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Social Impact Analysis of Poverty Alleviation Programmes and Projects : A Contribution to the Debate on the Methodology of Evaluation in Development Co-operation - Susanne Neubert

Social Impact Analysis of Poverty Alleviation Programmes and Projects

A Contribution to the Debate on the Methodology of Evaluation in Development Co-operation

Paperback Published: 1st May 2000
ISBN: 9780714681511
Number Of Pages: 184

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Development organizations are searching for concepts and methods that will enable impacts of development co-operation to be recorded and scientifically tenable, transparent and practicable conclusions to be drawn. They expect the cost of evaluations to be proportional to the project budget. While a standardized set of tools is available for the economic and technical evaluation of projects, methods of covering the social dimension - which are of prime importance for impact analysis - have yet to reach maturity.
This study considers the state of research on evaluation that includes the social dimension and the method used; illustrates the evolution of approaches for evaluation in the field of development co-operation; and shows the evaluation practice in Germany and the difficulties organizations face while using inadequate methods to analyze the impact of their work.
A new method of impact assessment of poverty alleviation projects (MAPP) is also presented and underpinned empirically. MAPP is based on a multidimensional conception of poverty and shows how the social dimension can be operationalized with the aid of four key social processes: improvement of livelihoods; access to resources; expansion of knowledge; and participation in rights. MAPP is a participatory and process-oriented tool and makes it possible to determine whether the poverty of the target groups has actually been alleviated and, if so, how the benefits of the project have been distributed among the various socia

Abbreviations
Summaryp. I
Introductionp. 1
The Problemp. 1
Objectives and Structure of the Studyp. 4
The Social Dimension in Development Cooperationp. 6
Definition and Key Aspects of Analysisp. 6
The Concept of the ODA's Key Social Processesp. 16
Taking Account of the Social Dimension in Evaluationp. 21
The Evaluation Procedurep. 21
Evaluation Objectives and Definitionsp. 21
Types of Evaluation and Composition of the Evaluation Teamp. 26
Evaluation in Germanyp. 29
Evaluation by the BMZp. 31
Evaluation by the KfWp. 33
Evaluation by the GTZp. 35
Evaluation by the German Development Servicep. 37
Evaluation by the Church Organizationsp. 39
Evaluation by the Political Foundationsp. 42
Conclusions, or Ten Evaluation Problemsp. 45
Evaluation Concepts and Methodsp. 50
Conventional Evaluation Designsp. 50
The Change in the Conception of Evaluationp. 53
The Impact Model of the GTZ's Internal Evaluation Teamp. 58
From Conventional to Participatory Evaluationp. 63
From Quantitative to Qualitative Methodsp. 68
Formation and Weighting of Indicatorsp. 71
Data Collection Methodsp. 75
Conventional Methodsp. 75
Participatory Methodsp. 78
MAPP, a New Method of Social Impact Analysisp. 81
The Evaluation Concept of MAPPp. 82
Objectives of MAPPp. 82
Description of the Evaluation Designp. 83
Data Collection and Evaluation Methodologyp. 85
MAPP Test Runp. 91
The Projet de Gestion des Ressources Naturelles (PGRN)p. 91
Approach and Basic Information on the Villages Visitedp. 93
Results of the Test Runp. 95
Conclusionsp. 112
Effort and Feasibilityp. 112
Validity and Informative Valuep. 115
MAPP's Strengths and Limitationsp. 116
Notesp. 120
Bibliographyp. 130
Annexp. 139
Annex 1p. 141
Progress review in development cooperationp. 141
The BMZ's evaluation matrixp. 142
Annex 2p. 150
Trend analysis for Ouassalap. 150
Trend analysis for Dambap. 151
Activity list for Ouassalap. 152
Activity list for Dambap. 153
Influence matrix for Ouassalap. 154
Influence matrix for Dambap. 155
Life line of Ouassala villagep. 156
Life line of Damba villagep. 157
Figures in the text
The social dimensionp. 8
The pentagon for analysing sustainable rural livelihoods (SRL)p. 13
Levels of evaluation in governmental development cooperationp. 27
The impact model of the GTZ's Internal Evaluation Teamp. 59
Life line of Kalle villagep. 97
Tables in the text
The DFID's outline concept for the social dimension and the ODA's key social processesp. 18
Modified matrix of the key social processesp. 20
Selection and types of random sample in qualitative proceduresp. 77
The various MAPP phasesp. 86
Social sub-criteria for the Bafoulabe test regionp. 95
Trend analysis for Kalep. 99
Activity list for Kalep. 102
Influence matrix for Kalep. 104
Development and impact profile for Kalep. 107
Development and impact profile for Ouassalap. 108
Development and impact profile for Dambap. 109
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780714681511
ISBN-10: 0714681512
Series: Gdi Book Series
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 184
Published: 1st May 2000
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 14.61  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.26
Edition Number: 1

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