stress, Workload, and Fatigue

Human Factors in Transportation (Hardcover)

Hardcover

Published: 1st November 2000
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The purpose of this volume is to seek out, describe, and explain the shared commonalities of stress, fatigue, and workload. To understand and predict human performance response, we have to reach beyond the sterile, information-processing models to incorporate the emotive, affective, or more generally, energetic aspects of cognition. These facets of behavior surface most readily when the individual acts under stress, is faced by significant cognitive workload, or is in the grip of fatigue. However, energetic characteristics are pervasive and exert a vital and ubiquitous influence, even when they are not obviously in play as in extreme circumstances. Indeed, one cannot hope to understand behavior without their inclusion and integration into models and theories. This text addresses such theoretical questions as one of its main thrusts. However, in addition to the drive for scientific understanding, there are requirements in our progressively more utilitarian society which generate the need for a more fundamental understanding of this particular topic.

Series Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Stress
Theory
Levels of Transaction: A Cognitive Science Framework for Operator Stressp. 5
An Information-Processing Model of Operator Stress and Performancep. 34
Research
Stress and Teams: Performance Effects and Interventionsp. 83
On Grasping a Nettle and Becoming Emotionalp. 107
A Transactional Model of Driver Stressp. 133
Practice
Stress in Ambulance Staffp. 167
Women Police: The Impact of Work Stress on Family Membersp. 200
Stress and Driving Performance: Implications for Design and Trainingp. 211
Commentary
A Strategic Approach to Organizational Stress Managementp. 235
The Future of Human Performance and Stress Research: A New Challengep. 249
Workload
Theory
Stress, Workload, and Boredom in Vigilance: A Problem and an Answerp. 267
An Autonomic Space Approach to the Psychophysiological Assessment of Mental Workloadp. 279
How Unexpected Events Produce an Escalation of Cognitive and Coordinative Demandsp. 290
Research
Adaptive Control of Mental Workloadp. 305
Assessment of Drivers' Workload: Performance and Subjective and Physiological Indexesp. 321
Automation and Workload in Aviation Systemsp. 334
Causes, Measures, and Effects of Driver Visual Workloadp. 351
Practice
The Value of Workload in the Design and Analysis of Consumer Productsp. 373
Workload and Air Traffic Controlp. 384
Secondary-Task Measures of Driver Workloadp. 395
Evaluating Safety Effects of In-Vehicle Information Systemsp. 409
Commentary
The Human Capacity for Work: A (Biased) Historical Perspectivep. 429
Workload and Situation Awarenessp. 443
Fatigue
Theory
Active and Passive Fatigue Statesp. 455
Defining Fatigue as a Condition of the Organism and Distinguishing It From Habituation, Adaptation, and Boredomp. 466
Research
Mental Effort Regulation and the Functional Impairment of the Driverp. 479
A Heavy Vehicle Drowsy Driver Detection and Warning System: Scientific Issues and Technical Challengesp. 503
Examining Work Schedules for Fatigue: It's Not Just Hours of Workp. 513
Practice
Managing Fatigue in the RoadTtransport Industry: An Occupational Safety and Health Solutionp. 531
Broadening Our View of Effective Solutions to Commercial Driver Fatiguep. 550
Fatigue and Workload in the Maritime Industryp. 566
Commentary
An Overview of Fatiguep. 581
Coping With Driver Fatigue: Is the Long Journey Nearly Over?p. 596
What Is Stress and What Is Fatigue?p. 607
Stress, Workload, and Fatigue as Three Biobehavioral States: A General Overviewp. 623
Author Indexp. 641
Subject Indexp. 663
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780805831788
ISBN-10: 0805831789
Series: Human Factors in Transportation (Hardcover)
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 700
Published: 1st November 2000
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.72 x 14.22  x 2.21
Weight (kg): 1.04
Edition Number: 1