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Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - William S. Bainbridge

Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

By: William S. Bainbridge (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 31st August 2001
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Advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology promise to have major impacts on human health, wealth, and peace in the coming decades. Among the expected breakthroughs are orders of magnitude increases in computer efficiency, human organ restoration using engineered tissue, `designer' materials created from directed assembly of atoms and molecules, and the emergence of entirely new phenomena in chemistry and physics. This book includes a collection of essays by leading scientists, engineers, and social scientists reviewing the possible uses of these impending technical developments in various industrial, medical, and national security applications, and the corresponding ethical, legal, social, economic, and educational issues that they raise. The report outlines potential areas for research into societal implications of nanotechnology, as well as some preliminary suggestions for how potential positive impacts of nanotechnology can be maximized, while minimizing any possible negative impacts, real or imagined. This book also provides the beginning of a blueprint for how one should address second-order consequences of the new technology, either positive implications or potential risks. This material was prepared under the auspices of the US National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI). The issues raised in the book are global in scope, going far beyond the immediate impact of the NNI. They ask the general questions of how history and the human condition are affected by technological progress, and how individuals and institutions can seek to guide that progress in ways most beneficial to mankind in the long run.

Executive Summaryp. v
Introductionp. 1
National Nanotechnology Initiativep. 2
NSET Workshop on "Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology"p. 2
Nanotechnology Goalsp. 3
Knowledge and Scientific Understanding of Naturep. 5
Industrial Manufacturing, Materials and Productsp. 6
Medicine and the Human Bodyp. 7
Sustainability: Agriculture, Water, Energy, Materials, and Clean Environmentp. 8
Space Explorationp. 10
National Securityp. 10
Moving into the Marketp. 11
Nanotechnology and Societal Interactionsp. 12
The Interactive Process of Innovation and Diffusionp. 12
Unintended and Second-order Consequencesp. 13
Ethical Issues and Public Involvement in Decision Makingp. 15
Education of Nanoscientists, Nanotechnologists, and Nanofabrication Techniciansp. 16
Education of Social Scientistsp. 17
Social Science Approaches for Assessing Nanotechnology's Implicationsp. 17
Social Science Research Approaches and Methodologiesp. 17
Institutional Infrastructure for Societal Implications Researchp. 19
Recommendationsp. 20
Other Measuresp. 21
Specific Areas for Research and Education Investmentp. 22
Recommendations to Organizationsp. 22
With an Eye to the Futurep. 24
Statements on Societal Implicationsp. 25
Overviews
National Nanotechnology Initiativep. 25
The Age of Transitionsp. 29
Technological Implications of Nanotechnology: Why the Future Needs Usp. 35
Don't Count Society Out: A Response to Bill Joyp. 37
National Needs Drivers for Nanotechnologyp. 46
Nanotechnology and Societal Transformationp. 55
Focus on economic and political implications of potential technology
Impact of Nanotechnology on the Chemical and Automotive Industriesp. 68
Information Technology Based on a Mature Nanotechnology: Some Societal Implicationsp. 74
Societal Implications of Scaling to Nanoelectronicsp. 84
Future Implications of Nanoscale Science and Technology: Wired Humans, Quantum Legos, and an Ocean of Informationp. 93
Implications of Nanotechnology in the Pharmaceutics and Medical Fieldsp. 98
We've Only Just Begunp. 103
An Economist's Approach to Analyzing the Societal Impacts of Nanoscience and Nanotechnologyp. 108
The Strategic Impact of Nanotechnology on the Future of Business and Economicsp. 114
Nano-Science and Society: Finding a Social Basis for Science Policyp. 121
Focus on science and education implications
Implications of Nanoscience for Knowledge and Understandingp. 129
Nanotechnology, Education, and the Fear of Nanobotsp. 145
Mathematical Challenges in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: An Essay on Nanotechnology Implicationsp. 146
Implications of Nanotechnology for the Workforcep. 173
Societal Impacts of Nanotechnology in Education and Medicinep. 180
Technological and Educational Implications of Nanotechnology--Infrastructure and Educational Needsp. 186
Dynamics of the Emerging Field of Nanosciencep. 197
Focus on medical, environmental, space exploration and national security implications
Challenges and Vision for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Medicine: Cancer as a Modelp. 203
Nanotechnology in Medicinep. 204
Lifecycle/Sustainability Implications of Nanotechnologyp. 205
Implications of Nanotechnology for Space Explorationp. 213
National Security Aspects of Nanotechnologyp. 218
Focus on social, ethical, legal, international and national security implications
Social Science Research Methods for Assessing Societal Implications of Nanotechnologyp. 238
Ethical Issues in Nanotechnologyp. 244
Social Acceptance of Nanotechnologyp. 251
Social, Ethical, and Legal Implications of Nanotechnologyp. 257
Envisioning Life on the Nano-Frontierp. 271
Societal Implications of Nanotechnologyp. 277
Socio-Economic Research on Nanoscale Science and Technology: A European Overview and Illustrationp. 278
Nanotechnology and Unintended Consequencesp. 311
A Cultural Ecology of Nanotechnologyp. 318
Envisioning and Communicating Nanotechnology to the Publicp. 324
Bibliographyp. 328
Publications by the National Science and Technology Councilp. 328
Other Publicationsp. 329
Appendices
List of Participants and Contributors (as of Sept. 2000)p. 330
Selected Endorsements of NNIp. 336
Index of Authorsp. 350
Index of Topicsp. 358
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792371786
ISBN-10: 079237178X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 370
Published: 31st August 2001
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.57