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Spin Electronics - David D. Awschalom

Spin Electronics

By: David D. Awschalom (Editor), Robert A. Buhrman (Editor), James M. Daughton (Editor), Stephan von Molnar (Editor), Michael Lee Roukes (Editor)

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Published: 31st December 2003
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The history of scientific research and technological development is replete with examples of breakthroughs that have advanced the frontiers of knowledge, but seldom does it record events that constitute paradigm shifts in broad areas of intellectual pursuit. One notable exception, however, is that of spin electronics (also called spintronics, magnetoelectronics or magnetronics), wherein information is carried by electron spin in addition to, or in place of, electron charge. It is now well established in scientific and engineering communities that Moore's Law, having been an excellent predictor of integrated circuit density and computer performance since the 1970s, now faces great challenges as the scale of electronic devices has been reduced to the level where quantum effects become significant factors in device operation. Electron spin is one such effect that offers the opportunity to continue the gains predicted by Moore's Law, by taking advantage of the confluence of magnetics and semiconductor electronics in the newly emerging discipline of spin electronics. From a fundamental viewpoine, spin-polarization transport in a material occurs when there is an imbalance of spin populations at the Fermi energy. In ferromagnetic metals this imbalance results from a shift in the energy states available to spin-up and spin-down electrons. In practical applications, a ferromagnetic metal may be used as a source of spin-polarized electronics to be injected into a semiconductor, a superconductor or a normal metal, or to tunnel through an insulating barrier.

Preface
Foreword
List of Figures
Executive Summary
Spin Electronics-Is It the Technology of the Future?
Introduction
This Study
Spin Electronics: A Significant Field of Scientific Inquiry? Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References
Materials for Semiconductor Spin Electronics
Discussion
Conclusions
References
Fabrication and Characterization of Magnetic Nanostructures
Background and Overview
Fabrication of Magnetic Nanostructures
Characterization of Magnetic Nanostructures
Near-term Perspective and Interim Conclusions
References
Spin Injection, Spin Transport and Spin Transfer
Background and Overview
Research Activities in Japan
Research Activities in Europe
Concluding Comments
References
Optoelectronic Manipulation of Spin in Semiconductors
Introduction
Optoelectronic Manipulation of Spin Coherence in Semiconductors and Nanostructures
Spin Transport in Heterostructures and Coherent Spintronics
Role of Disorder in Spin-based Electronics
Magnetic Doping in Semiconductor Heterostructures: Integration of Magnetics and Electronics
Optical Manipulation of Nuclear Spins
Artificial Atoms in the Solid State: Quantum Dots
Outlook and General Conclusions
References
Magnetoelectronic Devices
Overview of Issues for Magnetoelectronic Devices
Salient Features of Magnetoelectronics Research in Europe and Japan
Comparison of Japan and Europe Research with that in the United States
References
Appendices
Biographies of Team Members
Site Reports-Europe
Site Reports รป Japan
Highlights of Recent U.S. Research and Development Activities
Glossary
Index of Sites
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402018022
ISBN-10: 1402018029
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 198
Published: 31st December 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.57