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Social and Economic Change in the Pamirs (Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan) : Translated from German by Nicola Pacult and Sonia Guss with support of Tim Sharp - Frank Bliss

Social and Economic Change in the Pamirs (Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan)

Translated from German by Nicola Pacult and Sonia Guss with support of Tim Sharp

Hardcover Published: 14th September 2005
ISBN: 9780415308069
Number Of Pages: 378

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Since Olufsen and Schulz published their monographs on the Pamirs in 1904 and 1914, respectively, this is the first book to deal comprehensively with the history, anthropology and recent social and economic development of the Pamiri people in Gorno-Badakhshan, Eastern Tajikistan. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, such high mountain areas were more or less forgotten and people would have suffered severely from their isolation if an Aga Khan Foundation project in 1993/4 had not afforded broader support. The reader will be confronted by an almost surrealistic world: Pamiri income and living conditions after 1991 dropped to the level of a poor Sahelian country. Former scientists, university professors and engineers found themselves using ox-ploughs to plant potatoes and wheat for survival. On the other hand, 100% literacy and excellent skills proved to be an enormous human capital resource for economic recovery. The first sign of this was an increase in agricultural production, something that had never occurred during Soviet times.

List of illustrationsp. viii
Prefacep. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
The basic situationp. 1
Study methodsp. 7
On the subject of the bookp. 13
General features of Gorno-Badakhshanp. 18
Physical geographyp. 18
Natural resourcesp. 30
Landscapes of the Pamirs from a cultural-geographic perspectivep. 37
The population of Gorno-Badakhshanp. 44
History of the Pamirsp. 49
The Pamirs and the Silk Roadp. 49
The pre-Islamic periodp. 51
From Islam to the eve of the Great Gamep. 58
The Great Game and the Russian occupation of the Pamirsp. 67
The early Soviet periodp. 75
Travellers on the 'roof of the world'p. 82
Ethnology of the Pamirisp. 90
Indo-Europeans in the Pamirsp. 91
Economyp. 103
Power and administrationp. 143
Pamiri societyp. 147
Household lifep. 152
Inventory of material culturep. 165
Communications and transportationp. 184
Music, dance, games and poetry of the Pamirisp. 188
The Kyrgyz of the Murghabp. 193
History and tribal organisationp. 193
Kyrgyz traditional economyp. 197
Housing and equipmentp. 205
Social lifep. 213
Ismailis and Sunnisp. 221
Islam and Islamic groups in the Pamirsp. 221
Ancient religious traces and current popular faithp. 237
Economy and society in the Soviet systemp. 243
Public administration and Soviet development policyp. 243
Collectivisation of agriculture and the economy of the state farmsp. 249
Social infrastructure in Soviet timesp. 254
Employment, income and individual prosperityp. 259
Soviet society, family and genderp. 261
The economic collapsep. 271
The end of the Soviet Union and the civil war in Tajikistanp. 271
Economic collapsep. 278
Employment, income and dietp. 282
Agriculture, industry and tradep. 284
Social infrastructure and servicesp. 288
Socio-cultural effectsp. 291
International development aidp. 297
The Humanitarian Assistance Programme of the Aga Khan Foundationp. 298
Agricultural developmentp. 305
Other economic and welfare activitiesp. 316
Communal developmentp. 318
The programme's impact on agriculture, productivity and dietp. 320
Impact on industry, business and tradep. 322
Society in transition and the 'new thinking'p. 324
A summary of external development assistancep. 328
Development constraints and prospectsp. 330
The development potentials and constraints of the Pamir regionp. 331
Induced development constraints: drugs and border troopsp. 336
Development prospects and conclusionsp. 339
Glossaryp. 344
Notesp. 351
Select bibliographyp. 362
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415308069
ISBN-10: 0415308062
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 378
Published: 14th September 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.83 x 16.38  x 2.34
Weight (kg): 0.82
Edition Number: 1