The goal of this book is to allow you to begin with a "blank sheet of paper" and design a space mission to meet a set of broad, often poorly defined, objectives. You should be able to define the mission in sufficient detail to identify principal drivers and make a preliminary assessment of overall performance, size, cost, and risk. The emphasis of the book is on low-Earth orbit, unmanned spacecraft. However, we hope that the principles are broad enough to be applicable to other missions as well. We intend the book to be a practical guide, rather than a theoretical treatise. As much as possible, we have provided rules of thumb, empirical formulas, and design algorithms based on past experience. We assume that the reader has a general knowledge of physics, math, and basic engineering, but is not necessarily familiar with any aspect of space technology. This book was written by a group of senior engineers with over 800 years of collective space experience. It reflects the insight gained from this practical experience, and suggests how things might be done better in the future.
From time to time the views of authors and editors conflict, as must necessarily occur given the broad diversity of experience. We believe it is important to reflect this diversity rather than suppress the opinions of individual authors.
1. The Space Mission Analysis and Design Process.- 2. Mission Characterization.- 3. Mission Evaluation.- 4. Requirements Definition.- 5. Space Mission Geometry.- 6. Introduction to Astrodynamics.- 7. Orbit and Constellation Design.- 8. The Space Environment and Survivability.- 9. Defining and Sizing Space Payloads.- 10. Spacecraft Design and Sizing.- 11. Spacecraft Subsystems.- 12. Spacecraft Manufacture and Test.- 13. Communications Architecture.- 14. Mission Operations.- 15. Ground System Design and Sizing.- 16. Spacecraft Computer Systems.- 17. Space Propulsion Systems.- 18. Launch Systems.- 19. Space Logistics and Reliability.- 20. Cost Modeling.- 21. Limits on Mission Design.- 22. Design of Low-Cost Spacecraft.- 23. International Spacecraft Design Experience.- Appendix A Standard Notation.- Appendix B Spherical Geometry Formulas.- Appendix C Units and Conversion Factors.- Appendix D Astronautical and Astrophysical Data.