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Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany - Robert Gellately

Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany

By: Robert Gellately (Editor), Nathan Stoltzfus (Editor)

Paperback Published: 27th May 2001
ISBN: 9780691086842
Number Of Pages: 352

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When Hitler assumed power in 1933, he and other Nazis had firm ideas on what they called a racially pure "community of the people." They quickly took steps against those whom they wanted to isolate, deport, or destroy. In these essays informed by the latest research, leading scholars offer rich histories of the people branded as "social outsiders" in Nazi Germany: Communists, Jews, "Gypsies," foreign workers, prostitutes, criminals, homosexuals, and the homeless, unemployed, and chronically ill. Although many works have concentrated exclusively on the relationship between Jews and the Third Reich, this collection also includes often-overlooked victims of Nazism while reintegrating the Holocaust into its wider social context.

The Nazis knew what attitudes and values they shared with many other Germans, and most of their targets were individuals and groups long regarded as outsiders, nuisances, or "problem cases." The identification, the treatment, and even the pace of their persecution of political opponents and social outsiders illustrated that the Nazis attuned their law-and-order policies to German society, history, and traditions. Hitler's personal convictions, Nazi ideology, and what he deemed to be the wishes and hopes of many people, came together in deciding where it would be politically most advantageous to begin.

The first essay explores the political strategies used by the Third Reich to gain support for its ideologies and programs, and each following essay concentrates on one group of outsiders. Together the contributions debate the motivations behind the purges. For example, was the persecution of Jews the direct result of intense, widespread anti-Semitism, or was it part of a more encompassing and arbitrary persecution of "unwanted populations" that intensified with the war? The collection overall offers a nuanced portrayal of German citizens, showing that many supported the Third Reich while some tried to resist, and that the war radicalized social thinking on nearly everyone's part.

In addition to the editors, the contributors are Frank Bajohr, Omer Bartov, Doris L. Bergen, Richard J. Evans, Henry Friedlander, Geoffrey J. Giles, Marion A. Kaplan, Sybil H. Milton, Alan E. Steinweis, Annette F. Timm, and Nikolaus Wachsmann.

"This volume will be essential reading for scholars and students of Nazi Germany for many years to come."--Matthew Stibbe, German History

Social Outsiders and the Construction of the Community of the Peoplep. 3
Social Outsiders in German History: From the Sixteenth Century to 1933p. 20
No "Volksgenossen": Jewish Entrepreneurs in the Third Reichp. 45
When the Ordinary Became Extraordinary: German Jews Reacting to Nazi Persecution, 1933-1939p. 66
The Nazi Purge of German Artistic and Cultural Lifep. 99
The Limits of Policy: Social Protection of Intermarried German Jews in Nazi Germanyp. 117
The Exclusion and Murder of the Disabledp. 145
From Indefinite Confinement to Extermination: "Habitual Criminals" in the Third Reichp. 165
The Ambivalent Outsider: Prostitution, Promiscuity, and VD Control in Nazi Berlinp. 192
"Gypsies" as Social Outsiders in Nazi Germanyp. 212
The Institutionalization of Homosexual Panic in the Third Reichp. 233
Police Justice, Popular Justice, and Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany: The Example of Polish Foreign Workersp. 256
Sex, Blood, and Vulnerability: Women Outsiders in German-Occupied Europep. 273
Social Outcasts in War and Genocide: A Comparative Perspectivep. 294
List of Contributorsp. 319
Indexp. 321
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691086842
ISBN-10: 0691086842
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 352
Published: 27th May 2001
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.49