This book contains the proceedings of a workshop, 'Statistical Methods for the Assess- ment of Point Source Pollution', held September 12-14, 1988, at the Canada Centre for Inland Waters in Burlington, Ontario, Canada. The objectives of the workshop were to: a) advance the art, science, and application of statistical methods to current water quality issues by stimulating discussions and disseminating ideas and information. The emphasis was on statistical problems associated with monitor- ing and controlling discharges from industries and municipalities and assessing the impact of these discharges on receiving water quality, b) provide a forum for managers, engineers, scientists, and statisticians to present and discuss techniques for evaluating water quality data and planning monitoring activities, c) provide a published state-of-the art summary of the application of statistical methods for the assessment of point source discharges and their impact on water qUality. The papers contained in this volume cover a number of topics that are of concern not only for monitoring and assessing point source pollution but also for other environmental problems.
Setting and Detecting Compliance.- Some Statistical Considerations in the Assessment of Compliance.- A Proposed Misa Approach to Setting Limits and Assessing Compliance.- Use of Statistical Methods in Industrial Water Pollution Control Regulations in the United States .- Continuous Effluent Consents: Modelling and Compliance Testing.- Auditing the Quality of Effluent Discharges.- Trend Detection.- Intervention Analysis in Environmental Engineering.- The Effect of Autocorrelated Errors on Change-Detection Statistics.- Time Series Analysis of Unequally Spaced Observations - With Applications to Copper Contamination of the River Gaula in Central Norway.- Treatment Plant Perfomance Evaluation.- A Statistics-Based System for Treatment Plant Operation.- State Estimation in Wastewater Engineering: Application to an Anaerobic Process.- Censored Data.- Some Comments on Analysis Techniques for Censored Water Quality Data.- Inferences about the Variability of Means from Censored Data.- Load Estimation.- Evaluation of Phosphorus Loads from Ontario Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants.- On the Estimation of Phosphorus from the Niagara River to Lake Ontario.- Status of the Niagara River Point Source Discharge Information: Sampling Design and Estimation of Loading.- Inferences about Point Source Loadings from Upstream/Downstream River Monitoring Data.- Miscellaneous.- Measures of Row Variability for Great Lakes Tributaries.- Statistical Zonation of Sediment Samples Using Ratio Matching and Cluster Analysis.- Graphics/Microcomputers.- Robust Graphical Methods for Diagnosing Trend in Irregularly Spaced Water Quality Time Series.- Development of a Software Package for Trend Detection in Temporal Series: Application to Water and Industrial Effluent Quality Data for the St. Lawrence River.- Statistical Software for Microcomputers - A User's View.- Glossary of Statistical Terms.