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Soil Test Manual : Procedures, Classification Data and Sampling Practices - Robert W. Day

Soil Test Manual

Procedures, Classification Data and Sampling Practices

Paperback Published: 18th December 2000
ISBN: 9780071363631
Number Of Pages: 640

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The essential tool for geotechnical and soil engineering fieldwork

Written by AIA award-winning civil engineer Robert Day, Soil Testing Manual gives engineers, geologists, contractors, on-site construction managers -- anyone who needs answers on the characteristics of soil -- a convenient, complete source of today's most authoritative solutions. This reader-friendly guide simplifies each step of every process, from selecting appropriate methods to analyzing your results. Filled with handy tables, charts, diagrams, and formulas that eliminate time-wasting and frustrating searches and calculations, this manual gives you better results in less time as you:
Get expert approaches to testing altered and disturbed soils
Set up a mobile field lab with complete directions
Use rip-out sheets for on-site reference and checks
Get quick access to data on grading, instrumentation, technical methods, procedure guidelines, and preferred practices
Draw authoritative conclusions on fill compaction
Measure cohesiveness, shear strength, settlement, permeability, and other critical parameters
Construct a subsoil profile

"Robert O. Parmley, "I have reviewed the preliminary text material and found the writing style to be clear, well organized, well phrased and technically sound. The author has prepared good tables, charts, and guidelines for users.

Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xv
Introductionp. 1
Laboratory Testing Programp. 1
Common Laboratory Tests of Soilp. 4
Laboratory Equipmentp. 4
Minimum requirementsp. 4
Calibrationp. 5
Manualsp. 6
Accreditationp. 7
Symbols and Unitsp. 7
Book Outlinep. 8
Types of Soil Samplesp. 9
Introductionp. 9
Subsurface Explorationp. 9
Borings, test pits, and trenchesp. 10
Soil samplingp. 15
Three Types of Soil Samplesp. 16
X-Ray Radiography of Soil Samplesp. 19
Soil Structurep. 22
Transporting, Preserving, and Disposal of Soil Samplesp. 22
Transportation of soil samplesp. 22
Preserving soil samplesp. 23
Disposal of soil samplesp. 24
Problemsp. 24
Index Testsp. 25
Introductionp. 26
Three Basic Parts of Soilp. 26
Water Contentp. 27
Test procedurep. 27
Calculationsp. 27
Common errorsp. 29
Dissolved solidsp. 29
Temperature effectsp. 29
Unit Weightp. 30
Test procedurep. 31
Calculationsp. 31
Common errorsp. 32
Dry unit weightp. 32
Buoyant unit weightp. 33
Specific Gravityp. 33
Test procedurep. 35
Calculationsp. 36
Common errorsp. 37
Soluble solidsp. 39
Phase Relationshipsp. 40
Volume of voidsp. 40
Void ratio and porosityp. 40
Degree of saturationp. 41
Useful relationshipsp. 41
Relative Densityp. 42
Problemsp. 43
Particle Size Distribution and Atterberg Limitsp. 47
Introductionp. 48
Particle Size Definitionsp. 48
Sieve Analysisp. 48
Test procedurep. 49
Calculationsp. 51
Common errorsp. 52
Hydrometer Analysisp. 54
Test procedurep. 55
Calculationsp. 57
Common errorsp. 60
Particle Size Distributionp. 61
Atterberg Limitsp. 63
Test procedurep. 63
Calculationsp. 68
Common errorsp. 69
Plasticity index and liquidity indexp. 69
Clay mineralogy and activityp. 69
Problemsp. 72
Soil Classificationp. 79
Introductionp. 79
Unified Soil Classification Systemp. 79
Coarse-grained and fine-grained soilsp. 80
Group symbolsp. 80
Other descriptive terminologyp. 83
Inorganic Soil Classification System Based on Plasticityp. 84
AASHTO Soil Classification Systemp. 85
USDA Textural Soil Classification Systemp. 87
Other Soil Classification Systemsp. 87
Example of Different Soil Classification Systemsp. 87
Organic Soil Classificationp. 91
Unusual Soilp. 91
Problemsp. 95
Soil Settlement Analysisp. 105
Introductionp. 106
Oedometer Apparatusp. 106
Collapsible Soilp. 110
Introductionp. 110
Test procedurep. 111
Calculationsp. 113
Example of test datap. 114
Common errorsp. 117
Collapse potentialp. 117
Consolidation Testp. 118
Introductionp. 118
Test procedurep. 119
Settlement calculationsp. 121
Rate of consolidationp. 129
Secondary compressionp. 135
Common errorsp. 136
Oedometer Apparatus for Other Soilsp. 136
Problemsp. 140
Expansive Soilp. 151
Introductionp. 152
Expansive Soil Factorsp. 152
Expansion Potentialp. 153
Introductionp. 153
Index propertiesp. 153
Expansion Index testp. 157
HUD swell testp. 167
Foundation designp. 170
Swell Testsp. 171
Introductionp. 171
Test procedurep. 171
Heave calculationsp. 174
Common errors and limitationsp. 174
Swelling of desiccated claysp. 174
Swell Indexp. 180
Expansive Rockp. 186
Problemsp. 187
Shear Strength of Cohesionless Soilp. 195
Introductionp. 195
Mohr-Coulomb Failure Lawp. 196
Typical Values of Effective Friction Anglep. 197
Direct Shear Testp. 199
Introductionp. 199
Test procedurep. 201
Calculationsp. 206
Example of test datap. 207
Common errors and limitationsp. 208
Triaxial Testp. 210
Problemsp. 210
Shear Strength of Cohesive Soilp. 217
Introductionp. 218
Triaxial Testp. 220
Equipmentp. 220
Test procedurep. 225
Calculationsp. 235
Example of test datap. 243
Common errors and limitationsp. 249
Undrained Shear Strength s[subscript u]p. 250
Introductionp. 250
Unconfined compression testp. 251
Vane shear testp. 257
Sensitivityp. 260
Consistencyp. 260
Undrained shear strength versus depthp. 261
Normalized undrained shear strength s[subscript u]/[sigma superscript l subscript v]p. 262
Undrained Shear Strength (c and [phis])p. 263
Introductionp. 263
Unconsolidated undrained triaxial compression testp. 263
Consolidated undrained triaxial compression testp. 266
Effective Shear Strengthp. 267
Introductionp. 267
Direct shear testp. 268
Consolidated drained triaxial compression testp. 268
Consolidated undrained triaxial compression test with pore water pressure measurementsp. 269
Factors Affecting Shear Strengthp. 272
Total Stress and Effective Stress Analysesp. 275
Drained Residual Shear Strengthp. 276
Introductionp. 276
Direct shear apparatusp. 278
Torsional ring shear testp. 279
Examples of test datap. 282
Problemsp. 283
Laboratory Compaction Testsp. 293
Introductionp. 293
Modified Proctor Compaction Testp. 295
Test procedurep. 296
Calculationsp. 301
Example of test datap. 303
Common errors and limitationsp. 307
Standard Proctor Compaction Testp. 309
One-Point Proctor Testp. 309
Oversize Particlesp. 310
Problemsp. 312
Field Density Testsp. 317
Introductionp. 318
Gradingp. 318
Sand Cone Testp. 323
Calibrationp. 324
Test procedurep. 330
Calculationsp. 338
Common errors and limitationsp. 339
Other Destructive Field Density Testsp. 340
Balloon testp. 340
Drive cylinderp. 340
Test pit methodp. 346
Nondestructive Field Density Testp. 347
Types of Fillp. 349
Select importp. 349
Uniform borrowp. 350
Mixed borrowp. 350
Borrow with oversize particlesp. 352
Frequency of Field Density Testingp. 357
Problemsp. 359
Permeability Testsp. 365
Introductionp. 365
Factors affecting the coefficient of permeabilityp. 367
Darcy's lawp. 369
Laboratory Permeability Testsp. 370
Constant head permeameterp. 370
Falling head permeameterp. 371
Limitations of laboratory permeability testsp. 373
Field Permeability Testsp. 375
Percolation Tests for Sewage Disposal Systemp. 375
Problemsp. 380
Other Common Soil Testsp. 383
Introductionp. 383
Soluble Sulfatep. 383
Mechanisms of sulfate attack of concretep. 386
Sulfate resistance of concretep. 387
Laboratory testingp. 389
Solubility Testp. 390
Percent soluble soil particlesp. 390
Laboratory Tests for Pavement Designp. 392
California bearing ratiop. 393
R-value testp. 394
Problemsp. 396
Aggregatesp. 397
Introductionp. 397
Aggregate Propertiesp. 399
Internal Moisture Content and Absorptionp. 401
Internal moisture content of coarse aggregates and oversize particlesp. 401
Absorption of coarse aggregatesp. 402
Bulk Specific Gravityp. 404
Test procedurep. 404
Calculations for coarse aggregates (SSD state)p. 408
Calculations for coarse aggregates (dry state)p. 408
Calculations for oversize particlesp. 409
Example of laboratory test datap. 409
Problemsp. 409
Subsoil Profilesp. 413
Introductionp. 413
Examples of Subsoil Profilesp. 413
Referencesp. 421
Glossariesp. 429
Field Testing Terminologyp. 430
Laboratory Testing Terminologyp. 434
Terminology for Engineering Analysis and Computationsp. 441
Compaction and Grading Terminologyp. 445
Percolation Tests and Related Terminologyp. 451
Compaction and Grading Specificationsp. 455
Percolation Test Proceduresp. 475
Conversion Factorsp. 483
Solutions to Problemsp. 485
Laboratory Data Sheetsp. 555
Indexp. 607
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780071363631
ISBN-10: 0071363637
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 640
Published: 18th December 2000
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education - Europe
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 28.0 x 21.0  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 1.42