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Solar Thermal Technol Building :  The State of the Art - Mat Santamouris

Solar Thermal Technol Building

The State of the Art

By: Mat Santamouris (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 2003
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* First book in new BEST (Buildings, Energy and Solar Technology) Series * Examines how solar thermal technologies can be implemented in building design to achieve the optimum of energy efficiency and thermal comfort * Presents the collaborative work of 16 internationally recognized experts on the most current theory and practice Solar thermal is now a proven technology in terms of reliability, cost-benefit, and low environmental impact. The integration of solar thermal systems and installations into the design of buildings can provide a clean, efficient and sustainable low-energy solution for heating and cooling, while, taken in a wider context, contributing to climate protection. This book covers the state of the art in the application of solar thermal technologies for buildings. This is the first book in the BEST (Buildings, Energy and Solar Technology) Series. This series presents high-quality theoretical and application-oriented material on solar energy and energy-efficient technologies. Leading international experts cover the strategies and technologies that form the basis of high-performance, sustainable buildings, crucial to enhancing our built and urban environment.

'It contains many ideas worth adding to the toolbox of architecture students, architects, HVAC designers, property owners and managers, urban designers and others working in the built environment sector.' Energy Wise News

Editorial notep. xi
Passive solar heating of buildingsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
The theory of passive solar heatingp. 2
Passive solar contributions today--the SolGain resultsp. 3
High-performance housing--solar gains in buildings with low heat loadsp. 6
The methodologyp. 6
Four examplesp. 6
The shortened heating seasonp. 9
Lessons learnedp. 9
Related materials and technologiesp. 10
Advanced glazingp. 10
Solar gains on opaque building elementsp. 14
Increased thermal capacityp. 15
Related energy supplyp. 15
Referencesp. 16
Active solar heating and cooling of buildingsp. 17
Introductionp. 17
Classification of solar systems and current state of the artp. 19
Aims for the future: the technologiesp. 24
Componentsp. 24
Systems' integration and applicationsp. 25
Aims for the futurep. 30
The marketp. 30
A call for sustainable energy policiesp. 32
Conclusionsp. 34
Referencesp. 35
Spectrally selective materials for efficient visible, solar and thermal radiation controlp. 37
Introductionp. 37
Solar thermal conversionp. 38
Solar absorber coatingsp. 39
The transparent collector coverp. 42
Transparent selective coatings for windowsp. 42
Spectrally selective low emittance for passive solar gainp. 44
Solar control glazingp. 44
Evacuated glazingp. 47
Nanoparticle-doped polymeric solar control glazingp. 48
Switchable glazing materialsp. 48
Electrochromic glazingp. 49
Thermochromic and thermotropic glazingp. 51
Gasochromic glazingp. 52
Measurement of the optical propertiesp. 55
Angle-dependent visible and solar propertiesp. 55
Thermal optical properties measurementsp. 56
An EU window energy data thematic network (WinDat)p. 59
Conclusionsp. 60
Acknowledgementsp. 61
Referencesp. 62
Advanced control systems for energy and environmental performance of buildingsp. 65
Impact of global control of building in terms of energy performance and sustainable buildingp. 67
Function and control tasksp. 67
Requirements for the implementation of automatic controlp. 69
Communication protocols for the implementation of advanced control systemsp. 71
State of the art in advanced control systemsp. 76
Smart buildings and internet-based energy servicesp. 82
Services of interest to occupantsp. 84
Services of interest to maintenance operators/property managersp. 85
Services of interest to energy managementp. 86
Conclusionp. 86
Referencesp. 87
Bibliographyp. 89
IT Systems for energy and environment monitoring, planning and designp. 90
The sustainable energy systems challengep. 91
Digital citiesp. 94
Rational planningp. 98
Virtual designp. 101
Energy servicesp. 106
Case studyp. 110
Technology transferp. 113
Referencesp. 114
Natural ventilation in an urban contextp. 116
Introductionp. 116
Role of natural ventilationp. 117
Purposesp. 117
Performance criteriap. 117
Physics of natural ventilationp. 118
Eddy, turbulent and mean description of flowp. 118
Mean flow through openingsp. 119
Wind pressurep. 120
Buoyancy pressurep. 121
Urban environmentp. 122
Component sizing based on mean behaviour--pressure loop methodp. 122
Natural ventilation strategiesp. 126
Wind variation-induced single-sided ventilationp. 126
Wind-driven cross ventilationp. 127
Buoyancy-driven stack ventilationp. 129
Combined wind- and buoyancy-driven ventilationp. 130
Combinations of fundamental strategiesp. 132
Solar-assisted ventilationp. 133
Natural ventilation strategies for urban environmentp. 134
Balanced stack ventilationp. 134
Passive evaporative coolingp. 136
Double-skin facadep. 137
Conclusionp. 138
Referencesp. 138
Cooling by natural sinksp. 140
Introductionp. 140
Conventional cooling and cooling based on environmental sinksp. 141
Ground coolingp. 143
The cool mediump. 143
Effective environmental temperaturep. 144
System description and performancep. 145
Innovative design optionsp. 146
Evaporative coolingp. 147
The cold mediump. 147
System description and performancep. 147
Innovative design optionsp. 149
Radiative coolingp. 153
The cold mediump. 153
Effective environmental temperaturep. 154
System description and performancep. 154
Climatic qualificationp. 156
Earth shelteringp. 157
Roof solutionsp. 159
Roof pondp. 159
Planted roofsp. 159
Radiator roofsp. 160
Future prioritiesp. 161
Basic research on the coupling of NCT to different types of buildingsp. 161
Incorporation in building design toolsp. 161
Systematic study of potential applicability of NCTp. 161
Design guidelines (for NCT, different types of buildings, climates)p. 162
Introduction of standards for NCT calculationp. 162
Demonstration projects for disseminationp. 162
NCT in the European Directive for Energy Efficiency in Buildingsp. 162
Referencesp. 162
Thermal comfortp. 164
Prologuep. 164
Backgroundp. 164
The need for a new approachp. 164
Why is thermal comfort important in energy conservation?p. 165
State of the artp. 165
The underlying processesp. 165
Developing an index of thermal comfortp. 167
Adaptive thermal comfortp. 171
Recent developments and future directionsp. 178
New research in thermal comfortp. 178
Defining an adaptive standard for buildingsp. 180
Developing a new dynamic approach to predicting thermal comfort in buildingsp. 183
Referencesp. 188
Passive coolingp. 192
Introductionp. 192
Cooling versus heating problemsp. 193
PASCOOL programmep. 193
Essential features of passive coolingp. 194
Prevention of heat gainsp. 194
Modulation of heat by internal (mainly) thermal massp. 194
Heat sinksp. 194
Future research needs in passive coolingp. 197
Microclimate around buildingsp. 197
Ventilation and air quality aspectsp. 197
New thermal comfort standardsp. 198
Natural ventilation and air flow in urban environmentsp. 198
Research on natural cooling techniquesp. 198
Advanced solar control modelling and development of new componentsp. 199
Integration actionsp. 199
Seasonal storagep. 199
Non-conventional AC techniquesp. 199
Conclusionp. 200
Referencesp. 200
Solar and energy efficiency as an option for sustainable urban built environmentsp. 201
Introductionp. 201
Urbanization at the end of the 20th centuryp. 203
Increase of the urban populationp. 203
The size of the world's citiesp. 205
Urban environmental problemsp. 206
Cities in the developed worldp. 206
Cities in the less developed worldp. 211
Urban sustainability--an oxymoron or a realistic perspective?p. 213
We do not have 'solutions' but we have ideasp. 215
Improve the urban microclimatep. 216
Use of sustainable energy supply systemsp. 219
Use of demand side management techniquesp. 224
Use of passive and active solar systems in urban buildingsp. 225
Appropriate legislation for buildingsp. 227
Towards more compact citiesp. 228
Conclusionsp. 230
Referencesp. 231
Indexp. 236
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781902916477
ISBN-10: 1902916476
Series: BEST Buildings Energy and Solar Technology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 2003
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.9  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.63
Edition Number: 1