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Soils and Groundwater Pollution and Remediation : Asia, Africa, and Oceania - P. M. Huang

Soils and Groundwater Pollution and Remediation

Asia, Africa, and Oceania

Hardcover Published: 1st January 2000
ISBN: 9781566704526
Number Of Pages: 400

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The increasing population densities of Asia, Africa and Oceania are in conflict with the ecosystem. A growing demand for food and fiber causes agriculture to rely heavily upon chemical fertilization, herbicides and pesticides. Rising industrial output creates higher contamination from cadmium, lead, selenium, and other metals.
Soils and Groundwater Remediation explores the toxic levels of metals, radionuclides, inorganics, and anthropogenic organic compounds found in the soils and groundwater of Asia, Africa and Oceania. This 14 chapter book reviews the distribution, transformation, and dynamics of the pollutants. The authors also reflect on the impact of Acid-rain.
The contributors to this book are well-known scientists from Japan, China, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Australia, and Kenya. The authors address their findings to researchers, educators, government regulators, and students.
As the title suggests, the book is ultimately concerned with remediation. Huang and Iskandar feel "the potential for restoring ecosystem health ... in these areas is enormous." The contributions of Soils and Groundwater Remediation will bring science closer to achieving that possibility.

Prefacep. vii
About the Editorsp. ix
Affiliation of Editors, Coeditors, and Contributorsp. xi
Environmental Impacts of Heavy Metals in Agroecosystems and Amelioration Strategies in Oceaniap. 1
Introductionp. 1
Background Concentrations of Heavy Metals in Australian and New Zealand Soilsp. 1
Sources of Metals in Agroecosystemsp. 3
Environmental Impactp. 10
Amelioration Strategiesp. 17
Regulatory Controlp. 28
Summary and Conclusionsp. 35
Referencesp. 35
Environmental Concerns of Pesticides in Soil and Groundwater and Management Strategies in Oceaniap. 42
Introductionp. 42
Usagep. 43
Behavior and Fate in Soilp. 50
Pesticide Residues in the Environmentp. 59
Management and Remediation Optionsp. 68
Summary and Conclusionsp. 70
Acknowledgmentsp. 70
Referencesp. 71
Metal Pollution of Soil and Groundwater and Remediation Strategies in Japanp. 80
Introductionp. 80
Regulations and Controlp. 81
Metals in Soil, Groundwater, Fertilizers, and Sewage Sludges of Japanp. 84
Remediation Strategiesp. 87
Daily Intake of Heavy Metals by Japanesep. 90
Application of Sewage Sludge and Other Biosolids to Land and Heavy Metal Accumulationp. 91
Referencesp. 95
Impact of Radionuclides on Soil, Groundwater, and Crops and Radionuclide Cleanup in Japanp. 96
Introductionp. 96
Meteorological Data in Japanp. 97
Fallout Radionuclides ([superscript 137]Cs, [superscript 90]Sr, Pu, etc.) Deposited on Soilp. 99
Migration of Radionuclides in Soil and Groundwaterp. 101
Transfer of Radionuclides to Cropsp. 108
Decontamination of Radionuclidesp. 118
Summary and Conclusionsp. 121
Acknowledgmentsp. 122
Referencesp. 122
Effect of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds on the Quality of Soil and Groundwater and Remediation Strategies in Japanp. 126
Introductionp. 126
Nationwide Survey Resultsp. 127
Site Investigation for Volatile Organochlorinesp. 132
Remediation Technologies for Subsurface Pollutionp. 141
Summary and Conclusionsp. 147
Referencesp. 148
Heavy Metal Pollution in Soils and Its Remedial Measures and Restoration in Mainland Chinap. 150
Introductionp. 150
Background Levels of Trace Elements in Soils of Chinap. 151
Site Research of Soil Pollution in Chinap. 151
Heavy Metal Pollutants and Their Influencing Factorsp. 154
Management Practices for the Mitigation of Heavy Metal Pollution in Soils of Chinap. 156
Conclusionsp. 163
Referencesp. 163
Environmental Impacts of Metal and Other Inorganics on Soil and Groundwater in Chinap. 167
Introductionp. 167
Background Values of Elements in Soils of Chinap. 168
Soil Loading Capacity for Heavy Metalsp. 171
Forms of Heavy Metals in Soilsp. 179
Heavy Metal Pollution of Soils in Chinap. 186
Effect of the Amount of Dissolved Heavy Metals and Enrichment of Other Inorganics in Groundwater on Ecological Environmentp. 193
Summary and Conclusionsp. 196
Referencesp. 197
Environmental Problems in Soil and Groundwater Induced by Acid Rain and Management Strategies in Chinap. 201
Introductionp. 201
Acid Rainp. 201
Acidity and Acidification of Soilsp. 205
Acidification of Groundwaterp. 219
Strategies for Controlling the Acidification of the Soil Environmentp. 221
Summary and Conclusionsp. 222
Acknowledgmentsp. 222
Referencesp. 222
Dynamics, Fate, and Toxicity of Pesticides in Soil and Groundwater and Remediation Strategies in Mainland Chinap. 225
Introductionp. 225
History of Pesticide Production and Usage in Chinap. 226
Dynamics, Fate, and Toxicity of Pesticides in Soilp. 228
Groundwater Contamination by Pesticides in Chinap. 244
Remediation Strategies for Soil and Groundwater Contamination by Pesticides in Chinap. 246
Summary and Conclusionsp. 247
Acknowledgmentsp. 248
Referencesp. 248
Chemical Names of Pesticides Mentioned in Chapter 9p. 251
Perspectives of Environmental Pollution in Densely Populated Areas: The Case of Hong Kongp. 254
Introductionp. 254
Major Sources of Environmental Pollutants and Control Strategiesp. 256
Effects of Pollution on Groundwaterp. 263
Control and Remediation of Degraded Soil and Landp. 265
Future Perspectivesp. 267
Summary and Conclusionsp. 268
Acknowledgmentsp. 268
Referencesp. 268
Environmental Impacts and Management Strategies of Trace Metals in Soil and Groundwater in the Republic of Koreap. 270
Introductionp. 270
Present Status and Environmental Impacts of Trace Metals in Korean Soilsp. 271
Management Strategies for Trace Metals in Korean Soilsp. 281
Trace Metals in Groundwaterp. 284
Management Strategies of Trace Metals in Groundwaterp. 285
Summary and Conclusionsp. 286
Referencesp. 287
Transport, Residues, and Toxicological Problems of Agrochemicals in Agroecosystems and a Remediation Plan in the Republic of Koreap. 290
Introductionp. 290
Changes of the Patterns in Pesticide Usep. 291
Pesticide Residues in Agricultural Environmentsp. 294
Evaluation of the Effects of Pesticide Residues on Agricultural Environmentp. 300
Protection Strategies for Agricultural Ecosystemsp. 312
Summary and Conclusionsp. 322
Acknowledgmentsp. 323
Referencesp. 323
List of Pesticides Mentioned in Chapter 12p. 328
Toxic Metals and Agrochemicals in Soils in Malaysia: Current Problems and Mitigation Plansp. 330
Introductionp. 330
Fertilizer and Agrochemical Usagep. 331
Ecological Problems of Toxic Metals and Agrochemicalsp. 335
Mitigation Plansp. 342
Summary and Conclusionsp. 344
Referencesp. 344
Status of Cadmium, Lead, and Selenium in the Soils of Selected African Countries and Perspectives of Their Effects on Human and Environmental Healthp. 347
Introductionp. 347
Soil Characteristics in Five Selected African Countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Sierra Leone, and Tanzania)p. 348
Status of Cadmium, Lead, and Selenium in the Soils of Selected African Countriesp. 349
Status of Cadmiump. 351
Status of Leadp. 354
Status of Seleniump. 358
Sources, Forms, and Distribution of Cadmium and Human Exposure to Itp. 362
Environmental Aspects of Cadmiump. 364
Sources, Forms, and Distribution of Lead and Human Exposure to Itp. 364
Environmental Aspects of Leadp. 367
Sources, Forms, and Distribution of Selenium and Human Exposure to Itp. 367
Summary and Conclusions/Recommendationsp. 369
Acknowledgmentsp. 372
Referencesp. 373
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781566704526
ISBN-10: 1566704529
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 400
Published: 1st January 2000
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 2.39
Weight (kg): 0.92
Edition Number: 1