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Sources of Chinese Tradition : From 1600 Through the Twentieth Century - Wm. Theodore De Bary

Sources of Chinese Tradition

From 1600 Through the Twentieth Century

By: Wm. Theodore De Bary (Editor), Irene Bloom (Editor)

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Published: 28th March 2001
For Ages: 22+ years old
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For four decades "Sources of Chinese Tradition" has served to introduce Western readers to Chinese civilization as it has been seen through basic writings and historical documents of the Chinese themselves. Now in its second edition, revised and extended through Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin--era China, this classic volume remains unrivaled for its wide selection of source readings on history, society, and thought in the world's largest nation. Award-winning China scholar Wm. Theodore de Bary -- who edited the first edition in 1960 -- and his coeditor Richard Lufrano have revised and updated the second volume of Sources to reflect the interactions of ideas, institutions, and historical events from the seventeenth century up to the present day.

Beginning with Qing civilization and continuing to contemporary times, volume II brings together key source texts from more than three centuries of Chinese history, with opening essays by noted China authorities providing context for readers not familiar with the period in question.

Here are just a few of the topics covered in this second volume of "Sources of Chinese Tradition: "

Early Sino-Western contacts in the seventeenth century;

Four centuries of Chinese reflections on differences between Eastern and Western civilizations;

Nineteenth- and twentieth-century reform movements, with treatises on women's rights, modern science, and literary reform;

Controversies over the place of Confucianism in modern Chinese society;

The nationalist revolution -- including readings from Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek;

The communist revolution -- with central writings by Mao Zedong;

Works from contemporary China -- featuring political essays from Deng Xiaoping and dissidents including Wei Jingsheng.

With more than two hundred selections in lucid, readable translation by today's most renowned experts on Chinese language and civilization, "Sources of Chinese Tradition" will continue to be recognized as the standard for source readings on Chinese civilization, an indispensable learning tool for scholars and students of Asian civilizations.

If I were asked to recommend only one book for anyone who wishes to know something about Chinese culture, I would name, with a moment of hesitation, this new edition of Sources of Chinese Tradition. -- Ying-shih Yu, Gordon Wu 1958 Professor of Chinese Studies and professor of history, Princeton University

Explanatory Notep. xvii
The Maturation of Chinese Civilization and New Challenges to Chinese Traditionp. 1
The Chinese Tradition in Retrospectp. 3
Huang Zongxi's Critique of the Chinese Dynastic Systemp. 4
Waiting for the Dawn: A Plan for the Princep. 6
Lu Liuliang's Radical Orthodoxyp. 18
Commentaries on the Four Booksp. 19
Late Confucian Scholarship: Wang Fuzhip. 26
Cosmological Foundationsp. 28
Wang's "Revision" of Orthodox Neo-Confucianismp. 29
Historical Trendsp. 30
The Justification of Social and Cultural Divisionsp. 32
The Preservation of Chinese Political and Cultural Integrityp. 34
Gu Yanwu, Beacon of Qing Scholarshipp. 35
True Learning: Broad Knowledge and a Sense of Shamep. 36
Preface to Record of the Search for Antiquitiesp. 38
On the Concentration of Authority at Courtp. 38
On Bureaucratic Local Administration, ca. 1660p. 39
The Han Learning and Text Criticismp. 41
Dai Zhen and Zhang Xuechengp. 44
Dai Zhen's Text-Critical Moral Philosophyp. 44
Letter to Shi Zhongming Concerning Scholarshipp. 46
Letter in Reply to Advanced Scholar Peng Yunchup. 48
Zhang Xuecheng's Philosophy of Historyp. 52
"Virtue in the Historian"p. 53
"Virtue in the Writer"p. 55
Women's Learningp. 57
Cui Shu and the Critical Spiritp. 60
Foreword to the Essentials of the Record of Beliefs Investigatedp. 61
Han Learning and Western Learningp. 63
The Qing Version of Neo-Confucian Orthodoxyp. 66
Village Lectures and the Sacred Edictp. 70
The Sacred Edictp. 71
Popular Values and Beliefsp. 73
Ensemble Performancep. 74
Ritualp. 75
A Procession on the Birthday of the Sanzong Godp. 76
The Great Sai Ritual of Zhangzi County, Shanxip. 79
The Refining Fire Ritual of Shenze Village, Zhejiangp. 81
The Attack on Hell, a Popular Funeral Ritualp. 86
Operap. 92
Mulian Rescues His Motherp. 95
Guo Ju Buries His Sonp. 105
Solo Performancep. 118
Versep. 118
"Woman Huang Explicates the Diamond Sutra"p. 118
"Song of Guo Mountain"p. 122
Prosep. 124
Sacred Edict Lecturingp. 125
Chantefablep. 126
The Precious Scroll [Baojuan] on the Lord of the Stovep. 126
Written Textsp. 133
Scripturesp. 134
The True Scripture of the Great Emperorp. 135
Tractsp. 138
Selections from The Twenty-four Exemplars of Filial Pietyp. 138
Chinese Responses to Early Christian Contactsp. 142
Li Zhizao: Preface to The True Meaning of the Lord of Heavenp. 144
Xu Guangqi: A Memorial in Defense of the [Western] Teachingp. 147
Yang Guangxian's Critique of Christianityp. 150
Yang Guangxian: I Cannot Do Otherwise (Budeyi)p. 150
Zhang Xingyao and the Inculturation of Christianityp. 152
An Examination of the Similarities and Differences Between the Lord of Heaven Teaching [Christianity] and the Teaching of the Confucian Scholarsp. 153
Chinese Statecraft and the Opening of China to the Westp. 155
Chen Hongmou and Mid-Qing Statecraftp. 156
On Substantive Learningp. 157
On Universal Educationp. 160
On Women's Educationp. 161
On the Duties of an Officialp. 162
On Governance by Local Elitesp. 167
Statecraft in the Grain Trade and Government-Controlled Brokeragesp. 168
A Memorial on Grain Prices, the Grain Trade, and Government-Controlled Brokeragesp. 169
Hong Liangji: On Imperial Malfeasance and China's Population Problemp. 172
Letter to Prince Cheng Earnestly Discussing the Political Affairs of the Time, 1799p. 172
China's Population Problemp. 174
The Deterioration of Local Governmentp. 176
The Roots of Rebellionp. 178
Gong Zizhen's Reformist Visionp. 179
On the Lack of Moral Fiber Among Scholar-Officialsp. 180
Institutional Paralysis and the Need for Reformp. 181
The Scholar-Teacher and Service to a Dynastyp. 183
Respect for the Guestp. 183
Wei Yuan and Confucian Practicalityp. 184
The Learning of Statecraftp. 184
Wei Yuan: Preface to Anthology of Qing Statecraft Writings (Huangchao jingshi wenbian)p. 185
Criteria for Anthology of Qing Statecraft Writingsp. 186
Learning and the Role of Scholar-Officialsp. 188
On Governancep. 188
The Pursuit of Profitp. 192
On Institutional Progress in Historyp. 194
On Merchants and Reformp. 196
On Taxation and the Merchantsp. 196
On Reform of the Tribute-Rice Transport System, 1825p. 197
On Reform of the Salt Monopolyp. 197
The Western Intusion Into Chinap. 198
The Lesson of Lin Zexup. 201
Letter to the English Rulerp. 202
Letter to Wu Zixu on the Need for Western Guns and Shipsp. 205
Wei Yuan and the Westp. 206
Preface to Military History of the Qing Dynasty (Shengwu jixu), 1842p. 207
Preface to Illustrated Gazetteer of the Maritime Countries (Haiguo tuzhi)p. 209
The Heavenly Kingdom of the Taipingsp. 213
The Book of Heavenly Commandments (Tiantiao shu)p. 218
A Primer in Verse (Youxue shi)p. 221
The Taiping Economic Programp. 223
The Principles of the Heavenly Nature (Tianqing daolishu)p. 226
Reform and Revolutionp. 231
Moderate Reform and the Self-Strengthening Movementp. 233
Feng Guifen: On the Manufacture of Foreign Weaponsp. 235
On the Adoption of Western Learningp. 237
Zeng Guofan and Li Hongzhang: On Sending Young Men Abroad to Studyp. 240
Xue Fucheng: On Reformp. 242
Zhang Zhidong: Exhortation to Learnp. 244
Radical Reform at the End of the Qingp. 250
Wang Tao on Reformp. 251
Yan Fu on Evolution and Progressp. 254
"On Strength"p. 256
Kang Youwei and the Reform Movementp. 260
Confucius As a Reformerp. 266
The Three Agesp. 267
The Need for Reforming Institutionsp. 269
The Grand Commonalityp. 270
Conservative Reactionsp. 273
Chu Chengbo: Reforming Men's Minds Comes Before Reforming Institutionsp. 275
Zhu Yixin: Fourth Letter in Reply to Kang Youweip. 276
Ye Dehui: The Superiority of China and Confucianismp. 278
Tan Sitongp. 280
The Study of Humanityp. 281
Reform Edict of January 29, 1901p. 284
Liang Qichaop. 287
Renewing the Peoplep. 288
"The Consciousness of Rights"p. 293
"The Concept of the Nation"p. 295
Liang Qichao and the New Pressp. 298
Inaugural Statement for the Eastern Times (Shiabo)p. 300
Advocates of Script Reformp. 302
Song Shu: Illiteracy in Chinap. 303
Lu Zhuangzhang's Attempt at Romanizationp. 304
Shen Xue's Universal Scriptp. 305
Wang Zhao's "Mandarin Letters"p. 307
Zhang Binglin's Revolutionary Nationalismp. 308
Letter Opposing Kang Youwei's Views on Revolutionp. 309
The Nationalist Revolutionp. 314
Sun Yat-sen and the Nationalist Revolutionp. 314
Hu Hanminp. 316
"The Six Principles of the People's Report"p. 316
Sun Yat-senp. 320
The Three People's Principlesp. 320
The Principle of Democracyp. 323
The People's Livelihoodp. 326
The Three Stages of Revolutionp. 328
Democracy and Absolutism: The Debate Over Political Tutelagep. 330
Luo Longji: What Kind of Political System Do We Want?p. 331
Jiang Tingfu: "Revolution and Absolutism"p. 334
Hu Shi: "National Reconstruction and Absolutism"p. 336
Chiang Kai-shek: Nationalism and Traditionalismp. 337
Chiang Kai-shek: Essentials of the New Life Movementp. 340
China's Destinyp. 344
Jiang Jingguo (Chiang Ching-kuo): The Republic of China in Taiwanp. 347
The Evolution of Constitutional Democracy in Taiwanp. 348
Implementing "The Three People's Principles"p. 349
The New Culture Movementp. 351
The Attack on Confucianismp. 352
Chen Duxiu: "The Way of Confucius and Modern Life"p. 353
The Literary Revolutionp. 356
Hu Shi: "A Preliminary Discussion of Literary Reform"p. 357
Chen Duxiu: "On Literary Revolution"p. 360
Hu Shi: "Constructive Literary Revolution--A Literature of National Speech"p. 361
The Doubting of Antiquityp. 364
Gu Jiegang: Preface to Debates on Ancient History (1926)p. 364
A New Philosophy of Lifep. 366
Chen Duxiu: The True Meaning of Lifep. 366
Hu Shi: "Pragmatism"p. 368
The Debate on Science and the Philosophy of Lifep. 370
Zhang Junmai: "The Philosophy of Life"p. 370
Ding Wenjiang: "Metaphysics and Science"p. 372
Wu Zhihui: "A New Concept of the Universe and Life Based on a New Belief"p. 374
Hu Shi: Science and Philosophy of Lifep. 375
The Controversy Over Chinese and Western Culturesp. 377
Liang Qichao: "Travel Impressions from Europe"p. 378
Liang Shuming: Chinese Civilization vis-a-vis Eastern and Western Philosophiesp. 379
Reconstructing the Communityp. 382
Hu Shi: OUr Attitude Toward Modern Western Civilizationp. 386
Sa Mengwu, He Bingsong, and Others: "Declaration for Cultural Construction on a Chinese Basis"p. 387
Hu Shi: Criticism of the "Declaration for Cultural Construction on a Chinese Basis"p. 388
Radical Critiques of Traditional Societyp. 389
He Zhen: "What Women Should Know About Communism"p. 389
Women's Revengep. 392
Han Yi: "Destroying the Family"p. 394
The Communist Revolutionp. 396
The Seedbed of the Communist Revolution: The Peasantry and the Anarcho-Communist Movementp. 399
Liu Shipei: "Anarchist Revolution and Peasant Revolution"p. 400
Li Dazhao: The Victory of Bolshevismp. 404
Mao's Revolutionary Doctrinep. 406
"Report on an Investigation of the Hunan Peasant Movement"p. 406
"The Question of Land Redistribution"p. 411
The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Partyp. 412
The Mass Linep. 417
On New Democracyp. 418
The Dictatorship of the People's Democracyp. 423
Chinese Communist Praxisp. 426
Liu Shaoqi: How to Be a Good Communistp. 427
Mao Zedong: The Rectification Campaignp. 432
Report of the Propaganda Bureau of the Central Committee on the Zhengfeng Reform Movement, April 1942p. 432
Wang Shiwei: "Wild Lily"p. 434
Liu Shaoqi: "On Inner-Party Struggle"p. 435
Mao Zedong: "Combat Liberalism"p. 439
Mao Zedong: "On Art and Literature"p. 441
Wang Shiwei: "Political Leaders, Artists"p. 444
Ding Ling: "Thoughts on March 8, 1942"p. 446
The Mao Regimep. 450
Establishment of the People's Republicp. 450
Mao Zedong: "Leaning to One Side"p. 452
Mao Zedong: "Stalin Is Our Commander"p. 453
Guo Moruo: Ode to Stalin--"Long Live Stalin" on His Seventieth Birthday, 1949p. 454
Ji Yun: "How China Proceeds with the Task of Industrialization" (1953)p. 455
Li Fuqun: "Report on the First Five-Year Plan for Development of the National Economy of the People's Republic of China in 1953-1957, July 5 and 6, 1955"p. 456
Changes in Mid-Coursep. 458
Mao Zedong: "The Question of Agricultural Cooperation," July 31, 1955p. 458
Mao Zedong: "On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People"p. 459
Liu Binyan: "A Higher Kind of Loyalty"p. 464
Intellectual Opinions from the Hundred Flowers Periodp. 465
Mao Zedong: Remarks at the Beidaihe Conference, August 1958p. 468
Peng Dehuai: "Letter of Opinion" to Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward, July 1959p. 469
Wu Han: "Hai Rui Scolds the Emperor," June 19, 1959p. 471
The Cultural Revolutionp. 474
The Sixteen Points: Guidelines for the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolutionp. 474
Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedongp. 475
"What Have Song Shuo, Lu Ping, and Peng Peiyun Done in the Cultural Revolution?"p. 477
Red Guard Memoirsp. 478
Wang Xizhe, Li Zhengtian, Chen Yiyang, Guo Hongzhi: "The Li Yi Zhe Poster," November 1974p. 479
The Return to Stability and Traditionp. 483
Deng's "Modernization" and Its Criticsp. 485
The Turn to Stability and Modernizationp. 487
Zhou Enlai: "Report on the Work of the Government," delivered on January 13, 1975, at the First Session of the Fourth National People's Congress of the People's Republic of Chinap. 487
Communique of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, December 22, 1978p. 488
Yu Qiuli: "The Relationship Between Politics and Economics"p. 491
"Uphold the Four Basic Principles," Speech by Deng Xiaoping, March 30, 1979p. 492
"Building Socialist Spiritual Civilization," Letter from Li Chang, Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, to a Member of the Party Central Committee, December 1980p. 493
Office of the CCP Dehong Dai Nationality and Qingbo Autonomous Zhou Committee: "Several Questions in Strengthening and Perfecting the Job Responsibility Systems of Agricultural Production," November 7, 1980p. 494
Early Critiques of the Deng Regimep. 496
Publication Statement, Beijing Spring Magazine, January 1979p. 496
Wei Jingsheng: The Fifth Modernization--Democracy, 1978p. 497
Democracy or New Dictatorship, Exploration, March 1979p. 500
Wall Poster from the April Fifth Forump. 501
Hu Ping: "On Freedom of Speech," Written for His Successful 1980 Campaign to Become Beijing University's Delegate to the Haidian District People's Assemblyp. 502
Wang Ruoshui: "Discussing the Question of Alienation"p. 503
Wang Ruoshui: "In Defense of Humanism"p. 505
Assessing the New Policiesp. 507
Deng Xiaoping: "Build Socialism with Chinese Characteristics"p. 507
Chen Yun: Speech Given at the Chinese Communist National Representative Conference, September 23, 1985p. 510
New Demands for Change and Democracyp. 512
Fang Lizhi: Democracy, Reform, and Modernizationp. 512
Fang Lizhi: "Reform and Intellectuals," Talk Given in 1986p. 516
Fang Lizhi: "The Social Responsibility of Today's Intellectuals," Speech Given at Beijing University, November 4, 1985p. 516
Li Xiaojiang: "Awakening of Women's Consciousness"p. 517
The New Authoritarianismp. 520
Wu Jiaxiang: "An Outline for Studying the New Authoritarianism," May 1989p. 520
Rong Jian: "Does China Need an Authoritarian Political System in the Course of Modernization?," May 1989p. 522
Yan Jiaqi: "How China Can Become Prosperous"p. 523
Twentieth-Century Christianity in Chinap. 527
Ma Xiangbop. 528
Religion and the Statep. 530
Religion and Culturep. 531
Zhao Zichenp. 533
"Present-Day Religious Thought and Life in China"p. 534
Leadership and Citizenship Trainingp. 535
Wu Yaozongp. 536
"The Present-Day Tragedy of Christianity"p. 537
"The Reformation of Christianity"p. 539
The Christian Manifestop. 539
Wang Mingdaop. 540
"We, Because of Faith"p. 540
Wu Jingxiong: Christianity and Chinese Traditionp. 541
"Beyond East and West"p. 542
"The Lotus and the Mud"p. 543
Reopening the Debate on Chinese Traditionp. 545
The New Confuciansp. 545
Xiong Shilip. 547
Manifesto for a Reappraisal of Sinology and the Reconstruction of Chinese Culturep. 550
Mou Zongsan's Confucian Philosophyp. 558
The Sensitivity and Steadfastness of Humaneness (ren)p. 558
Feng Youlan: "China--An Ancient Nation with a New Mission"p. 561
The Continuing Critique of Traditionp. 564
Bo Yang: "The Ugly Chinaman"p. 565
Sun Longji: "The Deep Structure of Chinese Culture"p. 568
Su Xiaokang and Wang Luxiang: "River Elegy," a Television Documentaryp. 570
Li Zehou: "A Reevaluation of Confucianism"p. 574
Gu Mu: Confucianism as the Essence of Chinese Traditionp. 581
Bibliographyp. 585
Indexp. 595
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780231112710
ISBN-10: 0231112718
Series: Introduction to Asian Civilizations : Book 2
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 656
Published: 28th March 2001
Publisher: COLUMBIA UNIV PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.3 x 15.8  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.92
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised