+612 9045 4394
Speciation - Jerry A. Coyne

Paperback Published: 28th May 2004
ISBN: 9780878930890
Number Of Pages: 480

Share This Book:


RRP $227.99
or 4 easy payments of $39.44 with Learn more
Ships in 15 business days

Over the last two decades, the study of speciation has expanded
from a modest backwater of evolutionary biology into a large and
vigorous discipline. Thus, the literature on speciation, as well as the
number of researchers and students working in this area, has
grown explosively. Despite these developments, there has been no
book-length treatment of speciation in many years. As a result,
both the seasoned scholar and the newcomer to evolutionary
biology had no ready guide to the recent literature on speciation-a
body of work that is enormous, scattered, and increasingly
technical. Although several excellent symposium volumes have
recently appeared, these collections do not provide a unified,
critical, and up-to-date overview of the field. Speciation is designed
to fill this gap.

Aimed at professional biologists, graduate students, and advanced
undergraduates, Speciation covers both plants and animals (the
first book on this subject to do so), and deals with all relevant areas
of research, including biogeography, field work, systematics,
theory, and genetic and molecular studies. It gives special
emphasis to topics that are either controversial or the subject of
active research, including sympatric speciation, reinforcement, the
role of hybridization in speciation, the search for genes causing
reproductive isolation, and mounting evidence for the role of
natural and sexual selection in the origin of species. The authors do
not hesitate to take stands on these and other controversial issues.
This critical and scholarly book will be invaluable to researchers in
evolutionary biology and is also ideal for a graduate-level course
on speciation.

Coyne and Orr have done the field a great favour by synthesising so much research so comprehensively. I think the book will serve its purpose of teaching upcoming (and existing) generations of evolutionary biologists of what we do and do not know about speciation. It will literally be the point of reference for the next ten years. * Menno Schilthuizen, BioEssays *
Coyne and Orr's thorough and thoughtful review of speciation ranges over the entire field and examines it dispassionately. Theirs is a remarkable work of synthesis, and it belongs on every biologist's bookshelf. On the whole, this book is a wonderful resource and a fine example of what happens when clever scientists take a clear and unbiased look at the evidence. It will, I predict, join the pantheon of really important books about evolution. * Christopher Wills, Journal of Heredity *
I highly recommend this deeply insightful book. The field of speciation research was in need of a sagacious update, and this benchmark work will provide a solid foundation for further scientific inquiry into what has been one of evolution's most engaging and enduring mysteries. * John C. Avise, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine *
Coyne and Orr's Speciation has been eagerly awaited. If its messages are heeded, it will bring much-needed order and rigor to the current burst of activity. Systematic and incisive analysis is what makes the book so powerful. Coyne and Orr have done the field a great service by providing such a clear analysis of the status quo. Hopefully, a wide audience will read the book, apply similarly rigorous arguments and direct their research efforts more profitably as a result. * Roger K. Butlin, Evolution *

Introductionp. 1
Species: Reality and Conceptsp. 9
The Reality of Speciesp. 10
Sexually reproducing eukaryotic taxap. 12
Groups with little or no sexual reproductionp. 17
Conclusionsp. 25
Species Conceptsp. 25
The biological species concept (BSC)p. 26
Advantages of the BSCp. 38
Problems with the BSCp. 39
Other species conceptsp. 48
Why Are There Species?p. 48
Studying Speciationp. 55
The Problem of Speciationp. 57
Identifying and Measuring Reproductive Isolationp. 61
Absolute strength of isolating barriersp. 62
Relative strength of isolating barriersp. 63
Prezygotic versus postzygotic isolationp. 65
Which isolating barriers caused speciation?p. 69
Comparative Studies of Isolating Barriersp. 72
How fast does reproductive isolation appear?p. 72
Which traits promote the evolution of reproductive isolation?p. 81
Allopatric and Parapatric Speciationp. 83
Allopatric Speciationp. 85
Vicariant speciationp. 86
Peripatric speciationp. 105
Parapatric Speciationp. 111
Theoryp. 112
Experimental evidencep. 117
Evidence from naturep. 118
Conclusionsp. 123
Sympatric Speciationp. 125
Theoryp. 127
Disruptive sexual selectionp. 128
Disruptive natural selectionp. 130
Conclusionsp. 136
Experimental Evidencep. 138
Evidence from Naturep. 141
Evidence from habitat "islands"p. 143
Evidence from host races and host-specific speciesp. 157
Allochronic (temporal) isolation in sympatryp. 166
Comparative studies of the biogeography of speciationp. 168
Conclusionsp. 175
Ecological Isolationp. 179
Habitat Isolationp. 182
Detecting and measuring habitat isolationp. 184
The problem of allopatryp. 185
Examples of habitat isolationp. 186
Relative importance of habitat isolationp. 188
The evolution of habitat isolationp. 188
The genetics of habitat isolationp. 191
Pollinator (Floral) Isolationp. 193
Detecting and measuring pollinator isolationp. 194
Examples of pollinator isolationp. 195
Relative importance of pollinator isolationp. 197
The evolution of pollinator isolationp. 198
The genetics of pollinator isolationp. 201
Temporal (Allochronic) Isolationp. 202
Detecting and measuring temporal isolationp. 203
Examples of temporal isolationp. 204
Relative importance of temporal isolationp. 205
The evolution of temporal isolationp. 206
The genetics of temporal isolationp. 210
Conclusionsp. 210
Behavioral and Nonecological Isolationp. 211
Mating System "Isolation"p. 211
Behavioral Isolationp. 213
Detecting and measuring behavioral isolationp. 213
Examples of behavioral isolationp. 214
Relative importance of behavioral isolationp. 215
The evolution of behavioral isolationp. 216
The genetics of behavioral isolationp. 223
Mechanical Isolationp. 227
Examples of mechanical isolationp. 228
Relative importance of mechanical isolationp. 229
The evolution of mechanical isolationp. 230
The genetics of mechanical isolationp. 231
Gametic (Postmating, Prezygotic) Isolationp. 232
Examples of gametic isolationp. 233
Relative importance of gametic isolationp. 238
The evolution of gametic isolationp. 241
Conclusionsp. 245
Postzygotic Isolationp. 247
Extrinsic Postzygotic Isolationp. 249
Intrinsic Postzygotic Isolationp. 253
The Frequency of Various Forms of Postzygotic Isolationp. 255
The Evolution of Extrinsic versus Intrinsic Postzygotic Isolationp. 255
Genetic Modes of Intrinsic Postzygotic Isolationp. 256
Chromosomal speciation: theoryp. 256
Chromosomal speciation: datap. 259
Genic incompatibilitiesp. 267
The evolution of genic incompatibilities: the Dobzhansky-Muller modelp. 269
Mathematical models of genic speciationp. 272
Wolbachia and cytoplasmic incompatibilityp. 276
Conclusionsp. 280
The Genetics of Postzygotic Isolationp. 283
Haldane's Rulep. 284
The phenomenonp. 284
The causes of Haldane's rulep. 286
Conclusionsp. 298
The Genetic Basis of Postzygotic Isolationp. 299
How many genes cause postzygotic isolation?p. 299
Complexity of hybrid incompatibilitiesp. 307
Probability of hybrid incompatibilitiesp. 308
Where are the genes causing postzygotic isolation?p. 308
Developmental basis of postzygotic isolationp. 309
Are duplicate genes important?p. 312
Which genes cause postzygotic isolation?p. 313
Polyploidy and Hybrid Speciationp. 321
Polyploidyp. 321
Classificationp. 322
Pathways to polyploidyp. 324
Incidencep. 326
Frequency of auto- versus allopolyploidyp. 328
Ecology and persistencep. 330
Why is polyploidy rarer in animals than in plants?p. 333
Recombinational Speciationp. 337
What is recombinational speciation?p. 337
Theoryp. 338
The data: frequency and artificial hybridsp. 342
The data: natural recombinational speciationp. 344
The data meet the theoryp. 350
Reinforcementp. 353
The Datap. 354
Selection experimentsp. 355
Evidence from nature: case studiesp. 357
Evidence from nature: comparative studiesp. 362
Reinforcement of postzygotic isolationp. 365
The Theoryp. 366
Early enthusiasmp. 366
Objections to reinforcementp. 369
The revival of reinforcementp. 372
Alternative Explanationsp. 375
Publication biasp. 375
Differential fusionp. 376
Direct ecological effectsp. 377
Ecological character displacementp. 377
Runaway sexual selectionp. 378
Sympatric speciationp. 378
Distinguishing the Alternativesp. 379
Selection versus Driftp. 383
Speciation by Selectionp. 383
Natural selectionp. 385
Sexual selectionp. 386
Mathematical theories of selection-based speciationp. 387
Speciation by Driftp. 387
Peak shift modelsp. 388
Theoretical Criticismsp. 394
Recent Peak Shift Modelsp. 396
The Datap. 398
Evidence from the laboratoryp. 398
Evidence from naturep. 401
Conclusionsp. 410
Speciation and Macroevolutionp. 411
Rates of Speciationp. 411
What is a speciation rate?p. 412
Theory and speciation ratesp. 413
Calculating speciation intervalsp. 416
Extreme rates of speciationp. 425
What is the effect of biogeography?p. 427
Conclusionsp. 428
Factors Affecting Speciation Ratesp. 429
Tests for the effects of key factorsp. 431
Distinguishing speciation from extinctionp. 435
The datap. 436
Conclusionsp. 441
Species Selectionp. 442
A Catalogue and Critique of Species Conceptsp. 447
Genotypic Cluster Species Conceptp. 447
Recognition Species Conceptp. 451
Cohesion Species Conceptp. 452
Evolutionary Species Conceptp. 456
Ecological Species Conceptp. 457
Phylogenetic Species Conceptsp. 459
Referencesp. 473
Author Indexp. 523
Subject Indexp. 533
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780878930890
ISBN-10: 0878930892
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 480
Published: 28th May 2004
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 17.7  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.82
Edition Number: 1