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Smoke - the Killer in the Kitchen : Indoor air pollution in developing countries - Hugh Warwick

Smoke - the Killer in the Kitchen

Indoor air pollution in developing countries

Paperback Published: 1st March 2004
ISBN: 9781853395888
Number Of Pages: 48

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Over two billion people in developing countries use only traditional biomass -- wood, dung and crop waste -- for their basic energy needs. The pollution from the burning of these fuels for cooking and heating is linked to the deaths of over 1.6 million people each year (more than three people a minute). Indoor air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and illness in developing countries. The main cause of deaths in children under five years old is acute lower respiratory infection, such as pneumonia -- and indoor air pollution is responsible for causing about 60% of these deaths. Despite these devastating facts about smoke, very few people are aware of the risks of indoor air pollution. It is quite literally the silent killer.

This report details the health impacts of smoke in homes across the developing world. Technical solutions are presented, with strategies for reducing exposure to smoke for millions of households. Recommendations are given on immediate actions to be taken to significantly scale-up the fight against the silent killer of smoke in the homes of the world's most vulnerable people.

This report is part of the ITDG Briefings series, designed to inform and stimulate public debate on crucial issues of sustainable development. The series looks at the role of technology and economics in the battle against poverty, inequality and injustice. In an increasingly fragile and divided world the need for well-informed public debate is vital and these reports summarize the issues and offer recommendations for action.

Acknowledgementsp. iv
Acronymsp. v
Executive summaryp. vi
Smoke--the killer in the kitchenp. 1
A crisis affecting mainly poor women and childrenp. 2
Smoke and the Millennium Development Goalsp. 3
Smoke's increasing cloud across the globep. 5
Why has so little been done?p. 6
How smoke kills and injuresp. 8
Exposure in poor homes far exceeds accepted safety levelsp. 8
Researching how smoke affects healthp. 10
Health effects of indoor air pollutionp. 10
Reducing exposure to indoor air pollutionp. 13
Cooking on a cleaner fuelp. 13
Getting smoke out of the housep. 16
Cutting smoke volumesp. 18
Reducing the need for firep. 18
Changing patterns of behaviourp. 19
Heating the homep. 19
Identifying appropriate solutionsp. 20
Weighing up the cost of smoke alleviationp. 21
Lessons from stoves programmesp. 21
Smoke reduction efforts and health spendingp. 22
A Global Action Planp. 25
High level international conferencep. 25
Millennium Development Goalsp. 25
A global partnershipp. 25
Sustainable financep. 26
National task forcesp. 27
Lessons to be learnt from improved stoves programmesp. 29
Getting the market right for wide-scale disseminationp. 33
Action by key stakeholders on indoor air pollutionp. 35
World Health Organizationp. 35
Energy Sector Management Assistance Programmep. 35
Partnership for Clean Indoor Airp. 36
United Nations Development Programmep. 36
National governmentsp. 36
Global Village Energy Partnershipp. 36
Shell Foundationp. 37
Research communityp. 37
Development communityp. 37
Notes and referencesp. 39
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781853395888
ISBN-10: 1853395889
Series: ITDG Briefing
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 48
Published: 1st March 2004
Publisher: ITDG Publishing
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 29.85 x 20.32  x 0.64
Weight (kg): 0.18