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Social and Political Dynamics of the Informal Economy in African Cities : Nairobi and Harare :  Nairobi and Harare - Kinuthia MacHaria

Social and Political Dynamics of the Informal Economy in African Cities : Nairobi and Harare

Nairobi and Harare

Hardcover Published: August 1997
ISBN: 9780761808404
Number Of Pages: 238

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In Africa, urbanites have used their ethnicity, friendship, and rural places of origin to cement their life in the cities, most particularly in the development of small enterprises. Social and Political Dynamics of the Informal Economy in African Cities explores how informal economies in African cities operate.

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...a welcome addition to the literature on African urban economies... Modern African Studies ...a welcome addition to the literature on African urban economies... Modern African Studies

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Introductionp. ix
The Third World Cityp. 1
Major Characteristics of Third World Citiesp. 1
Primacyp. 2
Overcrowdingp. 2
Unemployment and Underemploymentp. 3
The Shanty Town/informal Settlement Phenomenonp. 5
Poor Transport and Communication Systemsp. 6
Uncontrollable Traffic and Corrupted Policep. 7
Over-urbanizationp. 9
Review of Classical Theories of Cities and Their Relevance for Third World Citiesp. 11
Colonialism and Urbanization in Kenyap. 16
The General Economy of Kenya and Zimbabwe: The Cities of Nairobi and Hararep. 23
The Economic Structure of Nairobip. 28
Structural Adjustment and its Effects on the Economy of African Citiesp. 28
The Informal Economy in Zimbabwe: Case of Hararep. 30
The Growth of the Informal Economy in Zimbabwe--Hararep. 33
Defining the Informal Sectorp. 35
The Informal Sector Definedp. 35
Methodologyp. 41
Metal Artisansp. 44
Garment Makersp. 46
Women Food Sellersp. 47
Drum Sellersp. 47
The Jua Kali Sector in Kenya: Its Contribution to Developmentp. 51
What Is Jua Kali?p. 51
Conceptional Definitionsp. 54
Informal Sectorp. 54
Jua Kali Sectorp. 55
Sample Surveys on Jua Kali Development in Selected Townsp. 57
Size of the Informal Sector in Kenyap. 57
Composition of Women in the Informal Economyp. 61
Largest Concentration of Jua Kali in Kenyap. 63
Capital, Investment and Employment Capacity in the Jua Kali Sectorp. 64
Development and Organization of the Jua Kali Sectorp. 67
Evidence from the Field Data on Jua Kali Associationsp. 68
National Jua Kali Associationsp. 72
Advantages of Associations (National and Local)p. 75
Disadvantages of Associations (National and Local)p. 75
Conclusions and Implicationsp. 76
The Growth of the Informal Economy: The State's Selective Supportp. 79
The Origins of the Kenyan Statep. 81
The Interaction Between the State and the Informal Sectorp. 84
State Supportp. 87
State Harassmentp. 87
The State and the Food Sellersp. 88
The State and the Metal Artisansp. 94
The Government's Move from a Passive to an Active Rolep. 99
Government Efforts to Integrate the Informal Economy into Mainstream Development Planningp. 101
The Informalization of the State: The Unwritten Bureaucracyp. 105
Defining the Concept of Informalityp. 107
The Informalization of the Kenyan Statep. 109
Ruling Through an Inner Corep. 110
Delegations to the Head of Statep. 112
Presidential Decreesp. 113
Social Networks and the Dynamism of the Informal Sectorp. 117
Ethnicityp. 117
Theoretical Perspectivesp. 122
Research Findingsp. 124
Analysis and Conclusions on Ethnic Dynamicsp. 135
Friendship and Kinship as Important Social Resources for the Informal Economyp. 138
How Different Social Contacts Helped Respondentsp. 140
Analysis of Social Networks (Friendship and Kinship) by Subsectorsp. 144
Conclusionp. 147
Gender and the Informal Economyp. 149
Subsectors Occupied by Womenp. 150
Street Food Sellingp. 151
Garment Making and Sellingp. 152
Hairdressingp. 153
Beer Sellersp. 154
Women's Networksp. 154
The Disadvantaged Position of Womenp. 157
Small Enterprise Development and the Alleviation of Poverty in Kenyap. 161
Poverty and the Poor in Kenyap. 164
Why Are They Poor?p. 165
Where Are the Poor?p. 166
How Can the Poor Be Assisted to a Survival Level?p. 166
Some Facts about Poverty in Kenyap. 167
Urban Poverty in Kenyap. 170
UNDP and Government Involvement in Small Enterprise Development Policyp. 171
Specific Role of the Small Enterprise in Poverty Alleviationp. 172
Benefactors of UNDP Interventionp. 174
Who Will Do What?p. 176
Conclusions and Recommendationsp. 177
Conclusion and Policy Recommendationsp. 181
Appendixp. 189
Referencesp. 201
Indexp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780761808404
ISBN-10: 076180840X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 238
Published: August 1997
Publisher: UNIV PR OF AMER
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.28 x 14.55  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.43