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Spatial Cognition : Geographic Environments - R. Lloyd

Spatial Cognition

Geographic Environments

By: R. Lloyd

Hardcover Published: 31st January 1997
ISBN: 9780792343752
Number Of Pages: 287

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10.2 Summary of Ideas ..................................................... 256 10.2.1 Spatial Behavior As Rules For Decision Making ................................... 258 10.2.2. Cognitive Mapping ......................................................................... 258 10.2.3. Storing Information ................................................. " ...................... 260 10.2.4. Searching ..................................................................................... 260 10.2.5. Learning ........................................................................................ 261 10.2.6. Judging Similarity .......................................................................... 261 10.2.7 Neural Geographic Information Science (NGIS) .................................... 262 REFERENCES ............................................... 265 INDEX ........................ .............. 279 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................... 287 x LIST OF TABLES Table 8.1: The types of similarity comparisons created for the experiment to determine the effect ofx as a first or second common or distinctive feature (Lloyd, Rostkowska-Covington, and Steinke 1996). Table 9.1: Data used to compute the gravity model using regression and a neural network. Data for all variables are scaled so that the highest value equals 0.9 and the lowest value equals 0.1. Table 9.2: Class means for 11 socio-economic and life-cycle variables for the Black, Integrated, and White classes. Table 9.3: Weights for neuron at row 5 and column 1 that learned the blue horizontal rectangle map symbol. LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1.1: Spatial cognition is a research area of interest for both geography and psychology. Both disciplines are interested in fundamental ideas related to encoding processes, internal representations, and decoding processes. Figure 1.2: The place names on this map of New Orleans depict the propositions used for navigation by local residents. A similar map appeared in the June 30, 1991, edition of The Times-Picayune.

List of Tables and Figures
Preface
Geography and Cognitive Sciencep. 1
A Connectionist Approach to Spatial Cognitionp. 25
Cognitive Mapsp. 44
Storing Spatial Information in Memoryp. 70
Spatial Search Processesp. 93
Learning Geographic Informationp. 119
Spatial Prototypesp. 151
Similarityp. 185
Neural Network Applicationsp. 216
Conclusionsp. 256
Referencesp. 265
Indexp. 279
Acknowledgementsp. 287
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792343752
ISBN-10: 0792343751
Series: GeoJournal Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 287
Published: 31st January 1997
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 1.37