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Social Foraging Theory : Monographs in Behavior and Ecology - Luc-Alain Giraldeau

Social Foraging Theory

Monographs in Behavior and Ecology

Paperback Published: 4th June 2000
ISBN: 9780691048772
Number Of Pages: 376

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Although there is extensive literature in the field of behavioral ecology that attempts to explain foraging of individuals, social foraging--the ways in which animals search and compete for food in groups--has been relatively neglected. This book redresses that situation by providing both a synthesis of the existing literature and a new theory of social foraging. Giraldeau and Caraco develop models informed by game theory that offer a new framework for analysis. "Social Foraging Theory" contains the most comprehensive theoretical approach to its subject, coupled with quantitative methods that will underpin future work in the field. The new models and approaches that are outlined here will encourage new research directions and applications.

To date, the analysis of social foraging has lacked unifying themes, clear recognition of the problems inherent in the study of social foraging, and consistent interaction between theory and experiments. This book identifies social foraging as an economic interaction between the actions of individuals and those of other foragers. This interdependence raises complex questions about the size of foraging groups, the diversity of resources used, and the propensity of group members to exploit each other or forage cooperatively. The models developed in the book will allow researchers to test their own approaches and predictions. Many years in development, Social Foraging Theory will interest researchers and graduate students in such areas as behavioral ecology, population ecology, evolutionary biology, and wildlife management.

"Social Foraging Theory will stimulate and guide future work on the evolution and ecology of group foraging for years to come."--Graeme D. Ruxton, Book Reviews "This book will surely have a major influence on the field of behavioral ecology for years to come ... To offer a shameless directive, if you have any interest in the evolution of social behavior, do yourself a favor and read this book."--Thomas A. Waite, Ecology "This book's] framework is so useful and insightful that I expect it to be very widely used. I find it hard to imagine how the authors of any future paper published on the foraging of animals in groups could get away without citing this work. I think it will become a classic text."--Graeme D. Ruxton, Ethology "A well-written, extensive, and unique review of the theoretical model developed to predict and explain the foraging behaviors of animals while in groups... Behavioral ecologists specializing in animal foraging will find this book to be an indispensable resource."--Craig L. Frank, Quarterly Review of Biology "In what is certain to become a landmark publication, Luc-Alain Giraldeau and Thomas Caraco present a frame that links differing ecological questions that, to date, have rarely been related."--Michael Gillingham, ISBE Newsletter

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Social Foraging Theory: Definitions, Concepts, and Methodsp. 3
What Is Social Foraging?p. 3
Concepts and Methods of Social Foraging Theoryp. 6
Interactions Among Social Foragersp. 15
Concluding Remarksp. 17
Math Boxes 1.1-1.3p. 19
Group Membership Games
Two-Person Games: Competitive Solutionsp. 35
Introductionp. 35
Achieving an Aggregation Economyp. 36
A Symmetric Group Membership Gamep. 40
An Asymmetric Group Membership Gamep. 43
Concluding Remarksp. 48
Math Box 2.1p. 50
Two-Person Games: Conditional Cooperationp. 54
Introductionp. 54
Food-Sharing with a Communal Costp. 56
Food-Calling and Cooperationp. 66
Concluding Remarksp. 73
Math Boxes 3.1-3.3p. 78
Group Size in Aggregation Economiesp. 85
Introductionp. 85
Which Group Size to Expect?p. 87
The Effect of Genetic Relatedness on Equilibrium Group Sizep. 90
Integrating Entry Rules, Relatedness, and Aggressive Dominancep. 96
Risk-Sensitive Group Membership Gamesp. 100
Concluding Remarksp. 109
Math Boxes 4.1-4.4p. 113
Predicting Group Size in Dispersion Economiesp. 119
Introductionp. 119
Introduction to Continuous Input Modelsp. 121
Changing the Assumptions of Continuous Input Modelsp. 123
Introduction to Interference Models
Changing the Assumptions of Interference Modelsp. 140
Concluding Remarksp. 146
Producer-Scrounger Decisions
An Introduction to Producer-Scrounger Gamesp. 151
Introductionp. 151
The Diversity of Kleptoparasitismp. 152
Kleptoparasitism: A Game-Theoretic Approachp. 153
A Symmetric Rate-Maximizing Producer-Scrounger Modelp. 155
Empirical Tests of the Rate-Maximizing Producer-Scrounger Modelp. 164
Concluding Remarksp. 168
Math Box 6.1p. 170
Producer-Scrounger Games in Stochastic Environmentsp. 174
Introductionp. 174
A Stochastic Producer-Scrounger Gamep. 174
Analysis of the Stochastic Gamep. 180
Numerical Evaluationp. 184
Experimental Evidence of Risk-Sensitivep. 194
Concluding Remarksp. 196
Math Boxes 7.1-7.2p. 199
Decisions within Patches
Social Patch and Play Modelsp. 205
Introductionp. 205
Models of Social Patch Exploitationp. 206
Tests of Social Patch Modelsp. 220
Social Prey Modelsp. 222
Concluding Remarksp. 225
Models of Phenotypic Diversity
Quantifying Phenotypic Diversityp. 229
Composition of Foraging Groupsp. 229
Quantifying Variability in Foraging Behaviorp. 232
Phenotypic Diversityp. 234
Concluding Remarksp. 246
Math Box 9.1p. 248
Learning in Foraging Groupsp. 253
Introductionp. 253
Some Functional Definitions of Learningp. 253
Learning How: Individual Learning Onlyp. 255
Models of Individual Learning Onlyp. 257
Learning How: Social Learningp. 269
Models with Both Individual and Social Learning Howp. 271
Learning About Individual Learningp. 277
Learning About Social Learningp. 277
Concluding Remarksp. 280
Math Boxes 10.1-10.3p. 282
Efficiency of Diversity: The Skill Poolp. 287
Backgroundp. 288
A Skill Pool: Static Modelp. 289
A Skill Pool: Stochastic Dynamic Modelp. 302
Conclusionsp. 315
Math Box 11.1p. 322
Final Thoughts
Synthesis and Conclusionsp. 325
Introductionp. 325
Group Membership Modelsp. 325
Searching Decisions within Groupsp. 330
Models for Decisions within Patchesp. 331
Models of Phenotypic Diversityp. 332
Conclusionsp. 334
Referencesp. 335
Subject Indexp. 359
Species Indexp. 361
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691048772
ISBN-10: 0691048770
Series: Monographs in Behavior and Ecology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 376
Published: 4th June 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.54