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Social Aggression among Girls : Guilford Series on Social and Emotional Development - Marion K. Underwood

Social Aggression among Girls

Guilford Series on Social and Emotional Development

Paperback Published: 10th April 2003
ISBN: 9781572308657
Number Of Pages: 300

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While several recent popular books address the topic of girls' "meanness" to one another, this volume offers the first balanced, scholarly analysis of scientific knowledge in this area. Integrating current research on emotion regulation, gender, and peer relations, the book examines how girls are socialized to experience and express anger and aggression from infancy through adolescence. Considered are the developmental functions of such behaviors as gossip, friendship manipulation, and social exclusion; consequences for both victims and perpetrators; and approaches to intervention and prevention. Presenting innovative research models and methods, this is an accessible and much-needed synthesis for researchers, professionals, and students.

"This book offers a thoughtful analysis of the nature and forms of girls' aggression, providing a broad, interdisciplinary review of the extant research. Among the book's many strengths are its developmental perspective, its attention to the context of peer relations, and its analysis of current conceptual frameworks for the study of gender differences and aggression. Underwood's work is comprehensive, coherent, thoughtful, and strongly scientific. She has an exceptional ability to look at established issues in a new and fresh way, and to examine both sides of theoretical debates from a balanced position. Unraveling the complexities of the topic and delineating a roadmap for future research, this book is a 'must' for university libraries and for those who study girls' development. Students will benefit as well from the author's careful consideration of methodological questions. The book is suitable as a text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level courses dealing with antisocial behavior, aggression, peer relations, and related issues."--Debra J. Pepler, PhD, LaMarsh Centre for Research on Violence and Conflict Resolution, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

"Underwood's erudite work on girls' social aggression is an excellent blend of relevant theory, research, and practice. Especially pertinent to graduate students and professionals in the social sciences and education, the book's developmental research focus will resonate with all readers who desire a solid foundation on which to base their interventions."--Christopher A. Sink, PhD, NCC, LMHC, Department of School Counseling and Psychology, Seattle Pacific University

"Finally, a critically needed summary and analysis of empirical research on social aggression. This groundbreaking, accessible work can be used by teachers, school counselors, psychology students, and parents. Essential reading for anyone interested in girls' development. Bravo!"--Rachel Simmons, author of Odd Girl Out: The Hidden Culture of Aggression in Girls

"Social Aggression among Girls demystifies and corrects the misconceptions we have about young girls and their aggressive behavior. Clearly written, well researched, and with useful clinical examples and implications, this is an important book."--Harold S. Koplewicz, MD, New York University Child Study Center

"A scholarly book that brings together a wide range of pertinent work....Underwood seeks to understand the roots of girls' social aggression, looking, for example, for connections with girls' earlier relationships with their parents....She cites evidence that points to their being especially upset by social exclusion or betrayal by a friend, and especially in need of being perceived by peers as accepted within a social group....We are given an excellent account of some of the features of the "culture" of girls' social groups....She gives us a detailed, qualitative picture of how social aggression is carried out among girls, and the changing functions it appears to serve at successive ages, as the nature of girls' friendships and cliques change. This is a refreshing perspective, and greatly adds to the depth of the book....A valuable feature of the book is its willingness to tackle the question of whether it might be justified to intervene with children and adolescents in an effort to reduce the incidence and harmful effects of social aggression. Underwood considers what kind of interventions might be effective and justified."--From the Foreword by Eleanor Maccoby, PhD

Setting the Stage
Girls' Anger and Aggression: The Bind between Feeling Angry and Being Nicep. 3
Emotion Regulation: The Bind and Why Social Aggression May Be a Way Outp. 6
Overview of This Bookp. 9
Childhood Aggression: Sticks and Stones and Social Exclusionp. 13
Subtypes of Aggressionp. 16
Indirect Aggressionp. 18
Social Aggressionp. 21
Relational Aggressionp. 22
Social Aggression Revisitedp. 23
Overlapping, Competing Constructs: Perils, Pitfalls, and Possible Solutionsp. 25
Why "Social Aggression"?p. 32
Gender and Peer Relations: Separate Worlds?p. 35
Two Cultures Theoryp. 37
Two Cultures Theory and Research on Peer Relationsp. 41
Reconciling Discrepant Findingsp. 46
Dangers of Accepting Two Cultures Theory Wholesalep. 49
Social Aggression and Two Cultures Theory: Testable Questionsp. 51
Development
Girls' Anger in Infancy: Early Lessons That Anger Is Unwelcomep. 57
How Early Do Children Show Anger?p. 57
Beginning Autonomy and Angerp. 58
Gender Differences in Infants' Anger Expressionsp. 59
Child Gender and Parental Socializationp. 60
What Is the Age of Onset for Physical Aggression?p. 62
Summary and Conclusionsp. 63
Girls' Anger and Aggression in Preschool: "If You Don't Do What I Say, I Won't Be Your Friend"p. 65
Forms of Angry, Aggressive Behavior among Preschool Girlsp. 66
Origins and Explanations for Preschool Girls' Anger and Aggressionp. 77
Summary: Why Might Preschool Girls Prefer Social to Physical Aggression?p. 88
Future Researchp. 91
Middle Childhood: Gossip, Gossip, Evil Thing?p. 93
Forms of Angry, Aggressive Behavior among Girls in Middle Childhoodp. 95
Origins and Explanations for Girls' Anger and Aggression in Middle Childhoodp. 15
Summaryp. 129
Future Researchp. 132
Adolescence: Girl Talk, Moral Negotiation, and Strategic Interactions to Inflict Social Harmp. 134
Forms of Angry, Aggressive Behavior among Adolescent Girlsp. 136
Origins and Explanations for Adolescent Girls' Anger and Aggressionp. 153
Summaryp. 172
Future Researchp. 177
Clinical Implications
Developmental and Psychosocial Consequences of Girls' Aggressionp. 181
Concurrent Problems Associated with Aggression in Girlsp. 183
Clinical Outcomes Associated with Girls' Aggressionp. 187
Controversies Surrounding Research on Aggression in Girlsp. 191
Social Aggression into Adulthoodp. 202
Summary and Conclusionsp. 206
Prevention and Intervention: Harnessing the Power of Sisterhoodp. 208
Why Intervene to Reduce or Prevent Social Aggression?p. 210
Why Not Intervene?p. 212
How to Intervenep. 213
Adapting Other Approachesp. 214
Techniques for Decreasing Social Aggression: Clues from Empirical Researchp. 220
Challenges for Intervening to Reduce or Prevent Social Aggressionp. 227
Strengths of Girls to Harness for Interventionp. 229
Summary and Conclusionsp. 229
New Models of Social Aggression: For Its Own Sakep. 231
What Have We Learned from Likening Social to Physical Aggression?p. 232
Are Girls and Boys Equally Aggressive, and Does This Question Really Matter?p. 23
Differences between Social and Physical Aggression That May Require New Models and Methodsp. 234
Possibilities for New Modelsp. 236
Toward a Theoretical Framework for Understanding Developmental Origins and Possible Outcomes of Social Aggression: Social Aggression as Disparagementp. 243
Top 10 Hopes for Future Research on Social Aggressionp. 248
Referencesp. 253
Indexp. 291
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781572308657
ISBN-10: 1572308656
Series: Guilford Series on Social and Emotional Development
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 300
Published: 10th April 2003
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.43