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Stochastic Processes in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology : Lecture Notes in Physics - Jan A. Freund

Stochastic Processes in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

Lecture Notes in Physics

By: Jan A. Freund (Editor), Thorsten Poeschel (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: November 2000
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The theory of stochastic processes provides a huge arsenal of methods suitable for analyzing the influence of noise on a wide range of systems. Noise-induced, noise-supported or noise-enhanced effects sometimes offer an explanation for as yet open problems (information transmission in the nervous system & information processing in the brain, processes at the cell level, enzymatic reactions, etc.), or pave the way to novel technological applications. Noise can play a prominent role in structure formation in physics, chemistry & biology, e.g. current filaments in semiconductors, catalytic reactions on surfaces, complex dynamics of the heart, brain, or of ecosystems. The book reviews those aspects of applied stochastics addressing researchers as well as students.

Foreword: Lutz Schimansky-Geier: The earlier and the later yearsp. 1
Stochastic Transport and Brownian Motion
Directed current without dissipation: Reincarnation of a Maxwell-Loschmidt demonp. 7
Molecular motors and stochastic modelsp. 21
Nonlinearly coupled chemical reactionsp. 32
Thermodynamics of isothermal Brownian motorsp. 38
Rocking ratchets at high frequenciesp. 50
Defect dragging in periodic structuresp. 61
Conduction in an inhomogeneous mediump. 69
Theory and control of multiple hopping in activated surface diffusionp. 75
Brownian motion in a d-dimensional space with fluctuating frictionp. 85
Active motion of Brownian particlesp. 97
Diffusion in granular gases of viscoelastic particlesp. 107
Stochastic Resonance and Phase Synchronization
Scaling of noise and constructive aspects of fluctuationsp. 121
Stochastic resonances in underdamped bistable systemsp. 131
Stochastic resonance in a system of coupled asymmetric resonatorsp. 139
Optimizing information transmission in model neuronal ensembles: The role of internal noisep. 150
Stochastic resonance with images and spatially correlated stochastic patternsp. 160
Adiabatic and non-adiabatic resonances in excitable systemsp. 172
The lighthouse model of a neural net with delayp. 182
Noise-enhanced phase coherencein ensembles of stochastic resonatorsp. 190
Estimation of synchronization from noisy data with application to human brain activityp. 202
Nonequilibrium thermodynamics and dynamical complexityp. 212
Noise-Induced Phase Transitions and Reactive Processes
Noise-induced order in extended systems: A tutorialp. 235
Linear instability mechanisms of noise-induced phase transitionsp. 247
Parametric resonance revisitedp. 257
On noise-induced transitions in nonlinear oscillatorsp. 268
The Kramers oscillator revisitedp. 280
Reactive processes in low dimensions: Statistical and dynamical aspectsp. 292
On-offintermittency and stochastic stability in nematics driven by multiplicative noisep. 304
Effect of boundary condition fluctuations on Smoluchowski reaction ratesp. 316
Experimental studies of noise-induced phenomena in a tunnel diodep. 327
Quantum mechanical model of proton transfer in a fluctuating potential field of the active site of a-chymotrypsinp. 338
Large Fluctuations and Noise in Chaotic Systems
A gentle introduction to the integration of stochastic differential equationsp. 353
Controlling large fluctuations: Theory and experimentp. 365
Fluctuational escape from a chaotic attractorp. 378
Problems of a statistical ensemble theory for systems far from equilibriump. 390
Stochastic approach to Lyapunov exponents in coupled chaotic systemsp. 400
Peculiarities of nonhyperbolic chaosp. 411
Information of open systemsYu.p. 422
Structure Formation
Nonlinear spatiotemporal patterns in globally coupled reaction-diffusion systemsp. 437
Segregation effects in randomly mixed diffusion-controlled binary reactionsp. 452
Nonlinear waves on stochastic support: Calcium waves in astrocyte syncytiap. 463
Stochastic field equation for amorphous surface growthp. 473
Epitaxial growth with elastic interaction: Layer and cluster growthp. 484
Stochastic evolution of a discrete line: Numerical resultsp. 496
Structures in planetary rings - stability and gravitational scatteringp. 507
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540410744
ISBN-10: 3540410740
Series: Lecture Notes in Physics
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 518
Published: November 2000
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 2.03