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Stability in Model Populations (MPB-31) : Monographs in Population Biology - Laurence D. Mueller

Stability in Model Populations (MPB-31)

Monographs in Population Biology

Paperback

Published: 1st December 2000
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Throughout the twentieth century, biologists investigated the mechanisms that stabilize biological populations, populations which--if unchecked by such agencies as competition and predation--should grow geometrically. How is order in nature maintained in the face of the seemingly disorderly struggle for existence? In this book, Laurence Mueller and Amitabh Joshi examine current theories of population stability and show how recent laboratory research on model populations--particularly blowflies, "Tribolium, " and "Drosophila"--contributes to our understanding of population dynamics and the evolution of stability.

The authors review the general theory of population stability and critically analyze techniques for inferring whether a given population is in balance or not. They then show how rigorous empirical research can reveal both the proximal causes of stability (how populations are regulated and maintained at an equilibrium, including the relative roles of biotic and abiotic factors) and its ultimate, mostly evolutionary causes. In the process, they describe experimental studies on model systems that address the effects of age-structure, inbreeding, resource levels, and population structure on the stability and persistence of populations. The discussion incorporates the authors' own findings on the evolution of population stability in "Drosophila." They go on to relate laboratory work to studies of animals in the wild and to develop a general framework for relating the life history and ecology of a species to its population dynamics.

This accessible, finely written illustration of how carefully designed experiments can improve theory will have tremendous value for all ecologists and evolutionary biologists.

"[This] book is a good introduction to one aspect of recent advances in population biology, and provides the rationale for further studies of laboratory systems."--Alan Hastings, Trends in Ecology & Evolution

Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Introduction Historical Development of the Concept of Population Stabilityp. 7
What Is Stability?p. 9
Slability in Metapopulationsp. 12
Why Are We Interested in Stabilityp. 18
Population Extinctionp. 18
Effective Population Sizep. 18
Fitness in Age-Structured Populationsp. 20
Why Conduct Laboratory Experiments?p. 20
Laboratory Studies of Population Biologyp. 23
Starting Populationsp. 23
Lab Adaptationp. 25
Replicate Populationsp. 26
Measuring Genetic Differencesp. 28
Evaluating Models in Population Biologyp. 29
General Versus Speicifc Modelsp. 31
Theory of Population Stabilityp. 33
First-Order Nonlinear Difference and Differential Equationsp. 34
Stability of First-Order Nonlinear Difference and Differential Equationsp. 39
Population Cycles and Chaosp. 46
Cyclesp. 46
Chaosp. 48
Second-and Higher-Order Modelsp. 52
Age Structurep. 53
Pre-Adult Density Effects on Adult Reproductionp. 60
Evolution of Population Stabilityp. 65
Techniques for Assessing Population Stabilityp. 71
Linearized Population Dynamics in the Vicinity of an Equilibriump. 72
Model-Based Estimates of Stabilityp. 77
Models Chosen Priorip. 79
Models Estiminated from Datap. 85
Time-Series Analysisp. 90
Chaosp. 97
Time Seriesp. 97
Detecting Chaosp. 99
Blowfliesp. 110
Life History of Lucilla cuprina in the Laboratoryp. 111
Dynamic of Lucilia cuprina Populationsp. 115
Modeling the Dynamics of Lucilia cuprina Populationsp. 126
Triboliump. 132
Life History of Tribolium in the Laboratoryp. 133
Pre-Adult Stagesp. 134
Adult Stagep. 139
A Model of Tribolium Population Dynamicsp. 143
A Model of Egg-Larva Dynamicsp. 145
The Larva-Pupa-Adult Modelp. 151
Empirical Evaluation of the Larva-Pupa-Adult Modelp. 157
Drosophilap. 178
Life History of Drosophila in the Laboratoryp. 179
Larvaep. 180
Adultsp. 183
A Model of Populalion Dynamicsp. 186
Stability of Large Laboratory Populationsp. 193
Stability of Small Laboratory Populationsp. 196
Assessment of the Drosophila Modelp. 208
Stability in Laboratory Metapopulationsp. 209
Age-Structured Populationsp. 221
Evolution of Population Dynamicsp. 225
Increased Risk of Population Extinction with Inbreedingp. 230
Evolution of Population Stabilityp. 233
Natural Populationsp. 244
Simple Modelsp. 245
Surveys Using Reponse Surface Methodsp. 246
Detailed Studies of Single Populationsp. 250
Soay Sheep and Red Deerp. 250
Perennial Grass, Agrostis scabrap. 252
Lemmings and Volesp. 253
Red Grousep. 257
Why Is Chaos Rare in Natural Populations?p. 259
Conclusionsp. 262
A Heuristic Framework for Viewing Population Dynamics and Stabilityp. 262
Lucilia cuprina, Tribolium, and Drosophila Comparedp. 273
Model Systems in Ecology: Where Next?p. 280
Referencesp. 287
Author Indexp. 311
Suhject Indexp. 316
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691007335
ISBN-10: 0691007330
Series: Monographs in Population Biology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 336
Published: 1st December 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 14.0  x 1.75
Weight (kg): 0.39