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Solar Composition and Its Evolution from Core to Corona : Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop 26-30 January 1998, Bern, Switzerland : Space Sciences Series , Vol 5 - Claus Frohlich

Solar Composition and Its Evolution from Core to Corona : Proceedings of an ISSI Workshop 26-30 January 1998, Bern, Switzerland

Space Sciences Series , Vol 5

By: Claus Frohlich (Editor), Martin C. E. Huber (Editor), S. K. Solanki (Editor), Rudolf von Steiger (Editor)

Hardcover ISBN: 9780792354963
Number Of Pages: 431

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The Sun as now studied is far removed from its early models that described a homogeneous spherical body: chemical fractionation as well as considerable fine-structure in and above the solar surface and internal mixing must now be taken into account. Accordingly, attention in composition studies has shifted from absolute solar abundances toward differences in the chemical (and isotopic) composition of the different parts of the Sun: in its interior, in the structures that make up its atmosphere, and in solar-wind and other, more energetic, particle streams. As was the case with the earlier photospheric composition studies, the investigation of abundance differences results in further clues and input for understanding, in particular, mass-transport, separation and heating mechanisms. This volume contains the reviews and contributions on these topics presented at an ISSI Workshop, and it summarises the resulting discussions in rapporteur papers. The book is intended to provide both active researchers and advanced graduate students with a comprehensive up-to-date 'compte rendu' on solar composition.

Forewordp. xi
Unveiling the Secrets of the Sunp. 1
Solar Interior
The 'Standard' Sunp. 19
Shortcomings of the Standard Solar Modelp. 37
Microphysics: Equation of Statep. 49
Opacity of Stellar Matterp. 61
Element Settling in the Solar Interiorp. 71
Macroscopic Transportp. 79
Solar Neutrinosp. 91
Lithium Depletion in the Sun: A Study of Mixing Based on Hydrodynamical Simulationsp. 105
On the Velocity and Intensity Asymmetries of Solar p-mode Linesp. 113
Sensitivity of Low-frequency Oscillations to Updated Solar Modelsp. 117
Composition and Opacity in the Solar Interiorp. 125
Solar Models with Non-Standard Chemical Compositionp. 133
On the Composition of the Solar Interiorp. 141
Lower Solar Atmosphere
Standard Solar Compositionp. 161
Structure of the Solar Photospherep. 175
The Structure of the Chromospherep. 187
The Solar Quiet Chromosphere-Corona Transition Regionp. 203
FIP Fractionation: Theoryp. 215
FIP Effect in the Solar Upper Atmosphere: Spectroscopic Resultsp. 227
Constraints on the FIP Mechanisms from Solar Wind Abundance Datap. 241
Element Separation in the Chromospherep. 253
Temporal Evolution of Artificial Solar Granulesp. 261
The Lower Solar Atmospherep. 269
Upper Solar Atmosphere and Solar Wind
Elemental Abundances in Coronal Structuresp. 283
Structure of the Solar Wind and Compositional Variationsp. 291
The Solar Noble Gas Record in Lunar Samples and Meteoritesp. 303
Atomic Physics for Atmospheric Composition Measurementsp. 315
Solar Energetic Particles: Sampling Coronal Abundancesp. 327
UVCS/SOHO: The First Two Yearsp. 341
The Expansion of Coronal Plumes in the Fast Solar Windp. 349
Fractionation of Si, Ne, and Mg Isotopes in the Solar Wind as Measured by SOHO/CELIAS/MTOFp. 357
Solar EUV and UV Emission Line Observations Above a Polar Coronal Holep. 371
Solar Energetic Particle Isotopic Compositionp. 379
O[superscript 5+] in High Speed Solar Wind Streams: SWICS/Ulysses Resultsp. 387
Element and Isotopic Fractionation in Closed Magnetic Structuresp. 397
Composition Aspects of the Upper Solar Atmospherep. 407
Is the Sun a Sun-like Star?p. 419
Author Indexp. 429
List of Participantsp. 430
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792354963
ISBN-10: 0792354966
Series: Space Sciences Series , Vol 5
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 431
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.91

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