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Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure - Alice F. Sturgis

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Published: 19th February 1996
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This completely revised and updated alternative to "Robert's Rules" is a comprehensive and logical guide to conducting smoothly functioning, formal organizational meetings. The third edition updates parliamentary procedure for contemporary practice, clarifies confusing laws, and eliminates obsolete, arcane motions while retaining all essential safeguards. Its clear, non-technical language makes it accessible to everyone. And its special section of answers to the most frequently asked questions should be particularly useful for newcomers to parliamentary procedure.

To the Readerp. xx
Introductionp. xxii
The Significance of Parliamentary Law
Parliamentary Law Safeguards Rightsp. 1
What Is Parliamentary Law?p. 2
What Organizations Must Observe Parliamentary Law?p. 3
When Must Organizations Observe Parliamentary Law?p. 4
Where Parliamentary Rules Are Foundp. 4
Requirements for a Parliamentary Authorityp. 5
Fundamental Principles of Parliamentary Law
The Purpose of Parliamentary Lawp. 7
Equality of Rightsp. 8
Majority Decisionp. 8
Minority Rightsp. 8
The Right of Discussionp. 9
The Right to Informationp. 9
Fairness and Good Faithp. 9
Presentation of Motions
Steps in Presenting a Motionp. 11
Addressing the Presiding Officerp. 11
Recognition by the Presiding Officerp. 12
Proposal of a Motion by a Memberp. 13
Seconding a Motionp. 13
Statement of a Motion by the Presiding Officerp. 14
Example of the Presentation of a Motionp. 14
Classification of Motions
Classes of Motionsp. 15
Main Motionsp. 15
Subsidiary Motionsp. 16
Privileged Motionsp. 16
Incidental Motionsp. 16
Classification of Unlisted Motionsp. 17
Changes in Classification of Motionsp. 18
Precedence of Motions
Order of Precedencep. 20
Basic Rules of Precedencep. 21
Example of Precedencep. 21
Rules Governing Motions
The Basic Rules of Motionsp. 23
What Is the Precedence of the Motion?p. 23
Can the Motion Interrupt a Speaker?p. 24
Does the Motion Require a Second?p. 24
Is the Motion Debatable?p. 25
Can the Motion Be Amended?p. 25
What Vote Does the Motion Require?p. 26
To What Other Motions Can the Motion Apply?p. 26
What Other Motions Can Be Applied to the Motion?p. 27
When Can a Motion Be Renewed?p. 28
Chart: Changing Main Motions Already Voted Onp. 29
Main Motions
The Main Motion
Purposep. 30
Formp. 30
The Main Motion Definedp. 31
Phrasing the Main Motionp. 31
The Main Motion in Resolution Formp. 32
Discussion on the Main Motionp. 32
Disposition of the Main Motionp. 32
Effect of Adopting the Main Motionp. 33
Rules Governing the Main Motionp. 33
Motion to Reconsider
Purposep. 33
Formp. 34
What Votes Can Be Reconsidered?p. 34
Proposal of the Motion to Reconsiderp. 34
Who Can Move to Reconsider?p. 35
Debate on the Motion to Reconsiderp. 36
Effect of Adopting the Motion to Reconsiderp. 36
Rules Governing the Motion to Reconsiderp. 37
Motion to Rescind
Purposep. 37
Formp. 37
What Motions May Be Rescinded?p. 38
Vote Required to Rescindp. 38
Rescind and Expungep. 38
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Rescindp. 38
Rules Governing the Motion to Rescindp. 39
Motion to Resume Consideration
Purposep. 39
Formp. 39
Limitations on the Motion to Resume Considerationp. 40
Precedence over Other Main Motionsp. 40
Adhering Motions and Resuming Considerationp. 40
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Resume Considerationp. 41
Rules Governing the Motion to Resume Considerationp. 41
Subsidiary Motions
Motion to Amend
Purposep. 42
Formp. 42
What Motions May Be Amended?p. 43
Amendments Must Be Germanep. 44
Amendments May Be Hostilep. 44
Limitations on Pending Amendmentsp. 45
Debate on Amendmentsp. 46
Amendment by Substitution of a New Motionp. 46
Filling Blanksp. 47
Withdrawing and Accepting Amendmentsp. 47
Adhering Amendmentsp. 48
Voting on Amendmentsp. 48
Vote Required on Amendmentsp. 49
Amending Actions Already Takenp. 49
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Amendp. 49
Rules Governing the Motion to Amendp. 49
Motion to Refer to Committee
Purposep. 50
Formp. 50
Provisions Included in the Motion to Referp. 51
Instructions to a Committeep. 51
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Referp. 52
Rules Governing the Motion to Referp. 52
Motion to Postpone Definitely
Purposep. 53
Formp. 53
Differences in Postponing Temporarily and Definitelyp. 53
Limitations on the Motion to Postpone Definitelyp. 54
Postponing as a General or Special Orderp. 54
Types of Postponementp. 55
Consideration of Postponed Motionsp. 55
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Postpone Definitelyp. 55
Rules Governing the Motion to Postpone Definitelyp. 56
Motion to Limit or Extend Debate
Purposep. 56
Formp. 56
Types of Limitations on Debatep. 57
How Limiting Debate Affects Pending Motionsp. 57
Termination of the Motion to Limit Debatep. 57
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Limit Debatep. 58
Rules Governing the Motion to Limit Debatep. 58
Motion to Close Debate
Purposep. 58
Formp. 58
Confusion Caused by Former Namep. 59
Proposal of the Motion to Close Debatep. 59
How Closing Debate Affects Pending Motionsp. 60
Termination of the Motion to Close Debatep. 60
Two-thirds Vote Requiredp. 60
Question!p. 61
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Close Debatep. 61
Rules Governing the Motion to Close Debatep. 61
Motion to Postpone Temporarily
Purposep. 62
Formp. 62
Reasons for Postponing Temporarilyp. 62
Time Limits on the Motion to Postpone Temporarilyp. 62
Adhering Motions Also Postponedp. 63
Use of the Term "to Table"p. 63
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Postpone Temporarilyp. 64
Rules Governing the Motion to Postpone Temporarilyp. 64
Privileged Motions
Question of Privilege
Purposep. 66
Formp. 66
Member's Right to Request Privilegep. 67
Interruption by a Question of Privilegep. 67
Privileges of the Assemblyp. 68
Personal Privilegesp. 68
Motions as Questions of Privilegep. 68
Effect of Proposing a Question of Privilegep. 69
Rules Governing a Question of Privilege (Request)p. 69
Motion to Recess
Purposep. 70
Formp. 70
Difference Between Recess and Adjournp. 70
Limitations and Restrictions on the Motion to Recessp. 70
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Recessp. 71
Rules Governing the Motion to Recessp. 71
Motion to Adjourn
Purposep. 72
Formp. 72
Qualified and Unqualified Motions to Adjournp. 72
Completion of Business Before Adjournmentp. 73
Adjournment to a Later Timep. 73
Adjournment and Dissolutionp. 74
Voting on Adjournmentp. 74
Adjournment at Previously Fixed Timep. 75
Business Interrupted by Adjournmentp. 75
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Adjournp. 76
Rules Governing the Motion to Adjournp. 76
Incidental Motions
Motion to Appeal
Purposep. 77
Formp. 77
When an Appeal May Be Takenp. 78
Statement of the Question on Appealp. 78
Statement of the Reasons for Appealp. 78
Vote on an Appealp. 78
Effect of the Motion to Appealp. 79
Rules Governing the Motion to Appealp. 79
Motion to Suspend Rules
Purposep. 79
Formp. 80
Which Rules Can Be Suspended?p. 80
Which Rules Cannot Be Suspended?p. 80
Restrictions and Time Limits on Suspension of Rulesp. 81
The "Gordian Knot" Motionp. 81
Effect of Adoption of the Motion to Suspend Rulesp. 82
Rules Governing the Motion to Suspend Rulesp. 82
Point of Order
Purposep. 83
Formp. 83
How Points of Order Arisep. 83
When a Point of Order May Be Raisedp. 84
Ruling on Points of Orderp. 84
Effect of Request for Point of Orderp. 85
Rules Governing Point of Orderp. 85
Parliamentary Inquiry
Purposep. 86
Formp. 86
Right of Members to Inquirep. 87
When an Inquiry Interruptsp. 87
Inquiry Addressed to the Presiding Officerp. 87
Effect of Request for Parliamentary Inquiryp. 88
Effect of Interruptionp. 88
Rules Governing Parliamentary Inquiryp. 89
Request to Withdraw a Motion
Purposep. 89
Formp. 89
Right of the Proposer to Withdraw a Motionp. 90
Permission to Withdraw a Motionp. 90
Recording Withdrawn Motionsp. 90
Effect of Request to Withdraw a Motionp. 91
Rules Governing Request to Withdraw a Motionp. 91
Request for Division of Question
Purposep. 91
Formp. 91
Motions That the Presiding Officer Can Dividep. 92
Motions That the Presiding Officer Cannot Dividep. 93
When Division of Question May Be Proposedp. 93
Alternative Proposals for Dividing a Questionp. 93
Effect of Request for Division of Questionp. 93
Rules Governing Request for Division of Questionp. 94
Request for Division of Assembly
Purposep. 94
Formp. 94
When Division May Be Requestedp. 95
Verification of a Vote by the Presiding Officerp. 95
Effect of Request for Division of Assemblyp. 95
Rules Governing Request for Division of Assemblyp. 95
Notice of Meetings and Proposals
Importance of Noticep. 97
Notice Protects Membersp. 97
Notice of Meetingsp. 97
Notice of Proposed Actionsp. 99
Waiver of Noticep. 100
Meetings
Meetings and Conventions Definedp. 101
Regular Meetingsp. 101
Special Meetingsp. 102
Continued Meetingsp. 102
Failure to Call Meetingsp. 103
Quorum
Necessity for a Quorump. 104
Quorum Requirementsp. 104
Computing a Quorump. 105
Raising a Question on Quorump. 105
Presumption of a Quorump. 106
Order of Business
Usual Order of Businessp. 107
Flexibility in the Order of Businessp. 108
Agendap. 108
Consent Agendap. 109
Call to Orderp. 109
Reading of Minutesp. 109
Postponement of Reading of Minutesp. 110
"Dispensing" with Reading of Minutesp. 110
Reports of Officersp. 111
Reports of Committeesp. 112
Unfinished Businessp. 112
New Businessp. 113
Announcementsp. 113
Adjournmentp. 113
Debate
The Right of Debatep. 114
Extent of Debate on Motionsp. 114
Obtaining the Floor for Debatep. 115
Recognition of Members During Debatep. 115
Speaking More Than Oncep. 116
What Is Not Debate?p. 116
Relevancy in Debatep. 116
Dilatory Tacticsp. 117
Members' Conduct During Debatep. 117
Presiding Officer's Duties During Debatep. 118
Time Limits on Debatep. 119
Cutting Off Debatep. 119
Bringing a Question to Votep. 119
Informal Considerationp. 120
Votes Required for Valid Actions
Significance of a Majority Votep. 122
Requiring More Than a Majority Votep. 123
Requiring Less Than a Majority Votep. 124
Importance of Defining the Vote Requiredp. 124
Different Meanings of Majority Votep. 125
Plurality Votep. 126
Unanimous Votep. 127
Tie Votep. 128
Vote of the Presiding Officerp. 128
Computation of a Two-thirds Votep. 129
Computing a Majority for Separate Questionsp. 129
Computing a Majority When Electing a Groupp. 130
Voting Separately for Equal Positionsp. 131
When Members Cannot Votep. 131
Methods of Voting
Voting Is a Fundamental Rightp. 133
Voting in Meetingsp. 133
Voice Votep. 134
Rising Votep. 134
Roll Call Votep. 135
Ballot Votep. 135
Voting by General Consentp. 136
Voting by Mailp. 136
Voting by Proxyp. 138
Changing a Votep. 138
Announcing the Result of a Votep. 138
All Votes Binding During a Meetingp. 139
Nominations and Elections
Choosing Organization Leadersp. 140
Bylaw Provisions on Nominations and Electionsp. 140
Nominations from the Floorp. 141
Voting for Candidates Not Nominatedp. 142
Selecting a Nominating Committeep. 142
Duties of a Nominating Committeep. 143
Qualifications of Nomineesp. 144
Nomination to More Than One Officep. 144
Nominating Committee Members as Candidatesp. 145
Single and Multiple Slatep. 145
Election Committeep. 146
Counting Ballotsp. 146
Determining Legality of Ballotsp. 147
Report of Election Committee or Tellersp. 148
Vote Necessary to Electp. 149
Casting of Ballot by the Secretaryp. 149
Motion to Make a Vote Unanimousp. 150
When Elections Become Effectivep. 150
Challenging a Votep. 151
Challenging an Electionp. 151
Officers
The President as Leaderp. 153
The President as Administratorp. 153
The President as Presiding Officerp. 154
When the President Presidesp. 156
The President-electp. 156
The Vice Presidentp. 157
The Secretaryp. 157
The Corresponding Secretaryp. 159
The Treasurerp. 159
The Member Parliamentarianp. 160
The Sergeant-at-Armsp. 160
Honorary Officersp. 160
Powers and Liabilities of Officersp. 161
Delegation of Authority by Officers and Boardsp. 161
Term of Officep. 162
Vacanciesp. 163
Removal of Officersp. 164
Committees and Boards
Importance of Committeesp. 166
Advantages of Committeesp. 166
Standing Committeesp. 167
Special Committeesp. 167
Committees for Deliberationp. 168
Committees for Actionp. 168
Selection of the Committee Chairmanp. 168
Selection of the Committee Membersp. 168
Ex Officio Members of Committeesp. 169
Powers, Rights, and Duties of Committeesp. 169
Working Materials for Committeesp. 170
Committee Meetings Limited to Membersp. 171
Procedure in Committee Meetingsp. 172
Committee Hearingsp. 172
The Board of Directorsp. 173
The Executive Committee of the Boardp. 174
Conflicts of Interestp. 174
Committee Reports and Recommendations
Form of Committee Reports and Recommendationsp. 175
Agreement on Committee Reportsp. 176
Presentation of Committee Reportsp. 176
Consideration of Committee Reportsp. 177
Record of Committee Reportsp. 178
Minority Reportsp. 178
Presentation of Committee Recommendationsp. 179
Conventions and Their Committees
General Structure of Conventionsp. 181
Instruction of Delegatesp. 181
Convention Committeesp. 182
Use of Reference (or Resolutions) Committeesp. 183
Duties of Reference Committeesp. 185
Hearings of Reference Committeesp. 186
Reports of Reference Committeesp. 186
Minutes
Importance of Minutesp. 188
Responsibility for Minutesp. 188
Preparing Minutesp. 189
Reading and Correction of Minutesp. 189
Approval of Minutesp. 190
What Minutes Should Containp. 190
What Minutes Should Not Containp. 191
The Minute Bookp. 192
Charters, Bylaws, and Rules
Types of Chartersp. 193
Constitution and Bylawsp. 194
Drafting Bylawsp. 194
Adoption of the Original Bylawsp. 194
When Bylaws Go into Effectp. 195
Provisions for Amending Bylawsp. 195
Proposing Amendments to Bylawsp. 196
Form for Proposed Amendments to Bylawsp. 196
Considering Amendments to Bylawsp. 197
Vote Required on Amendments to Bylawsp. 198
Revision of Bylawsp. 199
Interpreting Bylaws and Rulesp. 199
Special and Standing Rulesp. 199
Parliamentary Authorityp. 200
Detailed Proceduresp. 200
Supplementing Procedural Rules by Motionsp. 200
Adopted Policiesp. 201
Finances
Setting Up Financial Recordsp. 203
Report of the Treasurerp. 203
Report of the Auditorp. 203
Financial Safeguardsp. 204
Legal Classifications of Organizations
Meeting to Form an Organizationp. 206
Temporary and Permanent Organizationsp. 207
Incorporated and Unincorporated Organizationsp. 207
Statutory Requirementsp. 208
Nonprofit Organizationsp. 209
Rights of Members and of Organizations
Relationship Between Member and Organizationp. 210
Rights of Membersp. 211
Rights of Organizationsp. 212
Relationship of Individual and Organizational Rightsp. 213
Discipline and Expulsion of Membersp. 213
Resignationsp. 215
Staff and Consultants
The Executive Secretaryp. 217
The Accountantp. 217
The Consultant to Nonprofit Organizationsp. 218
The Attorneyp. 218
The Parliamentarianp. 219
Dealing with Disapproved or Obsolete Motions
Adjourning to an Adjourned Meetingp. 221
Call for the Orders of the Dayp. 221
Committee of the Wholep. 222
Dispense with the Reading of the Minutesp. 222
Fix the Time to Which to Adjournp. 223
Object to Considerationp. 223
Postpone Indefinitelyp. 224
The Previous Questionp. 225
Quasi-Committee of the Wholep. 225
Reconsider and Enter on the Minutesp. 225
Simplification of Motion to Reconsiderp. 226
Often-Asked Questionsp. 227
Governmental Boards, Councils, Commissions, and Committeesp. 241
Governmental Bodies and Parliamentary Lawp. 241
Organization of Governmental Bodiesp. 242
Notice Requirementsp. 243
Quorump. 243
Minutesp. 244
Presiding Officerp. 245
Powers and Duties of Membersp. 245
No Seconds Requiredp. 246
Votingp. 246
Vacanciesp. 247
Removal of Membersp. 247
Parliamentary Authorityp. 248
Rights of Citizens Attending Meetingsp. 248
Suggested Bylaw Provisions for A Local Organizationp. 249
Model Minutesp. 251
Notesp. 255
Definitions of Parliamentary Termsp. 257
Principal Rules Governing Motionsp. 264
Incidental Motionsp. 264
The Chief Purposes of Motionsp. 266
Indexp. 267
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780070625228
ISBN-10: 0070625220
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 308
Published: 19th February 1996
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education - Europe
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 1.7
Weight (kg): 0.39
Edition Number: 3
Edition Type: Revised