While working in the laboratory of Professor Dr. Jacob Reinert at the Freie Universitat Berlin (1974-1976), I had the opportunity to become deeply involved in studying the intricacies of the fascinating phenomenon of somatic embryogenesis in plant cells and protoplasts. In numerous stimu lating discussions with Professor Reinert on this subject, I was fully convinced that somatic embryogenesis would become one of the most important areas of study, not only regarding basic and fundamental aspects, but also for its application in crop improvement. During the last decade, we have witnessed tremendous interest and achievements in the use of somatic embryos for the production of synthetic seeds, for micro propagation, genetic transformation, cryopreservation, and conservation of germplasm. The en masse production of somatic embryos in the bioreactors has facilitated some of these studies. Somatic embryos have now been induced in more than 300 plant species belonging to a wide range offamilies. It was therefore felt that a compilation ofliterature/state of the art on this subject was necessary. Thus, two volumes on Somatic Embryo genesis and Synthetic Seed have been compiled, which contain 65 chapters contributed by International experts. Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed I comprises 31 chapters, arranged in 3 sections: Section I Commitment of the cell to somatic embryogenesis; early events; anatomy; molecular basis; gene expression; role of polyamines; machine vision analysis of somatic embryos. Section II Applications of somatic embryos; technology of synthetic seed; fluid drilling; micropropagation; genetic transfor mation through somatic embryos; cryopreservation.
"This volume as the many preceding volumes of this series, contains a mass of information. Researchers in the field should make ample use of it." Euphytica
I.1 The Cell's Commitment to Somatic Embryogenesis.- I.2 Early Events in Embryogenesis.- I.3 Molecular Basis of Somatic Embryogenesis.- I.4 Gene Expression in Somatic Embryos.- I.5 Role of Polyamines in Somatic Embryogenesis.- I.6 Anatomy of Somatic Embryogenesis.- I.7 Machine Vision Analysis of Plant Cells and Somatic Embryos.- II.1 Somatic Embryogenesis and Its Applications for Crop Improvement.- II.2 Somatic Embryogenesis and the Technology of Synthetic Seed.- II.3 Role of Maturation and Desiccation of Somatic Embryos in the Production of Dry Artificial Seed.- II.4 Artificial Seed Production Through Encapsulation of Hairy Root and Shoot Tips.- II.5 Fluid Drilling as a Delivery System for Somatic Embryo-Derived Plantlets.- II.6 Micropropagation Through Somatic Embryos.- II.7 Genetic Transformation of Somatic Embryos.- II.8 Cryopreservation of Somatic Embryos.- III.1 Somatic Embryogenesis in Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.).- III.2 Somatic Embryogenesis in Birches (Betula spp.).- III.3 Somatic Embryogenesis in Papaya (Carica papaya L.).- III.4 Somatic Embryogenesis in Citrus Species.- III.5 Somatic Embryogenesis in Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.).- III.6 Somatic Embryogenesis in Hazelnut (Corylus Species).- III.7 Somatic Embryogenesis in Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).- III.8 Somatic Embryogenesis in Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis Mull. Arg.).- III.9 Somatic Embryogenesis in Walnut (Juglans Species).- III.10 Somatic Embryogenesis in Western Larch (Larix occidentalis).- III.11 Somatic Embryogenesis in Magnoliaceae (Liriodendron and Magnolia).- III.12 Somatic Embryogenesis in Olive (Olea europaea L.).- III.13 Somatic Embryogenesis in Norway Spruce (Picea abies).- III.14 Somatic Embryogenesis in Black Spruce [Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.] and Red Spruce (P. rubens Sarg.).- III.15 Somatic Embryogenesis in Poplars (Populus nigra L. x P. maximowiczii Henry).- III.16 Somatic Embryogenesis in Cacao (Theobroma cacao).
Series: Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry
Number Of Pages: 473
Published: 1st June 1995
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.3 x 15.5
Weight (kg): 1.0